Monastery of the Temptation

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Monastery of the Temptation
دير القرنطل
Monastery of the Temptation (Jeriho).jpg
The Monastery of the Temptation located on the cliffs overlooking Jericho.
Religion
AffiliationGreek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem
Location
LocationJericho Governorate, West Bank, Palestine
Palestine grid1909/1422
Geographic coordinates31°52′29″N 35°25′56″E / 31.87472°N 35.43222°E / 31.87472; 35.43222Coordinates: 31°52′29″N 35°25′56″E / 31.87472°N 35.43222°E / 31.87472; 35.43222

The Monastery of the Temptation (Greek: Μοναστήρι του Πειρασμού, Arabic: دير القرنطلDeir al-Quruntal) is a Greek Orthodox monastery located in Jericho, Palestine. It was built on the slopes of the Mount of Temptation 350 meters above sea level, situated along a cliff overlooking the city of Jericho and the Jordan Valley.

It currently serves as a tourist attraction and its land is under the full jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority, although the monastery is owned and managed by the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem.[1]

History[edit]

Hellenistic period[edit]

A fortress built by the Seleucids called "Doq" stood at the summit of the mountain. It was captured by the Hasmoneans and it was here that Simon Maccabaeus was murdered by his son-in-law Ptolemy.[2]

Byzantine period[edit]

The earliest monastery was constructed by the Byzantines in the 6th century CE above the cave traditionally said to be that where Jesus spent forty days and forty nights fasting and meditating during the temptation of Satan,[3][4] about three kilometers northwest of Jericho. The monastery receives its name from the mountain which the early Christians referred to as the "Mount of the Temptation". The Mount of Temptation was identified by Augusta Helena of Constantinople as one of the "holy sites" in her pilgrimage in 326 CE.[5]

Early Muslim period[edit]

Palestine, including Jericho, was conquered by the Arabs under the Islamic Caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab in the 630s.

Crusader period[edit]

When the Crusaders conquered the area in 1099, they built two churches on the site: one in a cave halfway up the cliff and a second on the summit.[1] They referred to the site as "Mons Quarantana" (from Quaranta meaning forty in Italian, the number of days in the Gospel account of Jesus's fast).[5][2]

Late Ottoman period[edit]

The land upon which the modern monastery was built was purchased by the Orthodox Church in 1874. In 1895, the monastery was constructed around a crude cave chapel that marks the stone where Jesus sat during his fast.[1][3][2]

The Orthodox Church, along with its Palestinian Orthodox followers purchaser,[dubious ] originally attempted to build a church at the summit, but were unsuccessful; the unfinished walls of that church are located on a slope above the monastery.[2]

Palestinian Authonomy[edit]

As of 2002, three Orthodox monks were dwelling in the monastery and were guiding visitors to the site.[3]

In 1998, a cable car was built from Jericho's Tell es-Sultan to the level of the monastery by an Austrian-Swiss company as a tourist attraction for the year 2000.[6] At present there is a restaurant, a cafe and a souvenir shop at the monastery entrance for the tourists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Deir Quruntal & the Monastery of Temptation Visit Palestine.
  2. ^ a b c d Jacobs, 1998, pp. 425–426.
  3. ^ a b c Lee, 2002, p. 346.
  4. ^ Matt 4:11–1
  5. ^ a b Jericho – Monastery of Temptation (Quarantal Monastery) Flickr.
  6. ^ Jericho cable car

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]