Momo-class destroyer

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IJN Hinoki at Wuhan Taisho 12.jpg
Hinoki on patrol at Wuhan, China, 1923
Class overview
Preceded by: Isokaze class
Succeeded by: Enoki class
In commission: 28 February 1916 – 10 October 1944
Completed: 4
Lost: 1
Retired: 3
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
  • 835 long tons (848 t) normal,
  • 1,080 long tons (1,100 t) full load
  • 83.8 m (275 ft) pp,
  • 85.8 m (281 ft) overall
Beam: 7.7 m (25 ft)
Draught: 2.3 m (7.5 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft steam turbine, 4 heavy oil-fired boilers 16,700 ihp (12,500 kW)
Speed: 31.5 knots (58.3 km/h)
Range: 2,400 nautical miles (4,400 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
Complement: 110

The Momo-class destroyers (桃型駆逐艦, Momogata kuchikukan) were a class of four destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy.[1] As with the previous Kaba class, all were named after trees.


The Momo-class destroyers were designed as part of the first phase of the Hachi-Hachi Kantai program of the Imperial Japanese Navy, at the same time as the large Isokaze class. With the commissioning of the new high speed battleships Yamashiro and Ise, escort vessels with equally high speed and blue ocean capabilities were required. However, the Japanese Navy could not afford to build many large destroyers, so it was decided to split production between large "1st-class destroyers" (i.e. the Isokaze class) and new medium-sized "2nd class destroyers" (i.e. the Momo class).

Four vessels were built under the fiscal 1915 budget, with the order split between Maizuru Naval Arsenal and Sasebo Naval Arsenal.[2]


The Momo-class ships were a scaled-down version of the Isokaze class and retained many of the innovations introduced by that class: curved, rather than straight bow, torpedo tubes, geared turbines, and a single-caliber main battery.

Internally, the engines were heavy fuel oil-fired steam turbine engines. Two vessels (Hinoki and Yanagi) used Brown-Curtis turbine engines, and the other two (Momo and Kashi) used Japanese-designed geared turbine engines. The smaller engines gave a smaller rated power of 16,700 shp, which allowed only for a speed of 31.5 knots (58.3 km/h), and limited range due to high fuel consumption.

Armament was slightly less than the Isokaze class, with three instead of four QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I - IV guns, pedestal mounted along the centerline of the vessel, front, mid-ship and to the stern. The number of torpedoes was the same as the Isokaze (i.e. two triple launchers).

Operational history[edit]

The Momo-class destroyers were completed in time to serve in the very final stages of World War I. As the Japanese 15th Destroyer Flotilla under the cruiser Izumo, they were based at Malta from August 1917.[3] The Japanese fleet was nominally independent, but carried out operations under the direction of the Royal Navy command on Malta, primarily in escort operations for transport and troopship convoys and in anti-submarine warfare operations against German U-boats in the Mediterranean.[4]

Kashi was transferred to the Manchukuo Imperial Navy on 1 May 1937 and was renamed Hai Wei.[5] However, on 6 June 1942, Hai Wei was transferred back to the Imperial Japanese Navy, and reclassified as the auxiliary escort Kari. The ship fought in World War II, and was sunk by United States Navy aircraft from TF38 off of Okinawa on 10 October 1944.[6]

The remaining three vessels were retired on 1 April 1940 and broken up, except for Yanagi, which was retained as a training hulk until 1947. Yanagi hull was eventually used as part of the breakwater at Kitakyushu alongside the Suzutsuki.


Kanji Name Translation Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
Momo Peach Tree Sasebo Naval Arsenal, Japan 28 February 1916 12 October 1916 23 December 1916 BU 1 April 1940

Kashi Evergreen Oak Tree Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan 15 March 1916 1 December 1916 31 March 1917 Transferred to Manchukuo 1 May 1937 as Hai Wei
returned to IJN 29 June 1942 as Kaii, sunk by air attack off Okinawa 10 October 1944
Hinoki Japanese Cypress Tree Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan 5 May 1916 25 December 1916 31 March 1917 BU 1 May 1940
Yanagi Willow Tree Sasebo Naval Arsenal, Japan 21 October 1916 24 February 1917 5 May 1917 Retired 1 May 1940; training hulk to 1 April 1947

In film[edit]

In the 1958 World War II film Run Silent, Run Deep, Clark Gable's character is obsessed with sinking the Momo (it is actually a larger, far more dangerous Akikaze-type destroyer) that claimed his previous submarine.



  1. ^ Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945
  2. ^ Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
  3. ^
  4. ^ Halpern, Paul G (1994). A Naval History of World War I. Routledge. p. 393. ISBN 1-85728-498-4. 
  5. ^
  6. ^


  • Evans, David (1997). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 

External links[edit]