Monaco City

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Monaco City
Ward of Monaco
View of Monaco City
View of Monaco City
Nickname(s): The Rock
Location in Monaco
Location in Monaco
Monaco City is located in France
Monaco City
Monaco City
Location in relation to France
Coordinates: 43°43′51.24″N 7°25′26.76″E / 43.7309000°N 7.4241000°E / 43.7309000; 7.4241000Coordinates: 43°43′51.24″N 7°25′26.76″E / 43.7309000°N 7.4241000°E / 43.7309000; 7.4241000
Country  Monaco
Area
 • Land 0.196491 km2 (0.075866 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 975
 • Density 4,962/km2 (12,850/sq mi)

Monaco City (French: Monaco-Ville) is the southcentral Ward in the Principality of Monaco. Located on a headland that extends into the Mediterranean Sea, Monaco City is nicknamed The Rock (French: Le Rocher). The name "Monaco City" (French: Monaco-Ville) is misleading, Monaco City is an historical and statistical district, not a city.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Monaco City is one of the four traditional quarters (French: quartiers) of Monaco, the others are La Condamine, Monte Carlo, and Fontvieille.

Monaco-Ville is located at 43°44′15″N 7°24′55″E / 43.73750°N 7.41528°E / 43.73750; 7.41528 and has an estimated population of 975.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Monaco

Monaco City was originally called Monoikos, after the temple of Hercules Monoikos, located in a Phocaean Greeks colony of the sixth century. During its history, Monoikos passed hands numerous times. It became Monaco in the Middle Ages. Some of the city walls and original structures still remain.

In 1297, the Rock was seized by François Grimaldi, a member of the House of Grimaldi. The Grimaldis made the old fortress their residence. The fortress evolved into the Palais Princier, which is the official residence of Albert II, Prince of Monaco.

Landmarks[edit]

Despite being located in the middle of the City of Monaco, the world's most densely populated urban center, Monaco City remains a medieval village at heart, made up almost entirely of quiet pedestrian streets and marked by virtual silence after sundown. Though innumerable people visit Monaco City, and the palace square, only local vehicles are allowed up to the Rock, and gasoline-powered motorcycles are prohibited after 10 pm.

  • Palais Princier, the Prince's palace. The colorful changing of the guard occurs every day outside the Palais at 11:55 am.
  • Chapelle de la Misericorde, built in 1639, one of the oldest buildings in the principality. It is famous for being the starting point of a torchlit religious procession by local residents that takes place on the eve of Good Friday each year.

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "United-Nations data, country profile". Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Constitution of Monaco (art. 78): The territory of the Principality forms a single commune.". Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Fort Antoine". Visit Monaco - Fort Antoine. Visit Monaco. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Monaco-Ville at Wikimedia Commons