Moluccella laevis

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Moluccella laevis
Moluccella laevis, flowers.jpg
persistent calyces
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Moluccella
Species: M. laevis
Binomial name
Moluccella laevis

Moluccella laevis (Bells-of-Ireland, Bells of Ireland, Molucca balmis, Shellflower, Shell flower) is a summer flowering annual, native to Turkey, Syria and the Caucasus. It is cultivated for its spikes of flowers. In the language of flowers, it represents luck.

The tiny white flowers are surrounded by apple green calyces which are persistent. The rounded leaves are pale green.

Fast growing, Moluccella laevis will reach 1 metre and spread to 30 centimeters with an erect, branching habit.[1]

A member of the mint family, the blooming stems can be cut and used in fresh or dried flower arrangements. The domestic plant is self-seeding, prefers full sun and regular water and are unlikely to do well in hot, humid climates.

External links[edit]

  • Jepson Manual Treatment
  • "Moluccella laevis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  • Wisconsin Master Gardener Features: Bells of Ireland[permanent dead link]
  • USDA Plants Profile
  • Photo gallery
  • Moluccella laevis Flowers in Israel


  1. ^ Botanicas, Annuals and Perennials, Random House, Sydney, 2005