Momentum Movement

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Momentum Movement

Momentum Mozgalom
LeaderAndrás Fekete-Győr
Executive Board MembersAnna Júlia Donáth [hu]
Daniel Berg
György Buzinkay
Miklós Hajnal[1]
SpokespersonBalázs Nemes
Founded4 March 2017
Headquarters1077 Budapest, Rózsa utca 22.
NewspaperVan remény
Youth wingMomentum TizenX
Membership4,000
IdeologyLiberalism[2][3]
Conservative liberalism[2]
Civic nationalism[4]
Social progressivism
Pro-Europeanism[2][5][6][7]
Political positionCentre[8]
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[9]
ColoursPurple
SloganWe belong to Europe! Let's jumpstart Hungary! The new political generation! There is hope!
(Hungarian: Európához tartozunk! Indítsuk be Magyarországot! Az új politikai generáció! Van remény!)
National Assembly
0 / 199
European Parliament
0 / 21
County Assemblies
0 / 419
Website
momentum.hu

Momentum Movement (Hungarian: Momentum Mozgalom) is a centrist Hungarian political party founded in March 2017. It came to national prominence as a political association in January 2017 after organizing a petition against the Budapest bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics, calling for a public referendum on the matter. The petition, which gathered over 266,000 signatures, was successful, but the government cancelled the Olympic bid before a referendum could have been held.[10] After its establishment as a political party, Momentum quickly built a national following, and presently has approximately 4,000 members.

Momentum party candidates appeared on the ballot in most electoral districts in the 2018 Hungarian parliamentary election, promoting the replacement of the government of Viktor Orbán and advocating a new generation of political change in the country. The party failed to win any seats in parliament, but is now widely considered the strongest extra-parliamentary party in Hungary, and is often involved in the organization of political events and demonstrations.[11][12]

Political positions[edit]

Momentum advocates for the replacement of the present Hungarian political elite, including the government of Viktor Orbán, with a "new breed of political community in Hungary."[13] The party is generally pro-European, pro-globalization, and anti-Putin, claiming that Hungary does not need to sacrifice its own interests in order to fulfill its commitments to the European Union. The party's social views are largely progressive in nature; it supports gay marriage, the decriminalisation of cannabis, and abortion rights.[14] Momentum nonetheless calls itself a centrist party, and rejects classification on either side of the political spectrum. It calls for bipartisan co-operation, writing in its mission statement that Hungary "must not be divided by ideological battles, but brought together by common goals."[15]

History[edit]

  • In early 2015, the Momentum Movement group was created by ten Hungarians.
  • On November 3rd, 2016, the group registered as an association, led by lawyer Dániel Károly Csala.
  • By February 2017, the association had 143 members, 1,800 activists, and 35,000 supporters.
  • On March 4, 2017, Momentum Movement became an official political party, with 99 founding members.
  • In May 2017, pollsters estimated that the party stood at 3% national support. Most of its supporters were high school graduates under the age of 40 or college-educated urban residents.
  • In October 2017, the party released its "national program" (Hungarian: országos programját), a 363-page document proposing solutions to an array of perceived issues in the Hungarian governmental system. The critical reception to the document was mixed: one major Hungarian news outlet, the Magyar Idők, called the document a "pile of empty promises," while another, hvg.hu, wrote that the document's proposed healthcare policy seemed "the most detailed and thorough."
  • In March 2018, the party announced that Momentum parliamentary candidates would be on the ballot in 97 out of 106 electoral districts in Hungary.
  • On April 8th, 2018, the party obtained 3.06% of the popular vote in the parliamentary elections, which did not meet the threshold for the party to be recognized in parliament.
  • On May 5th, 2018, the president of the party resigned, and the three head directors of the party temporarily took over leadership.

Organizational Structure[edit]

Organizational Hubs[edit]

Momentum has 95 organizational hubs across Hungary, as well as international hubs in Germany, the Netherlands, the UK, Belgium, Denmark, Italy, and Romania.

Organizational Structure[edit]

Operation of Momentum is overseen by a chair of five members, including the president of the party (see below), while the Congress of Delegates (Hungarian: Küldöttgyűlés) serves as the party's primary decision-making group.

Chair Members[edit]

  • President: András Fekete-Győr, a lawyer and one of the founders of Momentum.
  • Vice President: Anna Júlia Donáth, a sociologist who previously worked with NGOs on problems of immigration and gay rights.
  • Dániel Berg, previously the international attorney of Momentum
  • György Buzinkay, previously the representative of Momentum in Hajdú-Bihar County
  • Miklós Hajnal, the leader of Momentum's anti-Olympic bid campaign

Election Results[edit]

For the Hungarian Parliament:

Election year National Assembly Government
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
2018
175,225
3.06% (#6)
0 / 199
extra-parliamentary

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://momentum.hu/momentum-vezetoseg/
  2. ^ a b c Zubor Zalán (1 May 2017). "Momentum – centrista, nemzeti és liberális". Hír TV (in Hungarian). Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  3. ^ "A new Hungarian liberal party challenges the autocratic Viktor Orban". The Economist. 24 June 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  4. ^ Harris, Chris (28 August 2017). "Momentum Movement: how Hungary's youth is rising up against Russian influence". Euronews. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  5. ^ Pro-EU Hungarians rally against Russian influence.
  6. ^ Thousands participate in pro-EU, anti-Russia march.
  7. ^ Czinkóczi Sándor (13 April 2017). "Tüntetést szervez május 1-jére a Momentum". 444.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  8. ^ Meret Baumann (2 May 2017). "«Wenn wir wegen ein paar hundert Flüchtlingen um unsere Kultur fürchten müssen, dann haben wir eine schwache Kultur»". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Orbán fő ellenségének pártcsaládjához csatlakozott a Momentum". 2018-11-10. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  10. ^ Tamás, Dull Szabolcs, Német (2017-02-17). "Sínen a népszavazás: 266 151 aláírást adott le a Momentum". index.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  11. ^ Márk, Herczeg (2017-05-01). "A Momentum első nagy tüntetésével bemutatta, hogy komoly ellenzéki erő lehet". 444. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  12. ^ alon.hu. "Választás 2018 - Momentum: 97 helyen adtak le ötszáznál több ajánlást". www.alon.hu. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  13. ^ Zrt, HVG Kiadó (2017-07-18). "Momentum: Ne szavazzunk posztkomcsi utódpártokra!". hvg.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  14. ^ Szabolcs, Dull (2017-05-03). "Az ifjú KDNP-sek a meleglobbit sejtik a Momentum elnöke mögött". index.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  15. ^ "Momentum – Vízió az öt ügyről". Momentum Mozgalom. Retrieved 2019-03-04.