From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Monardella hypoleuca ssp lanata 3.jpg
Monardella hypoleuca ssp. lanata
Scientific classification

  • Madronella Greene

Monardella is a genus of approximately 40 species of annual and perennial plants native to western North America from British Columbia to northwestern Mexico.[1][2][3] They are grown for their highly aromatic foliage, which in some species is used for herbal teas. The two-lipped, tubular flowers are formed in terminal clusters and are most usually red, pink, or purple.[4]

Plants in this genus are commonly known as wildmints, coyote mints or monardellas.

  1. Monardella arizonica Epling - Arizona
  2. Monardella australis Abrams - southern California
  3. Monardella beneolens Shevock, Ertter & Jokerst - southern California
  4. Monardella boydii A.C.Sanders & Elvin - southern California
  5. Monardella breweri A.Gray - California, Nevada, Arizona, Baja California
  6. Monardella candicans Benth. - San Joaquín Valley of California
  7. Monardella douglasii Benth. - San Francisco Bay area of California
  8. Monardella eplingii Elvin et al.[5] - Arizona
  9. Monardella eremicola A.C.Sanders & Elvin - southern California
  10. Monardella exilis (A.Gray) Greene - southern California, Arizona
  11. Monardella follettii (Jeps.) Jokerst - northern Sierra Nevada in California
  12. Monardella hypoleuca A.Gray - southern California, Baja California
  13. Monardella lagunensis M.E.Jones - Baja California Sur
  14. Monardella leucocephala A.Gray - Merced & Stanislaus counties in California but believed to be extinct
  15. Monardella linoides A.Gray - California, Arizona, Nevada, Baja California
  16. Monardella macrantha A.Gray - California, Baja California
  17. Monardella mojavensis Elvin & A.C.Sanders - Mohave Desert of southeastern California & southern Nevada
  18. Monardella nana A.Gray - California, Baja California
  19. Monardella odoratissima Benth. - mountain wildmint, mountain coyote mint or mountain pennyroyal - much of western North America from British Columbia south to southern California & New Mexico
  20. Monardella palmeri A.Gray - Santa Lucia Mountains of west-central California
  21. Monardella pringlei A.Gray - Mohave Desert of southeastern California but believed to be extinct
  22. Monardella purpurea Howell - Oregon, California
  23. Monardella robisonii Epling ex Munz - Mohave Desert of southeastern California
  24. Monardella saxicola I.M.Johnst. - southeastern California
  25. Monardella sheltonii Torr. ex Durand - Oregon, California
  26. Monardella sinuata Elvin & A.C.Sanders - coastal central California
  27. Monardella siskiyouensis Hardham - northern California
  28. Monardella stebbinsii Hardham & Bartel - Plumas County in northern California
  29. Monardella stoneana Elvin & A.C.Sanders - San Diego County in California, Baja California
  30. Monardella × subglabra (Hoover) Hardham - California (M. purpurea × M. villosa)
  31. Monardella thymifolia Greene - Cedros Island in Baja California
  32. Monardella undulata Benth. - coastal central California
  33. Monardella venosa (Torr.) A.C.Sanders & Elvin - central California
  34. Monardella villosa Benth. - (common) coyote mint - Oregon, California
  35. Monardella viminea Greene - San Diego County in southern California
  36. Monardella viridis Jeps. - northern San Francisco Bay area of California (Sonoma, Napa, Solano, & Lake Counties)

Horticulture and ecology[edit]

Most like a sunny, sharply drained site and can be attractive in a rock garden or pot in the alpine house if smaller species are selected. The taller ones can be used at the front of a dry sunny border. They have reasonable frost resistance, but resent dampness in winter. Propagate from seed or summer cuttings of perennial species, or by division of clumps.

Monardella is a nectar plant for many Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), including the endangered Myrtle's silverspot (Speyeria zerene myrtleae).

Several species are rare California endemics; two, the Merced monardella (M. leucocephala) and Pringle's monardella (M. pringlei), have not been seen in many decades and are presumed extinct.[6][7]


External links[edit]