Moma language

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Native to Indonesia
Region Sulawesi
Native speakers
5,500 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 myl
Glottolog moma1242[2]

Moma (also Kulawi) is an Austronesian language spoken in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Historically it is a dialect of Kaili, but is divergent due to strong influence from Uma.[1][3]


The sound inventory of Moma is described by Adriani and Esser (1939) as follows:[3]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ?
voiced b d ɟ g
Prenasalized plosive voiceless ᵐp ⁿt ᶮc ᵑk
voiced ᵐb ⁿd
Fricative voiceless h
voiced β
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Trill r
Approximant l j
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-Mid e o
Open a


  1. ^ a b Moma at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kulawi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Adriani, N. and S. J. Esser. (1939). Koelawische taalstudien. (Bibliotheca Celebica, I, II, III.) Bandoeng: A. C. Nix. viii+91+90+113pp. (3 vols).