Monastery of the Temptation
|Monastery of the Temptation|
|Affiliation||Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem|
|Location||Jericho Governorate, West Bank, Palestine|
|Geographic coordinates||31°52′29″N 35°25′56″E / 31.87472°N 35.43222°ECoordinates: 31°52′29″N 35°25′56″E / 31.87472°N 35.43222°E|
The Monastery of the Temptation (Greek: Μοναστήρι του Πειρασμού, Monastḗri tou Peirasmoú; Arabic: دير القرنطل, Deir al-Quruntul; Hebrew: דיר אל-קרנטל) is a Greek Orthodox monastery located in Jericho, Palestine. It was built on the slopes of the Mount of Temptation 350 meters above sea level, situated along a cliff overlooking the city of Jericho and the Jordan Valley. Its most ancient structures date back to the 6th century, having been built above the cave traditionally said to be that where Jesus spent forty days and forty nights fasting and meditating while he was tempted by Satan.
It currently serves as a tourist attraction and its land is under the full jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority, while the monastery is owned and managed by the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
A fortress built by the Seleucids called "Doq" stood at the summit of the mountain. It was captured by the Hasmoneans and it was here that Simon Maccabaeus was murdered by his son-in-law Ptolemy.
The earliest monastery was constructed by the Byzantines in the 6th century CE above the cave traditionally said to be that where Jesus spent forty days and forty nights fasting and meditating during the temptation of Satan, about three kilometers northwest of Jericho. The monastery receives its name from the mountain which the early Christians referred to as the "Mount of the Temptation". The Mount of Temptation was identified by Augusta Helena of Constantinople as one of the "holy sites" in her pilgrimage in 326 CE.
Early Muslim period
Palestine, including Jericho, was conquered by the Arabs under the Islamic Caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab in the 630s.
When the Crusaders conquered the area in 1099, they built two churches on the site: one in a cave halfway up the cliff and a second on the summit. They referred to the site as Mons Quarantana (compare with quarante in modern French and quaranta in modern Italian, both meaning forty, the number of days in the Gospel account of Jesus's fast).
Late Ottoman period
The land upon which the modern monastery was built was purchased by the Orthodox Church in 1874. In 1895, the monastery was constructed around a crude cave chapel that marks the stone where Jesus sat during his fast.
The Orthodox Church, along with its Palestinian Orthodox followers purchaser,[dubious ] originally attempted to build a church at the summit, but were unsuccessful; the unfinished walls of that church are located on a slope above the monastery.
In 1998, a cable car was built from Jericho's Tell es-Sultan to the level of the monastery by an Austrian-Swiss company as a tourist attraction for the year 2000.
As of 2002, three Orthodox monks were dwelling in the monastery and were guiding visitors to the site.
At present there is a restaurant, a café, and a souvenir shop at the monastery entrance for the tourists.
- ^ a b c d Lee, 2002, p. 346.
- ^ a b Matt 4:11–1
- ^ a b c Deir Quruntal & the Monastery of Temptation Visit Palestine.
- ^ a b c d Jacobs, 1998, pp. 425–426.
- ^ a b Jericho – Monastery of Temptation (Quarantal Monastery) Flickr.
- ^ Jericho cable car
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Vol. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. (pp. 201-3)
- Guérin, V. (1874). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). Vol. 2: Samarie, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale. (pp. 41-5)
- Jacobs, Daniel. Eber, Shirley. (1998) Israel and the Palestinian Territories Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-248-9
- Lee, Risha Kim. (2002) Let's Go 2003 Israel and the Palestinian territories Let's Go Incorporate. ISBN 0-312-30580-X
- Pringle, D. (1993). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A-K (excluding Acre and Jerusalem). Vol. I. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-39036-2. (pp. 252-258)
- Monastery of the Temptation Archived 2018-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, seetheholyland.net
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 18: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Greek Orthodoxy in the State of Palestine
- Churches completed in 1895
- Greek Orthodox monasteries
- Christian monasteries in the West Bank
- 19th-century Christian monasteries
- Buildings and structures in Jericho
- 6th-century religious buildings and structures
- 6th-century establishments in Asia
- Temptation of Christ