This article is missing information about the film's theatrical/home media releases, and legacy.(May 2020)
|Directed by||Frank Perry|
|Based on||Mommie Dearest|
by Christina Crawford
|Produced by||Frank Yablans|
|Edited by||Peter E. Berger|
|Music by||Henry Mancini|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$19 million|
Mommie Dearest is a 1981 American biographical psychological drama film directed by Frank Perry. The film depicts Christina Crawford's adoptive mother, actress Joan Crawford, as an abusive and manipulative mother.
Starring Faye Dunaway, Mara Hobel, and Diana Scarwid, the film was adapted for the screen by Robert Getchell, Tracy Hotchner, Frank Perry, and Frank Yablans from Christina's 1978 autobiography of the same name. The executive producers were Christina's husband, David Koontz, and Terry O'Neill, Dunaway's then-boyfriend and soon-to-be husband. The film was distributed by Paramount Pictures, the only one of the Big Eight film studios for which Crawford had never appeared in a feature film.
The film was a commercial failure, grossing just over $19 million in North America from a $10 million budget. Despite receiving mostly negative reviews from critics, the film's perceived bizarre script and highly charged acting, particularly Dunaway's, have brought a cult following to the film as an "unintentional comedy". It is often considered to be one of the worst films ever made. It was nominated for nine Razzies at the 2nd Golden Raspberry Awards, and won five, including Worst Picture.
Joan Crawford is a driven actress and compulsively clean housekeeper who tries to control the lives of those around her as tightly as she controls herself. To prepare to work at MGM Studios, she rises at 4:00 a.m., scrubbing her face and arms with soap and boiling water before plunging her face into a bowl of witch hazel and ice to close the pores. Helga, a new maid, thinks Joan's living room is spotless, but Joan finds a detail she overlooked and loses her temper.
Joan is in a relationship with Hollywood lawyer Gregg Savitt, but her career is on a downswing. Despite wanting a baby, she cannot get pregnant; seven pregnancies when she was married to actor Franchot Tone ended in miscarriages. When denied an application for adoption, she enlists Gregg's help to secure a baby. Joan adopts a girl, Christina, and then a boy, Christopher. Joan lavishes Christina with attention and luxuries such as an extravagant birthday party, but also enforces a code of denial and discipline. When Christina is showered with birthday gifts, Joan allows her to choose just one to keep and donates the rest to charity.
When Christina rebels against her mother, confrontations ensue. Joan beats Christina in a swimming pool race and laughs at her; when Christina reacts angrily, Joan becomes enraged and locks the child in the pool house. Later, when Joan discovers Christina wearing her makeup and imitating her, she takes offense and cuts off chunks of Christina's hair to punish her.
Joan resents Gregg's allegiance to studio boss Louis B. Mayer. Arguing with Gregg, she downs glasses of vodka and throws a drink in his face. When Gregg breaks up with her, she cuts him out of photos. When Mayer forces Joan to leave MGM after theater owners brand her "box-office poison", she hacks down her prized rose garden with a pair of gardening shears and an ax.
Joan finds Christina's expensive dresses hanging from wire hangers, which she despises and prohibits. Enraged, Joan yanks dresses from Christina's closet, throwing them all over her room, and beats Christina with the metal hanger as she squeals. Declaring that the sparkling clean bathroom floor is dirty, Joan throws cleaning powder all over it before striking Christina across the back with the can and wailing for someone to clean it.
Joan sends Christina to Chadwick School. Years later, when a teenage Christina is caught kissing a boy, Joan brings her home. Barbara Bennett, a reporter from Redbook, is there, writing a puff piece on Joan's home life. After Joan lies about Christina, saying she got expelled, Christina confronts her in front of the reporter. Joan slaps Christina twice in the face and Christina forces Joan to admit that she adopted her for publicity. The confrontation ends with Joan tackling Christina to the floor and strangling her. Christina thrashes around helplessly until Joan's live-in assistant and the reporter pull her away.
Joan sends Christina to Flintridge Sacred Heart Academy, where she is allowed no contact with the outside world. Joan marries Alfred Steele, CEO of Pepsi Cola, moves to New York City, and pressures him to go into debt to fund their lavish lifestyle. After his death, the Pepsi board of directors tries to force her to resign, but Joan threatens to publicly badmouth the product if they do not let her retain her position.
