Momentum (organisation)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Momentum
Momentum logo.jpg
Formation 8 October 2015; 2 years ago (2015-10-08)
Founder Jon Lansman
Type Left-wing[1]
Location
  • United Kingdom
Region served
United Kingdom
(Campaign for Socialism in Scotland)
Membership (2018)
Increase 40,000[2]
National coordinator
Laura Parker
Chair
Jon Lansman
Digital officer
Ruth Berry
Vice-Chair
Emina Ibrahim
Cecile Wright
Affiliations Labour Party
Website www.peoplesmomentum.com

Momentum is a left-wing British political organisation.[3] Momentum was founded in 2015 by Jon Lansman, along with the original national organisers, Adam Klug, Emma Rees and James Schneider, four weeks after Jeremy Corbyn's successful campaign for the Labour Party leadership.[4][5][6] It has been described as a grassroots movement supportive of Corbyn and the Labour Party.[6][7][8]

In February 2016, Momentum set up a paid formal membership structure, under which those who wanted to join had to support the values and aims of the Labour Party.[9] Under the constitution introduced in January 2017, Momentum activists must also be or become members of the Labour party.[10] As of January 2018, there are over 170 local groups across the UK,[11] and as of April 2018, the organisation has 40,000 members.[2]

Background[edit]

Momentum describes itself as an organisation that "exists to build on the energy and enthusiasm from the Jeremy Corbyn for Labour Leader campaign, to increase participatory democracy, solidarity, and grassroots power and help Labour become the transformative governing party of the 21st century".[12] It campaigns on local issues and on topics within the Labour Party.[8] The organisation states that it aims to organise local groups across the country to "encourage mass mobilisation for a more democratic, equal and decent society" and "assist members in making their voice heard in Labour Party debates".[12]

Momentum draws inspiration and cross-pollinates ideas with Syriza in Greece and Podemos in Spain, both of which were fed by practical, grassroots organising to counter the effects of austerity cuts.[13]

It has drawn comparisons to Militant, a group that was expelled by Labour under Neil Kinnock in the 1980s. Labour MP Owen Smith has described Momentum as a 'party within a party'.[14] Momentum itself and a number of political commentators characterise these accusations as unfair.[15] Labour's deputy leader, Tom Watson, in December 2015 commented on the Today programme about the group: "They look like a bit of a rabble to me, but I don't think they are a problem for the Labour Party. They are not a party within a party. I just don’t think they're that effective".[16]

Relationship with other organisations[edit]

Members of the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) had raised concerns that groups including the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition, Left Unity, the Socialist Workers Party (SWP), the Socialist Party and the Alliance for Workers' Liberty (AWL) might attach themselves to Momentum as a means to join the Labour Party.[17] Left Unity in November 2015 was looking into the possibility of cooperation with Momentum and the Labour Party because it shares Corbyn's values. The Socialist Workers Party and the Socialist Party have denied having any intention to be involved.[18] Momentum stated that it would resist entryism by the SWP and other groups.[19] In October 2015, James Schneider, a leading organiser of Momentum, said that he had voted for the Green Party in the May general election, saying it was only because “I'm in a safe Labour seat”.[20]

In December 2015, Momentum announced that it would be setting up a code of conduct to exclude members of other parties from voting or taking part in meetings about the Labour Party. This was intended to restrict the influence of the Socialist Party and others, but members of those groups were to be permitted to attend meetings on non-Labour Party issues, such as the campaign on Syria.[21][22] In January 2017, Momentum's new constitution imposed a new requirement for Momentum members to be members of the Labour Party.[10]

International relationships[edit]

Momentum has built ties with other political organisations across North America and Europe. They have collaborated with the Canadian Leap movement, the Social Democratic Party of Germany's Young Socialists,[23] and similar organisations in Greece. In 2018, Rees and Klug went on a 10 week lecture tour of the United States to educate progressive activists and members of the National Nurses United union on political campaigning techniques, as well as advising Real Justice.[24]

