List of monarchs of Georgia

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King of Georgia
საქართველოს მეფე
Bagrationi dynasty Coat of Arms.png
George XII of Georgia.jpg
Details
First monarch Guaram I
Last monarch George XII
Formation 575
Abolition 1801[1]
Residence Armazi
Mtskheta
Artanuji (now in Turkey)
Kutaisi
Tbilisi
Gremi
Telavi
Pretender(s) Nugzar Bagrationi
David Bagrationi

This is a list of kings and queens of the kingdoms of Georgia under Bagrationi dynasty before Russian annexation in 1801–1810.

For more comprehensive lists, and family trees, of Georgian monarchs and rulers see Lists of Georgian monarchs.

Princes of Iberia[edit]

Persian and Byzantine conquest destroyed rule and replaced the hereditary king with a hereditary prince. In 580, the Persians abolished the Iberian monarchy and established the province of Iberia, allowing various princes to rule through the Principality of Iberia as governors of the Sasanids for the remainder of their domination of Iberia, up to the course of the 620s. With the dawn of the Arabs, the presiding princes regained power in 888, restoring kingship. The following is a list of those princes:

Unified Kingdom of Georgia

The eventual victors in Georgia were of the house of Bagrationi, who claimed descent from the earlier dynasty. This family would rule Georgia and all Georgian kingdoms until the Russians annexed all of Georgia in the early 19th century.

Kings of Iberia[edit]

Kings of the Kingdom of the Kartvels[edit]

Kings of unified Georgia (1008–1490)[edit]

In 1008, Bagrat, who had been King of Abkhazia (present-day Western Georgia) since 978, inherited from his father Gurgen the crown of Iberia (or Kartli, present-day Eastern Georgia). The two kingdoms united into what came to be known as the Kingdom of Georgia.

Name Portrait Title (s) Born Reign Marriage (s) Death Notes
Bagrat III the Unifier
(ბაგრატ III)
Bagrat III Unifier (crop).png King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, Kouropalates 960
Kutaisi
Son of Gurgen of Georgia and Gurandukht of Abkhazia
1008-1014 Martha
two children
7 May 1014
Tao
aged 53–54
Nephew of Theodosius III of Abkhazia. United for the first time all the territory of Georgia.
George I
(გიორგი I)
Skylitzes.George I of Georgia (Basil II vs Georgians-2).jpg King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli 998 or 1002
Son of Bagrat III and Martha
1014-1027 Mariam of Vaspurakan
c.1018 (annulled)
four children

Alda of Alania
one child
16 August 1027
Mqinwarni or Itaroni
aged 24–25 or 28-29
Mariam of Vaspurakan
(მარიამი)
Armenian:(Մարիամ)
(regent)
Mariam, Dowager Queen of Georgia (Khakhuli icon).jpg Dowager Queen of Georgia Before 1030s
Daughter of Senekerim-Hovhannes of Vaspurakan and Khushush
1027-1037 George I
c.1018 (annulled)
four children
After November 1072
aged at least 41-42
Negotiated a peace treaty with the Byzantine Empire, and returned with the high Byzantine title of curopalates for her son in 1032.
Bagrat IV
(ბაგრატ IV)
Bagrat iv.jpg King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, Kouropalates, Nobilissimus, Sebastos 1018
Son of George I and Mariam of Vaspurakan
1037-1072 Helena of Byzantium
1032
Kutaisi
no children

Borena of Alania
Between 1033 and 1040
three children
24 November 1072
Marabdani
aged 53–54
Demetrius of Anacopia
(დემეტრე)
(opponent)
Magistros After 1018
Son of George I
and Alda of Alania
1027-1042 Unknown
before 1042
at least one son
1042
aged less than 24
Opposed Bagrat IV. Supported by Dowager Queen Alda of Alania, the Byzantine Empire and the Liparitid clan.
George II
(გიორგი II)
Vie, deteils et peintures de l'eglise de Sion (B).jpg King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, Kouropalates, Nobilissimus, Sebastos, Caesar 1054
Son of Bagrat IV and Borena of Alania
1072-1089 Helena
c.1070
one child
1112
aged 57–58
Opposed his father in 1050-1053. Abdicated 1089.
David IV the Builder
(დავით IV აღმაშენებელი)
King David Aghmashenebeli.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Sword of the Messiah, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1073
Kutaisi
Son of George II and Helena
1089-1125 Rusudan of Armenia
c.1090
(annulled 1107)

four children?