After graduating from Flintridge, Christina rents an apartment in Manhattan, and is acting in a soap opera. When Christina is hospitalized for an ovarian tumor, she is temporarily replaced on the show by her visibly drunk mother. Joan dies of cancer in 1977, and Christina and Christopher learn she has disinherited them both. Christopher says their mother has the last word, as usual; Christina says, "Does she?".
- Faye Dunaway as Joan Crawford
- Diana Scarwid as Christina Crawford (adult)
- Mara Hobel (Mara Boyd) as Christina Crawford (child)
- Steve Forrest as Gregg Savitt
- Howard Da Silva as Louis B. Mayer
- Rutanya Alda as Carol Ann
- Harry Goz as Alfred Steele
- Michael Edwards as Ted Gelber
- Jocelyn Brando as Barbara Bennett
- Priscilla Pointer as Margaret Lee Chadwick
- Xander Berkeley as Christopher Crawford
- Jeremy Scott Reinbolt as young Christopher
- Belita Moreno as Belinda Rosenberg
- Alice Nunn as Helga
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2020)
According to Dunaway, producer Frank Yablans promised her in the casting process that he wished to portray Joan Crawford in a more moderate way than she was portrayed in Christina Crawford's book. In securing the rights to the book, Christina's husband David Koontz was given an executive producer credit, though he had no experience producing films. Dunaway likewise demanded that her own husband, photographer Terry O'Neill, be given a producer credit so he could advocate for her on set. According to Yablans, the two husbands jostled over Dunaway's portrayal of Crawford: "I had two husbands to deal with, David driving me crazy that Faye was trying to sanitize Joan, and Terry worried we were pushing Faye too far and creating a monster."
In 2015, actress Rutanya Alda (Carol Ann) published a behind-the-scenes memoir, detailing the making of the film, The Mommie Dearest Diary: Carol Ann Tells All. In it, she describes the difficulty of working with Dunaway, whose method approach to playing Joan seemed to absorb her and make her difficult to the cast and crew. In an interview with the Bay Area Reporter, Alda stated, "People despised Faye...because she was rude to people. Everyone was on pins and needles when she worked, and relaxed when she didn't." Alda described the process of acting opposite Dunaway very unfavorably by claiming that she manipulated the director to deprive the other actors of screen time and required the members of the cast to turn their backs when not in the shot so she would have no audience. She also claimed that Dunaway was "out of control" while filming the scene where Joan attacks Christina (Diana Scarwid) in front of a reporter (Jocelyn Brando) and Carol Ann has to pull her off. Alda was hit hard in the chest and knocked over several times, while Brando, who was scripted to help Alda pull Dunaway off of Scarwid, refused to get near her for fear of being injured.
Roughly a month into release, Paramount realized the film was getting a reputation at the box office as an unintentional comedy and changed its advertising to reflect its new camp status, proclaiming, "Meet the biggest MOTHER of them all!"
Roger Ebert opened his one-star review with, "I can't imagine who would want to subject themselves to this movie," calling it "unremittingly depressing, not to any purpose of drama or entertainment, but just to depress. It left me feeling creepy."
Vincent Canby of The New York Times called it "an extremely strange movie" yet "a peculiarly engaging film, one that can go from the ridiculous to the sublime and back again within a single scene, sometimes within a single speech."
Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two and a half stars out of four and wrote, "'Mommie Dearest' isn't a bad film, it's more of an incomplete story," because the script "doesn't care enough to attempt a thoughtful answer to the most obvious question of all—why? Why did Joan Crawford punish her adopted daughter with beatings and isolation? Why did Joan Crawford force her adopted son to wear, in effect, a harness to strap him in bed? I don't think you can show such extraordinary behavior in a film about a famous person and not offer some answers. It's simply not responsible filmmaking, both intellectually and dramatically."
Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times wrote that Faye Dunaway "is a terrific Joan Crawford," but the film "plays like a limp parody of a bad Crawford movie. When Dunaway's Crawford, who's a seething volcano of emotions, finally erupts, the effect is laughable, rather than terrifying or pathetic, so pallid is the picture. 'Mommie Dearest' is at best campy, and at worst, merely plodding."
Pauline Kael declared that Faye Dunaway gave "a startling, ferocious performance," adding, "Dunaway brings off these camp horror scenes—howling 'No wire hangers!' and weeping while inflecting 'Tina, bring me the axe' with the beyond-the-crypt chest tones of a basso profundo—but she also invests the part with so much power and suffering that these scenes transcend camp."
Gary Arnold of The Washington Post wrote, "one doesn't envy screen writers obliged to hack a playable, coherent continuity out of the complicated chronology and simple-minded psychoanalysis that clogs the book. It's a booby-trapped source, and there are intermittent signs of both skill and wariness in the filmmakers ... But once the ugly stuff begins, all that methodical preparation and desire to be fair becomes meaningless. The movie is committed to a prolonged, exhibitionistic wallow and can't escape the trashy consequences."
Awards and honors
|Golden Raspberry Awards (1981)||Worst Picture||Frank Yablans||Won|
|Worst Director||Frank Perry||Nominated|
|Worst Actress||Faye Dunaway||Won[a]|
|Worst Supporting Actor||Steve Forrest||Won|
|Worst Supporting Actress||Rutanya Alda||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay||Frank Yablans, Frank Perry, Tracy Hotchner and Robert Getchell;
Based on the memoir by Christina Crawford
|Worst New Star||Mara Hobel||Nominated|
|Golden Raspberry Awards (1989)||Worst Picture of the Decade||Frank Yablans||Won|
|Worst Actress of the Decade||Faye Dunaway||Nominated|
|Worst New Star of the Decade||Diana Scarwid||Nominated|
|Golden Raspberry Awards (2004)||Worst "Drama" of Our First 25 Years||Nominated|
|National Society of Film Critics Awards||Best Actress||Faye Dunaway||Runner-up|
|New York Film Critics Circle Awards||Best Actress||Runner-up|
|Stinkers Bad Movie Awards||Worst Picture||Frank Yablans||Won|
|Worst Director||Frank Perry||Nominated|
|Worst Actress||Faye Dunaway||Won|
|Worst Supporting Actress||Diana Scarwid||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay||Robert Getchell, Tracy Hotchne, Frank Perry and Frank Yablans;
Based on the memoir by Christina Crawford
|Young Artist Awards||Best Motion Picture – Family Enjoyment||Nominated|
|Best Young Motion Picture Actress||Mara Hobel||Nominated|
Among retrospective reviews, Slant Magazine awarded the film four stars in the May 31, 2006 edition. Also, Dennis Price wrote, "Faye Dunaway portrays Joan Crawford in a likeness so chilling it's almost unnatural" in his assessment of the film for DVD Review. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 47% based on 47 reviews, with an average rating of 5.5/10. The website's critics consensus states: "Mommie Dearest certainly doesn't lack for conviction, and neither does Faye Dunaway's legendary performance as a wire-wielding monster; unfortunately, the movie is too campy and undisciplined to transcend guilty pleasure." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 55 out of 100, based on 13 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
Home media release
Mommie Dearest was released by Paramount Home Video on VHS in the 1990s. In 2006, a "Hollywood Royalty" bilingual Special Collector's Edition was released on DVD through Warner Home Video. Subsequent Blu-ray releases of the film have existed since 2017, facilitated through Paramount Pictures, while Amazon Prime and Paramount Plus both control the film's streaming format.
Christina Crawford, the writer of the memoir on which the film is based, had no involvement with the making of the film, and denounced the film as "grotesque" and a work of fiction, specifically stating that Joan never chopped down a tree with an ax, or beat her with a wire hanger as depicted in the film.
For decades, Dunaway was famously reluctant to discuss Mommie Dearest in interviews. In her 1997 autobiography, she only briefly mentions the film by stating that she wished that director Perry had had enough experience to see when actors needed to rein in their performances. In 2016, Dunaway expressed regret over taking the part and blamed it for causing a decline in her Hollywood career. She also claimed that the performance took a heavy emotional toll on her stating: "At night, I would go home to the house we had rented in Beverly Hills, and felt Crawford in the room with me, this tragic, haunted soul just hanging around...It was as if she couldn't rest."