Campaigns and issues[edit]

Fears over deselection threats[edit]

Critics of Corbyn within the Parliamentary Labour Party have raised a concern that Momentum may look to encourage the deselection of moderate MPs and councillors who disagree with, or are seeking to undermine the Labour leader.[25] Referring to the Militant tendency, Oliver Kamm of The Times wrote in October 2015: "Like the Trotskyists of a generation ago Momentum is an entrist organisation that’s parasitic on the Labour host. This time, though, the far left has managed to gain control of the party structures and is intent on making life tough for Labour MPs".[26] However, Momentum issued a clear denial, saying "we will not campaign for the deselection of any MP and will not permit any local Momentum groups to do so. The selection of candidates is entirely a matter for local party members and rightly so".[27]

Author and journalist Michael Crick opposes the comparison to Militant, stating that "the rise of Jeremy Corbyn can be attributed more to the phenomenon of 'Corbynmania' than to hard-left entrism".[28] Similarly, former Labour MP Peter Kilfoyle, who had acted as "enforcer" for the Labour leadership against Militant on Merseyside in the 1980s as the party's North West Regional Organiser, also rejected the comparison, instead describing Momentum as fulfilling the same kind of role on the left of the party as Progress did on the right.[29] The Momentum spokesman James Schneider has said "The purpose of Momentum is not to have internal factional battles, it's to look outside".[30]

Democracy SOS[edit]

Momentum is undertaking a campaign to address the problem of disenfranchisement of electors as a result of the introduction of Individual Electoral Registration. This is part of a broader goal to improve democracy by encouraging new voters to register. The group believes there may be eight million people missing from the electoral register and that a further 1.9 million people could be excluded by the changes in voter registration on 1 December 2015.[31][32]

Austerity[edit]

Momentum criticised the economic policies of the Chancellor George Osborne which had resulted in the United Kingdom government austerity programme. In particular Momentum criticised Osborne's proposal to cut tax credit payments for working families.[33][34]

In 2016, local Momentum groups started to collect and volunteer for food banks.[13]

Syria bombing[edit]

Momentum called for its membership to lobby Labour MPs "to support Corbyn, not Cameron, over Syria" on Twitter, linking to the Stop the War Coalition's "don't Bomb Syria" campaign, which opposed the Conservative Government's proposal to extend its bombing sorties against Daesh (also known as ISIS) from Daesh-held territory in Iraq to also cover Daesh-held territory in Syria. Corbyn had argued that Cameron's government lacked a credible plan for defeating Daesh, and that the bombing in Syria would not increase the UK's national security. Corbyn has also stated his view that military action should always be a last resort. Some Labour MPs criticised Momentum's move to lobby on party political grounds before the Labour party's official position on military action had been decided, with Gavin Shuker asking "Who decided this was your position on Syria, and to lobby MPs in this way"?[35]

Elections to the National Executive Committee[edit]

In the 2016 elections for the National Executive Committee, it emerged that Momentum, alongside the centre-left Grassroots Alliance and the Campaign for Labour Party Democracy[36] were jointly backing six representatives for the NEC: Rhea Wolfson, the former chair of the Jewish Society who replaced Ken Livingstone, a senior NEC figure who was suspended from the party for alleged antisemitism;[37] Ann Black; Christine Shawcroft, a senior figure in Momentum[citation needed] who had been a member of the NEC for 15 years, and who had been briefly suspended from the party after defending Lutfur Rahman,[38][39] and has gained media attention after 'jocular' comments about dialogue with Daesh instead of air strikes;[40] Peter Willsman, Claudia Webbe and Darren Williams.[41][39] All six of the candidates Momentum supported were elected to the six available places.[42]

On 15 January 2018, three pro-Momentum members were elected onto the Labour Party's National Executive Committee: Jon Lansman, Yasmine Dar and Rachel Garnham.[43][44][45][46]

