Monanthes is a genus of small, succulent, subtropical plants of the Crassulaceae family. The about ten species are mostly endemic to the Canary Islands and Savage Islands, with some found on Madeira. Its center of diversity is Tenerife, with seven species occurring on this island. On Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, only M. laxiflora occurs.
Species of Monanthes differ considerably in life- and growth-form. M. icterica, which is also genetically quite distant to other Monanthes species, is annual, while the other species are perennial.
Monanthes is a rare example where a species re-colonizes the continent from an island, after their ancestors have colonized the island from the continent.
- Monanthes anagensis
- Monanthes brachycaulos
- Monanthes icterica
- Monanthes laxiflora
- Monanthes lowei
- Monanthes minima
- Monanthes muralis
- Monanthes pallens
- Monanthes polyphylla
- Monanthes polyphylla amydros
- Monanthes polyphylla polyphylla
Monanthes is Greek for "single flower".
- Mes, T.H.M., Wijers, G.J. & Hart, H. (1997). Phylogenetic relationships in Monanthes (Crassulaceae) based on morphological, chloroplast and nuclear DNA variation. J. Evol. Biol. 10(2):193-216.
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