Monacha cartusiana

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Monacha cartusiana
Monacha cartusiana fg01.jpg
Two live individuals of Monacha cartusiana on a human hand
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Hygromiidae
Subfamily: Monachainae
Genus: Monacha
Species: M. cartusiana
Binomial name
Monacha cartusiana
(O. F. Müller, 1774)[2]

Helix cartusiana Müller, 1774

Monacha cartusiana is a species of small air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies.

This is the type species of the genus Monacha.


Monacha cartusiana

The native distribution of this species is Atlantic-Mediterranean.[3] It lives in various areas including:

This species has been accidentally introduced and naturalized in:

  • United States - Newcastle County, Delaware[6]

Life cycle[edit]

The size of the egg is 1.8 mm.[7]


  1. ^ IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <>. Downloaded on 4 October 2008.
  2. ^ Müller, O. F. 1774. Vermivm terrestrium et fluviatilium, seu animalium infusoriorum, helminthicorum, et testaceorum, non marinorum, succincta historia. Volumen alterum. pp. I-XXVI [= 1-36], 1-214, [1-10]. Havniae & Lipsiae. (Heineck & Faber).
  3. ^ (in Slovak) Lisický M. J. (1991). Mollusca Slovenska [The Slovak molluscs]. VEDA vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied, Bratislava, 344 pp.
  4. ^ Protection for wild animals on Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. website accessed 7 August 2009.
  5. ^ Balashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. 2012. An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine. Journal of Conchology. 41 (1): 91-109.
  6. ^ Robinson, D.G. & J. Slapcinsky. 2005. Recent introductions of alien land snails into North America. American Malacological Bulletin 20:89-93.
  7. ^ Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.