The World Transformed[edit]

From 24 September 2016, Momentum held a four-day fringe festival alongside the Labour Party conference in Liverpool. Foregrounding art, music and culture alongside political discussions, 'The World Transformed'. One event featured a debate between Caroline Lucas co-leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, Compass chair Neal Lawson and Jon Lansman and Rhea Wolfson of Momentum.[47] In The Times, Tony Blair's former speech writer Philip Collins was positive about the event, compared to the Labour conference, "harnessed and embraced, Momentum could be a force for good", but wrote "the only thing wrong with their slogan 'Jez We Can' is the first word".[48]

The World Transformed spanned nine venues across Brighton, where the Labour Party 2017 Conference was held. Many MPs attended, including Jeremy Corbyn, John McDonnell, Diane Abbott, Emily Thornberry, and Ed Miliband.

Former vice-chair Jackie Walker[edit]

The vice-chair of Momentum, Jackie Walker, who is of mixed African and Jewish heritage,[49] was briefly suspended from Labour Party membership in spring 2016 for making comments concerning the alleged role of Jewish people in the Atlantic slave trade on Facebook.[50] Jon Lansman, the chair of Momentum, defended her against these claims at the time.[51][52]

Near the 2016 Labour Party conference in Liverpool, Momentum organised The World Transformed, a four-day event.[53] Walker spoke at Momentum events. Her comments about Holocaust Memorial Day led to renewed calls for her to be expelled from the Labour Party and, this time, for Walker to lose her position as Momentum's vice-chair.[54] Manuel Cortes, the general secretary of the TSSA union, said their Momentum funding would be reconsidered if Walker did not resign or failed to be removed.[54] She was suspended from Labour Party membership at the end of September.[55] On 3 October 2016, the organisation's steering committee decided she should cease being vice-chair, but would remain a member of the committee itself.[56] Lansman in the Morning Star wrote that they considered Walker's comments about Holocaust Memorial Day "to be ill-informed, ill-judged and offensive though not anti-semitic".[52]

Internal tensions (late 2016–early 2017)[edit]

In late October 2016, a short-notice meeting voted to change to One-Member-One-Vote (OMOV) using information technology, instead of a delegate system at the founding principles conference, which was, at that time, planned to be held in February 2017.[57] The meeting also opted to cancel a national committee meeting at which Lansman's opponents had intended to temper his position in the organisation.[58] One connected group, Labour Party Marxists,[59] commented on its website: "This is worse than anything Tony Blair managed to foist on the Labour Party" and ended asserting: "This is an anti-democratic coup".[60] An early December 2016 national committee meeting did, however, take place at which OMOV was rejected.[61]

Momentum women's officer Laura Murray blogged about her fears the Alliance for Workers' Liberty might be attempting to take over the organisation. An AWL member on the steering committee, Jill Mountford, had written of a potential split, accusing Lansman of threatening to walk away if his own views were not supported.[61][62] In an AWL pamphlet, published in October, the group described Momentum as being "politically conservative" and claimed the group's leadership were "avoiding any criticism of or going beyond what party leadership has said and done".[63] The sectarians, the Trotskyists opposed to the Labour Party, according to Owen Jones in The Guardian, were seeking to destroy Momentum, perhaps aiming to create a new party.[64] During a BBC interview, Mountford denied such intentions.[65] Meanwhile, at a pre-Christmas rally, Corbyn urged Momentum to unify.[66]

The introduction of a new constitution was announced on 11 January 2017. New members of Momentum were now required to also be members of the Labour Party, with existing Momentum members being given until July to join.[67] Lansman initiated changes via an email: after managing to convince the steering committee, he abolished the national committee and replaced it with a Labour-only national coordinating committee (NCC).[68][69] A new online model of organisation without a regional structure was created with the specific intention of preventing Trotskyists dominating delegated meetings.[70] Lansman resigned as a director of Momentum on 12 January, being replaced by Christine Shawcroft, in order to stand for election to the steering committee, it was reported.[71][72]

