Monastery of San Nicolò l'Arena

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Benedictine Monastery of San Nicolò l'Arena now hosts the Department of Humanities of the University of Catania.

The Benedictine Monastery of San Nicolò l'Arena in Catania, Sicily, is one of the largest monasteries in Europe and a UNESCO World Heritage Site[1] (as a part of Val di Noto World Heritage Site). It is the second biggest benedectine monastery in Europe (the biggest one is in Mafra)

The Marble Cloister corresponds to the original square plan of the monastery founded in 1558

The monastery was founded in 1558[2] and today it hosts the Department of Humanities of the University of Catania.

Catania and the monastery surrounded by the lava during the 1669 eruption in Giacinto Platania's fresco.

The monastery complex is located in the historical centre of the city of Catania, with the church of San Nicolò l'Arena. It shows architectonical integration of many styles through different centuries. Although the monastery was founded in the 16th century, it was modified by two natural disasters in the 17th century. In 1669 the Etna eruption surrounded the city of Catania, widening the coast for more than 1 km, and the monastery too. So the monastery was not destroyed by the lava but the area around was completely modified by a lava bench 12 meters high.

In 1693 the earthquake of Val di Noto destroyed the entire east coast of Sicily and Catania. The monastery was terribly damaged and the only floor that survived was the basement.

In 1702 the rebuilding started and lasted until 1866 (when the new Reign of Italy confiscated the monastery). The original monastery was rebuilt on the top of the latter, and they added a new cloister (the eastern cloister) and a new area (the large part designed by Giovanni Battista Vaccarini) on the top of the lava bench.

"Red Hall" - Antonino Leonardi

In 1977 the monastery was donated to the University of Catania, which restored the entire structure; in 1984 Giancarlo De Carlo started to design the entire restoration work.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Monastero dei Benedettini, Catania". www.monasterodeibenedettini.it. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
  2. ^ "History - Monastero dei Benedettini, Catania". www.monasterodeibenedettini.it. Retrieved 2015-06-22.

Coordinates: 37°30′15″N 15°04′47″E / 37.5042°N 15.0797°E / 37.5042; 15.0797