The film is recognized by the American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2003: AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains:
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- Joan Crawford: "No wire hangers, ever!" – #72
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- "Domestic box office gross". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 4, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
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- QueenB. "MOMMIE DEAREST – Midnight Screening of 1981 Cult Classic! « Long-standing Beach Cinematheque". Lbcinema.org. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
- Gary Susman. "17 Things You Never Knew About 'Mommie Dearest'". Moviefone. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- Karina Longworth (September 16, 2016). "The Illusion of Perfection: A new diary tells the story of what happened when Faye Dunaway played Joan Crawford in Mommie Dearest". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- Leon Acord (December 4, 2015). "What's the Most Shocking Thing About Tell-All 'Mommie Dearest Diary'?". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- Karina Longworth (September 16, 2016). "The Illusion of Perfection:A new diary tells the story of what happened when Faye Dunaway played Joan Crawford in Mommie Dearest". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on May 30, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- Tara Aquino (February 21, 2016). "12 Over-the-Top Facts About Mommie Dearest". mentalfloss.com. Archived from the original on August 19, 2019. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- "Mommie Dearest Movie – The 80s Rewind". Fast-rewind.com. September 18, 1981. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- Stephen Schaefer (May 31, 2021). "Hedda Lettuce Serves Up Camp with 'Mommie Dearest' Anniversary Blu-ray". Boston Herald. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
- Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1981). "Mommie Dearest Movie Review". The Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
- "Review: ‘Mommie Dearest’" Archived December 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Variety. January 1, 1981
- Canby, Vincent (November 8, 1981). "'Mommie'— A Guilt-Edged Caricature". Archived May 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine The New York Times. D13.
- Siskel, Gene (September 25, 1981). "Answers are a crying need in 'Mommie'". Chicago Tribune. Section 4, p. 3.
- Thomas, Kevin (September 20, 1981). "Dunaway As Crawford In 'Mommie'". Los Angeles Times. Calendar, p. 27.
- Kael, Pauline (October 12, 1981). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. 150.
- Arnold, Gary (September 25, 1981). "Crawford's Legend". Archived April 3, 2019, at the Wayback Machine The Washington Post. C1, C10.
- "The Golden Raspberry Awards Previous Winners". razzies.com. Archived from the original on December 3, 1998. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- Maslin, Janet (January 5, 1982). "'Atlantic City' wins critics' prizes". The New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
- "Film Critics Pick 'Reds' Year's Best". Kentucky New Era. December 15, 1981. Retrieved December 28, 2017 – via Google News Archive.
- "Past Winners Database". August 15, 2007. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007.
- "3rd Youth In Film Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on April 2, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Mommie Dearest | Film Review". slantmagazine.com. Slant Magazine. May 30, 2006. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- "Mommie Dearest". DVDReview.com. August 14, 2001. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009.
- "Mommie Dearest (1981)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2022.
- "Mommie Dearest Reviews". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
- "Mommie dearest". www.worldcat.org. WorldCat. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
- Henderson, Eric. "DVD Review: Frank Perry's Mommie Dearest on Paramount Home Entertainment". www.slantmagazine.com. Slant Magazine. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
- Sigler, Gabriel. "Blu-ray review roundup: MOMMIE DEAREST, DEATH SCREAMS, ANOTHER 48 HOURS". badfeelingmag.com. Bad Feeling Magazine. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
- "Christina Crawford Interviews". Christina Crawford. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
- Faye Dunaway and Betsy Sharkey (1997). Looking For Gatsby: My Life, Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-671-67526-4
- Lis Mcneil (October 4, 2016). "Faye Dunaway Opens Up About Movies, Men, and the Problem with Mommie Dearest". People Magazine. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- Faye Dunaway Promotes 'Mommie Dearest' on Today Show '81. YouTube. August 7, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2017.[dead YouTube link]
- Faye Dunaway talks about Mommie Dearest. YouTube. July 23, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2017.[dead YouTube link]
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 13, 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2016.