A relaunch of the group in early March 2017, with John McDonnell having assisted Lansman, included a first meeting of the new NCC on 11 March and a conference on 25 March, both in Birmingham. Another group, Momentum Grassroots, held its alternative meeting in Birmingham on 11 March.[73]

Internal tensions (2018)[edit]

After public controversy about allegations of antisemitism in July 2018, Momentum took the decision to dismiss Peter Willsman from the party executive candidature list[74]. Willsman had been recorded describing some British Jews as "...Trump fanatics".[75]

National Coordinating Group[edit]

In January 2017, following a survey by Momentum - to which over 40% of members responded - the organisation's steering committee voted by majority to introduce a new constitution.[10] Eight Members' Representatives were elected: four for London and the South East; two for the Midlands, the East, the West and Wales; two for the North, Scotland and International; and four public office holders.[76]

In April 2017, over 13,000 votes were cast – 35% of eligible members – with increased turnout compared to last year, with four Members' Representatives for each region elected.[76]

London and the South East Midlands, the East, the West and Wales
North, Scotland and International Public office holders

By-election campaigns[edit]

After the Stoke-on-Trent Central, and Copeland by-elections were called, Momentum mobilised its large activist base to campaign for both. Momentum launched two pieces of technology to help this, a Phone Banking web application called Grassroots Now (previously used in Corbyn's Labour leadership election campaigns in 2015 and 2016), and a carpooling web application to help activists travel to the campaign days from across the country.[77][78][79] Ultimately, the Labour Party Candidate in Stoke-on-trent, Gareth Snell, won, while in the traditional Labour stronghold of Copeland the Labour candidate Gillian Troughton lost to her Conservative opponent.[80]

Take Back Control Brexit tour[edit]

On 14 February 2017, Momentum revealed that John McDonnell, Diane Abbott, Rachael Maskell and Clive Lewis would go on a nationwide "Take Back Control" tour organised by The World Transformed of majority Brexit/Leave places such as Barnsley, Bradford, Dagenham, Hastings and Sunderland.[81] Organisers say the tour is aimed at "marginal constituencies and those under threat from Ukip".[82] This series of events will follow the first annual conference of Momentum in Birmingham on 25 March 2017.[73]

2017 general election campaign[edit]

In the run-up to the general election on 8 June 2017, Momentum worked to mobilise voters and encourage volunteers to canvass on behalf of Labour. As part of the campaign, MyNearestMarginal.com, a website which allows voters to search for campaigning events in marginal constituencies closest to them, and ElectionDayPledge.com, where voters can pledge to volunteer on Polling Day, were created. Momentum also worked with organisers from Bernie Sanders' 2016 Presidential campaign to hold training sessions for volunteers.[83] It drafted in senior figures from Sanders' campaign, including Erika Uyterhoeven, formerly a national director for outer-state organising,[84] Grayson Lookner, Jeremy Parkin and Kim McMurray.[85]

The organisation's Facebook page reached 23.7 million views and videos were watched by 12.7 million unique users. In total Momentum spent less than £2,000 advertising on the social media platform.[84]

Membership of the organisation increased by 1,500 within four days of the general election[13] and by another 3,000 within two months.[86]

In May 2017, Noam Chomsky claimed the future of the party must lie with the left of the party and Momentum. He said: "The constituency of the Labour Party, the new participants, the Momentum group and so on ... if there is to be a serious future for the Labour Party that is where it is in my opinion."[87]

Post-2017 general election[edit]

In June 2017, after the general election, Giles Kenningham, former Conservative Party director of communications said: "Labour have used Momentum to devastating effect."[88] Later in the month, Michael Gove, Conservative MP said: "The Conservative Party can learn a lot from Momentum."[89]

