|Momordica cymbalaria fruits|
Luffa tuberosa (Roxb.)
Momordica cymbalaria (Hook., Fenzl ex Naud.) is a vine of the Momordica genus found in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. It is used in the local folk medicine as an abortifacient and for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. It is a relative of the bitter melon plant (M. charantia) which is also used against diabetes. The plant has also been named Luffa tuberosa (Roxb.) or Momordica tuberosa (Roxb.)
Pharmacological studies indicate possible action of extracts of the plant on several medical conditions. The water extract was reported to have hypoglycemic activity in diabetic rabbits but not in normal rabbits. The ethanol extract was reported to protect rats from isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury.
- Momordica charantia or bitter melon, a widely grown edible relative.
- Momordica balsamina or balsam apple.
- Momordica foetida an African relative.
- Momordica cochinchinensis or scarlet eggplant, a Vietnamese relative.
- Parvathi, S.; Kumar, V. J. F. (2002). "Studies on chemical composition and utilization of the wild edible vegetable athalakkai (Momordica tuberosa)". Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 57 (3/4): 215–222. doi:10.1023/A:1021884406024.
- Rao, B. K.; Kesavulu, M. M.; Giri, R.; Appa Rao, C. (1999). "Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic effects of Momordica cymbalaria Hook. Fruit powder in alloxan-diabetic rats". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 67 (1): 103–109. PMID 10616966. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(99)00004-5.
- K. Raju; R. Balaraman; Vinoth Hariprasad; M. Kumar & A. Ali (2008). "Cardioprotective Effect Of Momordica Cymbalaria Fenzl In Rats With Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Injury". Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2 (1): 699–705.
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