Gurandukht of the Kipchaks
c.1107
four children?
24 January 1125
Tbilisi
aged 51–52
Demetrius I
(დემეტრე I)
Demetre I (Matskhvarishi).jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1093
Son of David IV and Rusudan of Armenia
1125-1154

1155-1156
Unknown
Before 1130
four children
1156
Mtskheta
aged 62–63
In 1154 was forced by his own son David to abducate and become a monk. With David's death months later, he was restored to the throne, but did not survive much longer.
David V
(დავით V)
Before 1130s
First son of Demetrius I
1154-1155 Unknown
Before 1130
at least one child
1155
aged at least 24-25
Revolted against his father in 1130. Forced him to abdicate, but died a few months later.
George III
(გიორგი III)
George III of Georgia.jpg Before 1130s
Second son of
Demetrius I
1155-1184 Burdukhan of Alania
c.1155
two children
27 March 1184
aged at least 53-54
His reign was part of what would be called the Georgian Golden Age - a historical period in the High Middle Ages, during which the Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its military power and development.
Demetrius of Georgia
(დემეტრე)
(opponent)
King of Georgia Before 1155
Son of David V
1177-1178 Unknown
before 1042
at least one son
After 1178
aged at least 23
Opposed George III. Supported by the Orbeli noble family.
Tamar Mepe the Great
(თამარ მეფე)
Tamar icon.jpg Shahanshah, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Queen of Abkhazia, Queen of Kartli, Queen of Kakheti and Hereti, Queen of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan c.1160
Daughter of
George III and Burdukhan of Alania
1184-1213 Yury Bogolyubsky
c.1185(annulled 1187)
no children

David Soslan
1189
two children
18 January 1213
Agarani
aged 52–53
Co-ruler with her father since 1178. Ruled in a period of political and military successes and cultural achievements, presiding the peak of the Georgian Golden Age.
George IV Lasha the Resplendent
(გიორგი IV ლაშა)
George IV of Georgia.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan c.1191
Son of David Soslan and Queen Tamar
1213-1223 Unmarried 18 January 1223
Bagavan
aged 31–32
Co-ruler with his mother since 1207. Continued the policy of his mother, but, at the end of his reign was defeated by a Mongol expedition.
Rusudan
(რუსუდან მეფე)
Coin of Queen Rusudan.jpg Autocrat of all the East and the West, Queen of Abkhazia, Queen of Kartli, Queen of Kakheti and Hereti, Queen of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1194
Daughter of David Soslan and Queen Tamar
1223-1245 Ghias ad-din
c.1223(annulled 1226)
two children
1245
Tbilisi
aged 50–51
Period marked by Mongol invasions of Georgia. The queen was forced to accept the sovereignty of the Mongol Khan in 1242, to pay an annual tribute and to support the Mongols with a Georgian army.
David VI Narin the Younger
(დავით VI ნარინი)
David VI Narin.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians 1225
Son of Ghias ad-din and Queen Rusudan
1245-1259

(From 1248 junior co-ruler of David VII)
Tamar Amanelisdze
before 1254
three children

Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina of Byzantium
1254
one child
1293
Tbilisi
aged 67–68
Co-ruler with his mother since 1230. Forced by the Mongols to share power with his cousin David VII (1248), he rose against Mongol domination (1259), but failed, and became restrained to an eastern kingdom, named Imereti, from 1259, where he ruled alone, passing it to his descendants.
David VII Ulu the Older
(დავით VII ულუ)
King David VII of Georgia. Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 2810.jpg 1215
Illegitimate son of George IV
1248-1259

(as senior co-ruler of David VI)
Jigda-Khatun
before 1252
no children

Altun of Alania
(in bigamy, repudiated 1252)
c.1249

Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
(in polygamy until 1252)
1250
one child

Esukan
1263
no children
1270
Tbilisi
aged 54–55
Co-ruler with his cousin until 1259. Forced by the Mongols to share power with his cousin David VI (1248), he rose against Mongol domination (1262), but failed. However, his negotiation of peace made him lord of the western part of the Georgian Kingdom, which kept the original name, Georgia.
Between 1259 and 1330, due to the consequences of the Mongol invasions, Imereti was ruled by distinct kings from the rest of Georgia. David VI and David VII, who had ruled together as vassals of the Mongols, now ruled distinct parts of the country. Imereti had a few more periods of independence, between 1387 and 1412 (during Timur's invasions of Georgia), and again between 1446 and 1452.