In August, it was announced that the Communications Workers Union will formally affiliate to Momentum after its ruling executive voted unanimously in favour to join the organisation.[90] A former critic of the Labour left and Corbyn, John McTernan joined Momentum in Summer 2017.[91]

In September, Momentum launched M.app, a smartphone app to alert delegates to timings of key votes on the national conference floor, as well as send real-time information about events and rallies.[92]

In October, Momentum said it has added 1,500 new members since the Labour Party Conference in September and that it now has 31,000 activists across 170 local groups, with 15 members of staff.[93]

In summer 2017, Adam Klug resigned as national co-ordinator following the snap general election. In October 2017, Emma Rees, a co-founder of the group, stood down as national co-ordinator. Laura Parker who left her role as Jeremy Corbyn's political secretary before the national conference replaced Rees as national co-ordinator.[94]

Unseat campaign[edit]

In partnership with Owen Jones, Momentum is mobilising for the 'Unseat' campaign, targeting constituencies where prominent Tory MPs have a small majority and could be susceptible to a Labour win at the next general election.

Thousands have attended Unseat events in seats held by then Education Secretary Justine Greening (Putney), former DWP Secretary Iain Duncan Smith (Chingford and Woodford Green) and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson (Uxbridge and South Ruislip).

2017 Labour Party Conference[edit]

At the 2017 Labour Party Conference itself, thousands of members committed to making the party more democratic and inclusive, pass policy to enhance the party’s openness and representation. Conference overwhelmingly votes in favour of the Labour Party Democracy Review, so that in the coming year, every Labour member will have the chance to share their views about how the party can improve.

During the 2017 Labour Party Conference at Brighton, Momentum was criticised for its alleged role in obstructing a motion on Brexit.[95][96][97]

Labour Party Democracy Review[edit]

In January 2018, Momentum tabled plans to update the way the NEC's BAME representative is chosen, with a one member, one vote election replacing the current system where a small party group decides the post. Under the group's plans, all black or minority ethnic members of the party would automatically become part of BAME Labour and have one member, one vote rights in electing their NEC representative. BAME Labour would also have an independent organisation, with its committee having direct access to its own membership list and centrally-funded finances, and the ability to organise its own campaigns and events independently.[98]

Membership[edit]

