Monarchies in Asia

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Asia has more monarchs than any other continent.

National monarchies[edit]

State Type Succession Dynasty Title Image Incumbent Born Age Reigns since First-in-line
 Kingdom of Bahrain Mixed Hereditary Khalifa King Hamad-Bin-Isa-Al-Khalifa.jpg Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa 28 Jan 1950 67 y. 6 Mar 1999
(as emir)
14 Feb 2002
(as king)
heir apparent: Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain (eldest son)
 Kingdom of Bhutan Constitutional Hereditary Wangchuck King King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (edit).jpg Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck 21 Feb 1980 37 y. 14 Dec 2006 heir presumptive: Prince Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuck (younger brother)
 Brunei Darussalam Absolute Hereditary Bolkiah Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Negara Hassanal Bolkiah.jpg Hassanal Bolkiah 15 Jul 1946 70 y. 4 Oct 1967 heir apparent: Al-Muhtadee Billah, Crown Prince of Brunei (eldest son)
 Kingdom of Cambodia Constitutional Hereditary and elective Norodom King Norodom crop.jpg Norodom Sihamoni 14 May 1953 63 y. 14 Oct 2004 None; appointed by the Royal Council of the Throne within the Royal Family members
 Japan Constitutional Hereditary Yamato Emperor Emperor Akihito cropped 2 Barack Obama Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko 20140424 1.jpg Akihito 23 Dec 1933 83 y. 7 Jan 1989 heir apparent: Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
(eldest son)
 Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Constitutional Hereditary and elective Hashemite King The King of Jordan in 2013.jpg Abdullah II bin Al Hussein 30 Jan 1962 55 y. 7 Feb 1999 heir apparent: Hussein, Crown Prince of Jordan (eldest son)
 State of Kuwait Constitutional Hereditary and elective Sabah Emir Sheikh Sabah IV.jpg Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah 16 Jun 1929 87 y. 29 Jan 2006 heir presumptive: Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Crown Prince of Kuwait (younger half-brother; appointed by the reigning emir within the Royal Family members)
 Malaysia Constitutional Elected Long Senik Yang di-Pertuan Agong Sultan muhammad v kelantan.jpg Muhammad V 28 November 1927 47 y. 13 December 2016 None; appointed by the Conference of Rulers every five years or after the king's death
 Sultanate of Oman Absolute Hereditary Al Said Sultan QaboosBinSaidAlSaid.jpg Qaboos bin Said al Said 18 Nov 1940 76 y. 23 Jul 1970 None; the king has no children so the heir will be appointed by the Royal Family members after the king's death, if there is no consensus the king's preference (expressed in an official sealed letter) will prevail
 State of Qatar Mixed Hereditary Al Thani Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani 2014.jpg Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani 3 June 1980 36 y. 25 June 2013 None; will be appointed by the reigning emir within the Royal Family members
 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Absolute Hereditary and elective Saud King Prince Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud at the Pentagon April 2012.jpg Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud 31 Dec 1935 81 y. 23 Jan 2015 Heir apparent: Muhammad bin Nayef, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
 Kingdom of Thailand Constitutional Hereditary Chakri King HRH Vajiralongkorn (Cropped).jpg Vajiralongkorn Rama X 28 Jul 1952 64 y. 13 Oct 2016 Heir apparent: Dipangkorn Rasmijoti, Crown Prince of Thailand (only son)
 United Arab Emirates Mixed Hereditary and elective Al Nahyan President Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan-CROPPED.jpg Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan 25 Jan 1948 69 y. 3 Nov 2004 None; appointed by the seven emirs of UAE (normally the Emir of Abu Dhabi is always appointed as President, while the Emir of Dubai is always appointed as Prime Minister

Constituent monarchies[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

The United Arab Emirates consists of seven emirates that are all ruled by absolute monarchs. The President of the United Arab Emirates is an office held by the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the office of Prime Minister is held by the ruler of Dubai. The seven Emirates of the UAE are the;


Note: Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi of Ajman, Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla of Umm al-Quwain, Saqr bin Mohammad al-Qassimi of Ras al-Khaimah, and Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi of Fujairah are not pictured.


Malaysia, where the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Supreme Head of State) is elected to a five-year term. Nine hereditary rulers from the Malay States form a Council of Rulers who will determine the next Agong via a secret ballot. The position has to date, been de facto rotated through the State rulers, originally based on seniority. The nine Malay States are the;

The monarchy of Negeri Sembilan is itself elective.

Other subnational[edit]

 Indonesia is a republic, however several provinces or regencies preserves their own monarchy, although only Special Region of Yogyakarta that retain actual administrative authority, the rest only holds cultural significance.

See also[edit]