  Independent Kingdom of Imereti   Kingdom of Georgia (broken)   Periods of reuniting

David VI / I Narin the Younger
(დავით VI ნარინი)
David VI Narin.jpg King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians 1225
Son of Ghias ad-din and Queen Rusudan
1259-1293 Tamar Amanelisdze
before 1254
three children

Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina of Byzantium
1254
one child
1293
Tbilisi
aged 67–68
King of Imereti. Developed friendly relations with the Golden Horde and Bahri dynasty of Egypt, and repulsed the Ilkhanate attacks. Interfered in Trebizond's politics.
David VII Ulu the Older
(დავით VII ულუ)
King David VII of Georgia. Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 2810.jpg 1215
Illegitimate son of George IV
1259-1270 Jigda-Khatun
before 1252
no children

Altun of Alania
(in bigamy, repudiated 1252)
c.1249

Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
(in polygamy until 1252)
1250
one child

Esukan
1263
no children
1270
Tbilisi
aged 54–55
Had the remaining Georgia. A heavy burden of Mongol dominance led to a political and economic crisis in the kingdom.
Demetrius II Tavdadebuli the Devoted
(დემეტრე II თავდადებული)
Demetre II (crop) repaired.jpg 1259
First son of David VII and Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
1270-1289 Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1277
five children

Solghar of Mongolia
(in polygamy?)
Before 1280
three children

Natela Jaqeli
(in polygamy?)
1280
one child
12 March 1289
Movakani
aged 29–30
Criticized for his possible polygamy. Executed by the Great Khan.
Vakhtang II
(ვახტანგ II)
Before 1254
First son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1289-1292 Oljath Khan
1289
no children
1292
aged at least 37-38
Ascended in Georgia, with the consent of the Mongols. Named II after Vakhtang I of Iberia.
Constantine I
(კონსტანტინე I)
Constantine I and Michael I, kings of Imeretia (Gelati fresco).jpg Before 1254
Second son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1293-1327 unknown
Before 1327
no children
1327
aged at least 72-73
Unlike his eastern Georgian counterparts, Constantine remained independent from the Ilkhanid hegemony. However, his troubled reign was marked by the opposition of his brother, Michael.
David VIII
(დავით VIII)
1273
First son of Demetre II and Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1292-1311
(from 1299 with opposition of George V and Vakhtang III)
Oljath Khan
1291
no children

Unknown, from Surameli family
1302
one child
1311
aged 37–38
Refused to submit to the orders of the Mongols, and between 1299-1308 he had his own brothers as kings against him, supported by the Mongol Khan.
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
(გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე)
(opponent)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1299-1302 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Opposed David VIII. Supported by the Mongols.
Vakhtang III
(ვახტანგ III)
(opponent)
Vakhtang III relief.jpg 1276
Second son of Demetre II and Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1302-1308 Ripsime
before 1308
two children
1308
aged 31–32
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
(გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე)
(regent)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1311-1313 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Named regent for his nephew, George VI.
George VI Mtesire the Minor
(გიორგი VI მცირე )
c.1302
Son of David VIII
1311-1313
(under regency of George V )
Unmarried 1313
aged 10–11
Under regency of his uncle, George V. Died as a minor.
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
(გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1313-1330 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Ascended as king after the death of his nephew. Reunited Georgia in 1330
Michael I
(მიქელ I)
Constantine I and Michael I, kings of Imeretia (Gelati fresco).jpg Before 1254
Third son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1327-1329 unknown
Before 1329
one child
1329
aged at least 74-75
Opposed his brother, Constantine I. Sought to resubjugate to the crown the great nobles and provincial dynasts who had asserted greater autonomy for themselves in the reign of Constantine I.
Bagrat I Mtesire the Minor
(ბაგრატ I მცირე)
Before 1329
Son of Michael I
1329-1330 Unknown, a daughter of Qvarqare II Jaqeli
1358
three children
1372
aged at least 74-75
Still a minor, was deposed by George V the Magnificent.
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
(გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე)
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1330-1346 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
A flexible and far-sighted politician, he recovered Georgia from a century-long Mongol domination, restoring the country’s previous strength and Christian culture.
David IX
(დავით IX)
Before 1346
Son of George V
1346-1360 Sindukhtar
before 1360
two children
1360
aged at least 13-14
The prosperity of the kingdom did not last, as the Black Death swept through the area in 1348.
Bagrat V Didi the Great
(ბაგრატ V დიდი)
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti Before 1360
Son of George V
1360-1387

1392-1393
Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
before 1366
two children

Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
June 1366
one child
1393
aged at least 32-33
A fair and popular ruler, was imprisoned by the Golden Horde. Agreed to convert from Christianity and become Muslim.
Bagrat V Didi the Great
(ბაგრატ V დიდი)
Before 1360
Son of George V
1387-1392 Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
before 1366
two children

Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
June 1366
one child
1393
aged at least 32-33
In 1387, ruler only of the eastern part of Georgia.
Alexander I
(ალექსანდრე I)
After 1358
First son of Bagrat I
1387-1389 Anna Orbeliani
Before 1389
two children
1389
aged not more than 30-31
Still a minor, was deposed by George V the Magnificent.
George I
(გიორგი I)
After 1358
Second son of Bagrat I
1389-1392 Unmarried 1392
aged not more than 33-34
In 1392 Imereti is reannexed to Georgia.
George VII
(გიორგი VII)
Before 1366
Son of Bagrat V and Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1393-1396 Unmarried 1407
aged at least 40-41
Loses Imereti again in 1396.
George VII
(გიორგი VII)
Before 1366
Son of Bagrat V and Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1396-1407 Unmarried 1407
aged at least 40-41
Constantine II
(კონსტანტინე II)
After 1358
Second son of Bagrat I
1396-1401 Unmarried 1401
aged not more than 42-43
In 1396, Constantine took advantage of George VII's continuous war with Timur—in which a great number of Imeretians died—and the death of Vameq Dadiani and returned to Imereti.
Constantine I
(კონსტანტინე I)
Constantine I relief.jpg c.1366
Son of Bagrat V and Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1407-1412 Natia Amirejibi
c.1389
three children
1412
aged 45–46
Demetrius I
(დემეტრე I)
Before 1389
Son of Alexander I and Anna Orbeliani
1401-1412 Unknown
Before 1445
no children
1445
aged at least 55-56
From 1412 accepts suzerainty from Georgia and rules as duke.
Alexander I Didi the Great
(ალექსანდრე I დიდი)
Alexander I of Georgia (Nabakhtevi fresco).jpg 1386
Son of Constantine I and Natia Amirejibi
1412-1442 Dulandukht Orbeliani
c.1411
three children

Tamar of Imereti
c.1414
three children
27 August 1445 or 7 March 1446
aged 58–59-60
Regains Imereti in 1412. Despite his efforts to restore the country from the ruins left by the Turco-Mongol warlord Timur's invasions, Georgia never recovered and faced the inevitable fragmentation that was followed by a long period of stagnation. He was the last ruler of a united Georgia which was relatively free from foreign domination. Abdicated.
Vakhtang IV
(ვახტანგ IV)
1413
Son of Alexander I and Dulandukht Orbeliani
1442-1446 Sitikhatun Panaskerteli-Tsitsishvili
c.1442
no children
December 1446
aged 32–33
George VIII
(გიორგი VIII)
George VIII of Georgia charter 1460-2.jpg 1417
Son of Alexander I and Tamar of Imereti
1446-1465 Tamar
1445
five children?
Nestan-Darejan
1456
five children?
1476
aged 58–59

Kings of Kartli, Kakheti, and Imereti (1490–1762)[edit]

In 1490, after several decades of dynastic infighting, a national council agreed on the division of the Kingdom of Georgia into three kingdoms.[citation needed] The Kings of Georgia retained the largest portion of the divided kingdom which reverted to its old name of Kartli. Imereti and Kakheti emerged as the other two Bagrationi kingdoms created out of the division.