Membership (by year)
Year
2017[93]
31,000
2018[2]
40,000

As of January 2018, Momentum had 35,000 members[99] With 15% membership increase since the start of 2018, by April the organisation had 40,000. Momentum has said that 95 per cent of its current funding comes from membership fees and small donations, with the average fee standing at £3 a year.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pickard, Sarah; Bessant, Judith (2017). Young People Re-Generating Politics in Times of Crises. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 131. ISBN 978-3319582498. 
  2. ^ a b c d Cowburn, Ashley (4 April 2018). "Momentum: Corbyn-backing organisation now has 40,000 paying members, overtaking Green Party". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  3. ^ McTague, Tom (19 December 2015). "Momentum group may join Labour to boost Jeremy Corbyn". The Independent. 
  4. ^ Ghadiali, Ashish (16 January 2018). "How Momentum came together". Red Pepper. 
  5. ^ Patrick Wontour (8 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn leadership campaign gives rise to new social movement". The Guardian. 
  6. ^ a b Stephen Bush (23 October 2015). "Labour MPs are worried about Momentum. Should they be?". New Statesman. 
  7. ^ Norman Smith (24 October 2015). "What is Momentum, and why is it worrying Labour MPs?". BBC News. 
  8. ^ a b Stone, Jon (8 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn's leadership campaign sets up new local activist network called 'Momentum'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "Momentum to block supporters of rival parties from membership". Labour List. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c Cowburn, Ashley (11 January 2017). "Momentum pushes activists to join Labour party to retain membership under new constitution". The Independent. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "This is what will happen to Momentum after the election". The Independent. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Welcome to Momentum!". Momentum. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c Bulman, May (13 June 2017). "Labour Party membership soars by 35,000 since general election". The Independent. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "Owen Smith evokes 1980s struggle as he brands Momentum "a party within a party" - LabourList". 16 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Is Momentum a return to the old days of Labour's militant tendency?". 22 December 2015. 
  16. ^ Watt, Nicholas (4 December 2015). "Labour split exposed as Tom Watson describes Momentum as a 'rabble'". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  17. ^ Wintour, Patrick (24 October 2015). "Unite challenges expulsion of alleged Trotskyists from Labour party". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  18. ^ editor, Patrick Wintour Political. "Left Unity party to consider joining Labour". the Guardian. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  19. ^ George Eaton (16 October 2015). "Pro-Corbyn group Momentum vows to resist SWP "infiltration"". New Statesman. 
  20. ^ "Momentum Is Not A 'Shadowy' Group With A 'Hit List' Of Labour MPs, Says Leading Organiser". 
  21. ^ "Momentum 'to curb power of non-Labour groups'". BBC News. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  22. ^ editor, Patrick Wintour Political. "Corbyn's Momentum group moves to block influence of hard-left parties". the Guardian. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  23. ^ Philip Oltermann (24 January 2018). "SPD activists seek help of Momentum to dash German coalition deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 July 2018. 
  24. ^ Nigel Morris (27 July 2018). "Exclusive: Momentum founders turn their sights on Donald Trump". i. Retrieved 28 July 2018. 
  25. ^ Wintour, Patrick (8 October 2015). "Activists to harness Corbyn campaign energy with Momentum". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  26. ^ Kamm, Oliver (13 October 2015). "The real Labour party must refuse to work with Corbyn". The Times. London. Retrieved 26 July 2016.  (subscription required)
  27. ^ "The 66 Labour MPs who voted for Syria air strikes face threats of deselection and branded 'warmongers'". The Independent. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  28. ^ Crick, Michael (10 March 2016). Militant. Biteback Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-78590-029-7.  (back cover)
  29. ^ MacAskill, Ewen (5 August 2016). "Peter Kilfoyle: 'Something is going wrong in Liverpool'". theguardian.com. Retrieved 28 July 2018. 
  30. ^ Gilligan, Andrew (8 November 2015). "The Corbyn hardcore plotting to deselect Labour moderates". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  31. ^ Jon Stone (19 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn's Momentum activist network announces mass voter registration campaign". The Independent. 
  32. ^ "Democracy SOS – Momentum". Democracy SOS. 
  33. ^ "No Work Penalty". 
