Mombasa Marine National Park and Reserve

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Mombasa Marine National Park
Wooden boat off-shore in Mombasa's Marine Park.jpg
Mombasa Marine Park
Map showing the location of Mombasa Marine National Park
Map showing the location of Mombasa Marine National Park
Location of Marine National Park
Coordinates4°4′S 39°47′E / 4.067°S 39.783°E / -4.067; 39.783Coordinates: 4°4′S 39°47′E / 4.067°S 39.783°E / -4.067; 39.783
Area10 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Established1986

Mombasa Marine National Park and Reserve is a marine park and national reserve in Mombasa, Kenya. The park is 10 km2 (2,500 acres) while the reserve is 200 km2 (49,400 acres).[1]

It is located on the coast near tourist areas and is a popular beach because of the snorkeling and diving; other activities include taking a boat ride, recreational fishing, windsurfing, water skiing, and viewing the other wildlife on land and underwater.[2] It is the most frequently visited of Kenya's marine parks. It has coral reefs in its waters. The reserve also provide a home to a variety of marine species including crabs, starfish, stone fish, cucumbers sea urchins, corals, turtles, sea grasses and migratory birds including crab plovers.[3]

The Marine park is characterized by warm tropical conditions varying at the surface between 25 °C and 31 °C during the year, stable salinity regimes and moderate nutrient levels.[4]

History[edit]

Through legislation in 1987, the area was officially recognized as a National Park to prevent damage to both the park and the communities surrounding the park due to over-fishing, coral reef stripping, and revenue lost resulting from less tourism.[5] The park was also recognized as a marine park to protect the coral reefs and animals who were the target of fishing and trophy-hunting.[5] While the legislation was supposed to protect wildlife and marine-life, fishing and poaching persisted. In 1992, night-time patrols were introduced to curb wildlife poaching and legislation was introduced to ban fishing; it wasn't until 1994 when both poaching and fishing ceased and the area was under full protection.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Database on Protected Areas – The Mombasa Marine National Reserve
  2. ^ "Mombasa Marine National Park". www.memphistours.com. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  3. ^ "Mombasa Marine National Park & Reserve | Kenya Wildlife Service". www.kws.go.ke. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  4. ^ "Mombasa Marine National Park & Reserve". Visit Nyali. 2020-10-04. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  5. ^ a b c "Tropical Marine Protected Areas: Mombasa Marine National Park and Reserve". Tropical Marine Protected Areas. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  6. ^ "Fully-Protected Marine Reserves : A Guide | SEA Knowledge Bank". seaknowledgebank.net. Retrieved 2021-11-19.