  • Bagrat VI (r.1465-1478), reigned in Kartli and Imereti
Imereti Kartli Kakheti
Picture Name Picture Name Picture Name
Alexander II of Imereti.JPG Alexander II
1478–1510
Son of Bagrat VI
Titled "King of Georgia" between 1478 and 1483 (in concurrence with his rival Constantine II)
Constantine II of Kakheti.jpg Constantine II
1478–1505
Son of Demetrius III
Titled "King of Georgia" between 1478 and 1490, King of Kartli between 1490 and 1505
Alexander I
1476–1511
Son of George VIII of Georgia, who reigned in Kakheti as George I between 1465 and 1476
David II of Kakheti.jpg David X
1505–1525
Son of Constantine II
Bagrat-III.gif Bagrat III
1510–1565
Son of Alexander II
George II "the Wicked"
1511–1513
Son of Alexander I
Annexed by Kartli between 1513 and 1520
Levan I of Kakheti.jpg Levan (or Leon)
1520–1574
Son of George II
George IX
1525–1527 (or 1534)
Son of Constantine II, brother of David X
Luarsab I
1527–1556 (or 1534–1558)
Son of David X, nephew of George IX
Simon I of Kartli.JPG Simon I
1556 (or 1558)–1569
Son of Luarsab I
First reign
George II of Imereti.jpg George II
1565–1585
Son of Bagrat III
Erekle I of Kakheti.jpg David XI (Daud Khan)
1569–1578
Son of Luarsab I, brother of Simon I
Kakheti-Aleksandri II.gif Alexander II
1574–1601
Son of Levan
First reign
Simon I of Kartli.JPG Simon I
1578–1599
Son of Luarsab I
Second reign
Leon (or Levan)
1585–1588
Son of George II
Rostom
1588–1589
Grandson of Bagrat III, cousin of Leon
First reign
Bagrat IV
1589–1590
Great-grandson of Alexander II
Rostom
1590–1605
Grandson of Bagrat III, cousin of Leon
Second reign
George III of Imereti by Teramo Castelli.gif George X
1599–1606
Son of Simon I
David I
1601–1602
Son of Alexander II
Kakheti-Aleksandri II.gif Alexander II
1602–1605
Son of Levan, Father of David I
Second reign
Constantine I (Constantine Khan)
1605
Son of Alexander II
George III
1605–1639
Brother of Rostom
KingLuarsab.jpg Luarsab II
1606–1615
Son of George X
TeimurazIBagrationi new.jpg Teimuraz I (also known as Tahmuras Khan)
1605–1648
Son of David I
Deposed by the Persians between 1616 and 1625, and 1633 and 1634, during which years Kakheti was under Persian governorship.
Bagrat VII (Bagrat Khan)
1615–1619
Son of David XI (Daud Khan)
Simon II (Semayun Khan)
1619–1630
Son of Bagrat VII (Bagrat Khan)
Kartli part of Teimuraz's Kingdom of Kakheti between 1630 and 1634
Rostom of Kartli.jpg Rostom (Rustam Khan)
1633–1658
Son of David XI (Daud Khan)
Aleksandre III of Imereti.JPG Alexander III
1639–1660
Son of George III
Annexed by Kartli between 1648 and 1656, then under direct Persian rule until 1664.
Bagrat V
1660 (March–September)
Son of Alexander III
First reign
Vakhtang V (Shah-Nawaz Khan)
1658–1675
Adoptive son of Rostom, born Bagration-Mukhrani
Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili
1660–1661
Lover of the Queen Dowager Nestan Darejan
First reign
Archil of Imereti.JPG Archil
1661–1663
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
First reign
Demetrius of Guria
1663–1664
Duke of Guria, briefly in power of all Imereti
Bagrat V
1664–1668
Son of Alexander III
Second reign
Archil of Imereti.JPG Archil
1664–1675
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili
1668
Lover of the Queen Dowager Nestan Darejan
Second reign
Bagrat V
1668–1678
Son of Alexander III
Third reign
Archil of Imereti.JPG Archil
1678–1679
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Second reign
George XI of Kartli.png George XI (Shah-Nawaz Khan II, Gurgin Khan)
1675–1688
Son of Vakhtang V
First reign
Erekle i.jpg Heraclius I (Erekle I, Nazar Alī Khān)
1675–1676
Grandson of Teimuraz I
First reign
Bagrat V
1679–1681
Son of Alexander III
Fourth reign
Under direct Persian administration between 1676 and 1703
George IV (Gurieli)
1681–1683
Prince of Guria, seized the crown of Imereti
Alexander IV
1683–1690
Son of Bagrat V
First reign
Erekle i.jpg Heraclius I (Erekle I, Nazar Alī Khān)
1688–1703
Grandson of Teimuraz I of Kakheti
Archil of Imereti.JPG Archil
1690–1691
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Third reign
Alexander IV
1691–1695
Son of Bagrat V
Second reign
Archil of Imereti.JPG Archil
1695–1696
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Fourth reign
George V
1696–1698
Put on the throne by the powerful Giorgi-Malakia Abashidze
Archil of Imereti.JPG Archil
1698–1699
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Fifth reign
Simon
1699–1701
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
Mamia (Gurieli, "the Great", "the Black")
1701–1702
Prince of Guria, son of George IV
First reign
George VI
1702–1707
Prince Giorgi-Malakia Abashidze
George XI of Kartli.png George XI (Shah-Nawaz Khan II)
1703–1709
Son of Vakhtang V
Second reign
1708. დავით II-ს წყალობის განახლების სიგელი.jpg David II (Imām Qulī Khān)
1703–1720
Son of Heraclius I
George VII
1707–1711
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
First reign
Kaikhosro
1709–1711
Grandson of Vakhtang V, nephew of George XI
Mamia (Gurieli, "the Great", "the Black")
1711–1712
Prince of Guria, son of George IV
Second reign
Interregnum, regency (actually since 1703) of the future Vakhtang VI
George VII
1712–1713
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
Second reign
Mamia (Gurieli, "the Great", "the Black")
1713–1714
Prince of Guria, son of George IV
Third reign
George VII
1714–1720
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
Third reign
Exiled between 1716 and 1719, regency of the Abashidze family
Jesse (Ali-Quli Khan, Mustafa Pasha)
1714–1716
Grandson of Vakhtang V, brother of Kaikhosro
First reign
Vakhtang VI of Kartli (Eastern Georgia).jpg Vakhtang VI ("the Scholar", "the Lawgiver", Ḥosaynqolī Khan)
1716–1724
Grandson of Vakhtang V, brother of Kaikhosro and Jesse
George VIII (Gurieli)
1720
Prince of Guria, son of Mamia
Alexander V
1720–1741
Son of George VII
First reign
Constantine II (Mahmād Qulī Khān)
1722–1732
Son of Heraclius I
Jesse (Ali-Quli Khan, Mustafa Pasha)
1724–1727
Grandson of Vakhtang V, brother of Kaikhosro
Second reign
Direct administration by the Ottoman Empire (1727–1735), then by the Persian Empire (1735–1744)
Vinogradov. Portrait of King Teimuraz II of Georgia. 1761.jpg Teimuraz II
1732–1744
Son of Constantine II
George IX
1741–1742
Son of George VII, brother of Alexander V
Alexander V
1742–1752
Son of George VII, brother of George IX
Second reign
Vinogradov. Portrait of King Teimuraz II of Georgia. 1761.jpg Teimuraz II
1744–1762
King of Kakheti (1732–1744), son of Constantine II of Kakheti
Heraclius II of Eastern Georgia.jpg Heraclius II (or Erekle II)
1744–1762
Son of Teimuraz II
Solomon I of Imereti.jpg Solomon I
1752–1766
Son of Alexander V
First reign