  34. ^ Steve Sweeney (24 October 2015). "Momentum's potential to unify and energise political campaigning". Morning Star. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  35. ^ Dathan, Matt (23 November 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn campaign group urges Labour MPs to reject air strikes in Syria". Independent. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  36. ^ Pope, Conor (16 July 2016). "Left slate in poll position for NEC race after late spate of nominations". LabourList. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  37. ^ Doherty, Rosa (10 May 2016). "Former Jewish Society chair backed to replace Ken Livingstone on Labour executive". Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  38. ^ Syal, Rajeev (11 May 2015). "Labour veteran suspended from party for supporting Lutfur Rahman". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  39. ^ a b Cooper, Charlie (14 March 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn supporters urged to use Labour NEC elections to cement his hold on party". The Independent. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  40. ^ Riley-Smith, Ben (20 March 2016). "British soldiers should have 'cups of tea' with Islamic State terrorists, says Jeremy Corbyn ally". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  41. ^ Official leaflets for these elections have been produced by Momentum and the Grassroots Alliance.
  42. ^ Smith, Mikey (8 August 2016). "Momentum-backed candidates sweep Labour ruling NEC elections in boost for Corbyn". 
  43. ^ Goodall, Lewis (15 January 2018). "Crucial National Executive Committee vote transforms Labour's future". Sky News. Retrieved 17 January 2018. 
  44. ^ Mason, Rowena; Elgot, Jessica; Syal, Rajeev (15 January 2018). "Momentum founder elected to NEC calls for Labour transformation". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 January 2018. 
  45. ^ Forsyth, James (15 January 2018). "What does Momentum's NEC clean sweep mean for Labour?". Coffee House. The Spectator. Retrieved 17 January 2018. 
  46. ^ "Momentum founder voted on to Labour NEC". BBC News. 15 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018. 
  47. ^ "A Labour party of the future is beginning to emerge". The Guardian. 29 September 2016. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  48. ^ Collins, Philip (29 September 2016). "Momentum can be Labour's unlikely saviour". The Times. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  (subscription required)
  49. ^ Hyland, Bernadette (25 January 2017). "Theatre Review Pointed polemic from suspended Labour activist". Morning Star. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  50. ^ Mortimer, Caroline (28 May 2016). "Anti-Semitism row: Momentum organiser Jackie Walker readmitted to Labour party following racism allegations". The Independent. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  51. ^ Lansman, Jon (9 May 2016). "A frenzied witch-hunt is not the way to combat antisemitism or any form of racism". Left Futures. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  52. ^ a b Lansman, Jon (8 October 2016). "A loss of confidence: the real reason why Momentum removed Jackie Walker". Morning Star. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  53. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (September 2016). "The World Transformed: A look inside the Momentum movement that helped secure a second Corbyn victory". The Independent. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  54. ^ a b Stone, Jon (30 September 2016). "Momentum set to sack vice-chair Jackie Walker after Holocaust Memorial Day comments". The Independent. Retrieved 30 September 2016. (Manuel Cortes) I am asking Jackie that in the interests of unity she resigns at once from our Party and also as vice-chair of Momentum. If she doesn't, both the Labour Party and Momentum need to act to get rid of her at once. Furthermore, TSSA will reconsider our union’s support for Momentum if she is still in post by this time next week 
  55. ^ "Momentum chief Jackie Walker suspended from Labour over Holocaust Memorial Day comments". The Daily Telegraph. Press Association. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  56. ^ Walker, Peter (3 October 2016). "Jackie Walker stripped of Momentum post in antisemitism row". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  57. ^ Bush, Stephen (28 October 2016). "Jon Lansman branded "autocratic" as Momentum splits turn acrimonious". Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  58. ^ Bush, Stephen (3 November 2016). "How Momentum entered the crisis zone". New Statesman. 
  59. ^ Gilligan, Andrew (13 February 2016). "Revealed: The radical hard-Left Momentum activists mounting a ruthless purge of Labour". The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  60. ^ Fisher, Lucy (2 November 2016). "Momentum founder is worse than Blair, say Marxists". The Times. Retrieved 8 March 2017.  (subscription required)
  61. ^ a b Bush, Stephen (6 December 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn urged to intervene in Momentum's feud". New Statesman. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  62. ^ Syal, Rajeev (8 December 2016). "Jon Lansman vows stay in Momentum". Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  63. ^ Fisher, Lucy; Savage, Michael (21 October 2016). "Hard-left Corbynites dismissed as softies". The Times. Retrieved 8 March 2017.  (subscription required)
  64. ^ Jones, Owen (7 December 2016). "Momentum is a beacon of hope. It must be saved from the saboteurs". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  65. ^ Lobel, Mark (9 December 2017). "Is Momentum at war with itself?". BBC News. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  66. ^ Simons, Ned (16 December 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn Tells Momentum To Unite Amid Internal Rift As Aides Plot Leadership Relaunch". The Huffington Post. 
  67. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (11 January 2017). "Momentum pushes activists to join Labour party to retain membership under new constitution". -The Independent. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  68. ^ Stewart, Heather; Syal, Rajeev (10 January 2017). "Momentum shakeup will force members to join Labour". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  69. ^ Silvera, Ian (11 January 2017). "Jon Lansman accused of 'coup' as Momentum unveils new rules and plan to join Labour". International Business Times. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  70. ^ Pettitt, Robin (7 March 2017). "Losing Momentum? The power struggles that are hobbling the Corbyn movement". Democratic Audit UK. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  71. ^ Gartside, Ben (12 February 2017). "Jon Lansman's resignation won't be his last role of the dice at Momentum". Politics. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  72. ^ Casalicchio, Emilio; Schofield, Kevin (12 January 2017). "Blow for Jon Lansman as his own Momentum branch votes against his 'coup'". Politics Home. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  73. ^ a b MacAskill, Ewen; Hacillo, Alex (4 March 2017). "Momentum plans relaunch to end factional infighting". The Observer. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  74. ^ https://news.sky.com/story/jeremy-corbyn-told-to-expel-ally-peter-willsman-over-anti-semitism-rant-11455287
  75. ^ https://www.msn.com/en-gb/news/local/antisemitism-row-momentum-drops-peter-willsman-from-nec-re-election-list/ar-BBLn2j4
  76. ^ a b Rodgers, Sienna (17 April 2018). "Women and minorities triumph in latest Momentum election". London: Labour List. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  77. ^ "By-elections". 
  78. ^ "Momentum carpool brings activists to crucial by-election campaigns - LabourList". 10 February 2017. 
  79. ^ "Momentum seeks to move on from feuds and help deliver by-election victories - LabourList". 26 January 2017. 
  80. ^ "Tories in historic by-election Copeland win". 24 February 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  81. ^ "The Waugh Zone February 15, 2017". 15 February 2017. 
  82. ^ PoliticsHome.com (14 February 2017). "EXCL Momentum Brexit tour slammed as 'left-wing jamboree' by Labour MP". 
  83. ^ Khomami, Nadia (20 May 2017). "The US Bernie Sanders campaigners lending Jeremy Corbyn a hand". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  84. ^ a b Cowburn, Ashley (7 June 2017). "Momentum: What happens to the Jeremy Corbyn-backing organisation after the general election?". The Independent. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  85. ^ "How Momentum helped sway the general election". The Week. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  86. ^ Murugesu, Jason; Varghese, Sanjana (15 August 2017). "How Momentum activists are learning to win over Tory voters". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  87. ^ Asthana, Anushka (10 May 2017). "Labour party's future lies with Momentum, says Noam Chomsky". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  88. ^ Bond, David (9 June 2017). "Labour's slick online campaign outguns Tory press". Financial Times. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  89. ^ Landin, Conrad (25 June 2017). "Labour's slick online campaign outguns Tory press". i. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  90. ^ Bush, Stephen (23 August 2017). "Britain's largest communications union to affiliate to Momentum". New Statesman. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  91. ^ Mairs, Nicholas (13 August 2017). "WATCH: Arch-Blairite John McTernan joins Momentum". Politics Home. Retrieved 20 October 2017. 
  92. ^ Elgot, Jessica (21 September 2017). "Momentum to launch app to get its voters out at Labour conference". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  93. ^ a b Farrell, Jeff (8 October 2017). "Momentum membership soars above 30,000 as Corbyn-supporting Labour group's influence grows". The Independent. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  94. ^ Edwards, Peter (24 October 2017). "Momentum membership soars above 30,000 as Corbyn-supporting Labour group's influence grows". Labour List. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  95. ^ "Last-Ditch Bid To Avoid Labour Conference Vote Against Brexit". 24 September 2017. 
  96. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. 
  97. ^ European, The New. "No Brex please, we're Momentum". 
  98. ^ Waugh, Paul (8 January 2018). "Keith Vaz Facing Loss Of Labour NEC Seat As Momentum Urges More Voting Power For Minority Ethnic Members". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  99. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (18 January 2018). "Momentum surges past 35,000 members with 'more than 1,000 members joining every month'". The Independent. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 

External links[edit]