Kings of Kartli-Kakheti and Imereti (1762–1810)[edit]

The process of unification of Kartli and Kakheti was initiated in 1744, when Teimuraz II of Kakheti was confirmed as King of Kartli by the Persians, and left Kakheti to his son Heraclius II. It was fulfilled in 1762, when Teimuraz II died, and Heraclius joined the two crowns. The Russian southward expansion would however cut short this evolution; Kartli-Kakheti became a Russian protectorate in 1783 by the Treaty of Georgievsk, and was annexed in 1801 following the death of George XII. Imereti kept its independence a few years longer, until 1810.

Imereti Kartli-Kakheti
Picture Name Picture Name
Solomon I of Imereti.jpg Solomon I
1752–1766
Son of Alexander V
First reign
Heraclius II of Eastern Georgia.jpg Heraclius II (or Erekle II)
1762–1798
Son of Teimuraz II
Teimuraz
1766–1768
Grandson of George VII, cousin of Solomon I
Solomon I of Imereti.jpg Solomon I
1768–1784
Son of Alexander V
Second reign
David II
1784–1789
Son of George IX
First reign
King Solomon II of Imereti Georgia.jpg Solomon II (David-Salomon)
1789–1790
Nephew of Solomon I
First reign
David II
1790–1792
Son of George IX
Second reign
King Solomon II of Imereti Georgia.jpg Solomon II (David-Salomon)
1792–1810
Nephew of Solomon I
Second reign
George XII of Georgia.jpg George XII
1798–1800
Son of Heraclius II
After George XII's death, and before Prince David could ascend the throne, Russia fully integrated Kartli-Kakheti into the Empire and abolished the monarchy. Imereti would be similarly annexed in 1810, as Solomon II was deposed.

Many members of the Bagrationi dynasty were forced to flee the country and live in exile after the Red Army took control of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1921 and installed the Georgian Communist Party. Since Georgia regained independence in 1990 the dynasty have raised their profile, and in 2008 the two rival branches were united in marriage.[2]

Timeline of Georgian monarchs[edit]

Bagrationi dynasty Chosroid Dynasty Arsacid dynasty of Iberia Pharnabazid Dynasty

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ended by Russia's annexation
  2. ^ The Bagrationi (Bagration) Dynasty History