Monastir, Tunisia

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Monastir

منستير
Monastir from the ribat's tower
Monastir from the ribat's tower
Official seal of Monastir
Seal
Monastir from space
Monastir from space
Monastir is located in Tunisia
Monastir
Monastir
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°46′10″N 10°49′10″E / 35.76944°N 10.81944°E / 35.76944; 10.81944Coordinates: 35°46′10″N 10°49′10″E / 35.76944°N 10.81944°E / 35.76944; 10.81944
Country Tunisia
GovernorateMonastir
Population
 (2014)
 • Total93,306
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)
ZIP code
5000
Area code(s)73

Monastir, also called Mistīr (Arabic: منستيرAbout this soundMonastīr / Mistīr, from the Greek μοναστήριον "hermit's cell, monastery"), is a city on the central coast of Tunisia, in the Sahel area, some 20 kilometres (12 miles) south of Sousse and 162 kilometres (101 miles) south of Tunis. Traditionally a fishing port, Monastir is now a major tourist resort. Its population is about 93,306. It is the capital of Monastir Governorate.

History[edit]

Monastir was founded on the ruins of the PunicRoman city of Ruspina. The city features a well-preserved Ribat of Monastir that was used to scan the sea for hostile ships and as a defence against the attacks of the Byzantine fleet. Several ulema came to stay in the ribat of this peaceful city for contemplation. The ribat was, in the 1970s, also one of the filming locations for both the miniseries Jesus of Nazareth and Monty Python's Life of Brian.

Transportation[edit]

The city is on the electrified, metre-gauge Sahel Metro line with trains serving Sousse and Mahdia. Other services run to Tunis.

Monastir – Habib Bourguiba International Airport has flights from most Western European countries. It is run by Tepe Akfen Ventures Airport Holding (TAV).

Climate[edit]

Monastir enjoys a dry Mediterranean climate with hot summers, extremely mild winters, lots of sunshine and low rainfall year-round. The city sits in the northeast of Tunisia, on its central coast. It is milder than inland areas of Tunisia, forty percent of which is part of the Sahara. In the summer, while humidity is low, the soaring heat can still be hard to handle. The average high temperature of 29 °C (84 °F) in June skips past the 30 °C (86 °F) mark in the middle of the month and climbs up to 33 °C (91 °F) in July and August.

Climate data for Monastir, Tunisia (1981–2010, extremes 1968–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
31.1
(88.0)
37.1
(98.8)
37.5
(99.5)
43.6
(110.5)
47.0
(116.6)
46.9
(116.4)
47.0
(116.6)
43.0
(109.4)
39.5
(103.1)
31.7
(89.1)
29.7
(85.5)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
17.1
(62.8)
19.1
(66.4)
21.5
(70.7)
25.1
(77.2)
29.1
(84.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.8
(91.0)
29.7
(85.5)
26.3
(79.3)
21.5
(70.7)
17.8
(64.0)
24.1
(75.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
12.9
(55.2)
14.7
(58.5)
16.9
(62.4)
20.4
(68.7)
24.2
(75.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82.0)
25.4
(77.7)
22.2
(72.0)
17.3
(63.1)
13.6
(56.5)
19.6
(67.2)
Average low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
12.9
(55.2)
16.3
(61.3)
19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
23.6
(74.5)
21.6
(70.9)
18.3
(64.9)
13.2
(55.8)
9.4
(48.9)
15.4
(59.8)
Record low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
1.9
(35.4)
4.5
(40.1)
8.2
(46.8)
12.4
(54.3)
15.1
(59.2)
14.3
(57.7)
13.9
(57.0)
7.3
(45.1)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.6
(1.76)
25.0
(0.98)
30.4
(1.20)
21.1
(0.83)
17.4
(0.69)
4.9
(0.19)
1.6
(0.06)
10.1
(0.40)
46.6
(1.83)
54.6
(2.15)
38.0
(1.50)
45.0
(1.77)
339.3
(13.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 4.2 4.1 4.4 3.0 1.3 0.4 1.2 3.7 4.6 4.1 4.3 40.3
Average relative humidity (%) 70 69 70 69 69 67 65 66 70 71 70 71 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167.4 179.2 207.7 228.0 275.9 303.0 337.9 303.8 240.0 210.8 189.0 164.3 2,807
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990)[1][2][3][note 1]

Economy[edit]

Nouvelair has its head office in Monastir in the Dkhila Tourist Zone,[5][6] near the Hôtel Sahara Beach.[7]

Education[edit]

The city of Monastir has:

  • Five Junior High Schools of basic education: Ali-Bourguiba, Moufida-Bourguiba Imtiez, Salem-Bchir and a pioneer junior high school ;
  • Four High Schools: Fatouma-Bourguiba, Hedi-Khefacha, Bourguiba and a Pioneer high school (open since the school year 2003-2004).

Monastir is also a university city, incorporating the University of Monastir which was founded on September 2, 2004[8] and covers the governorates of Monastir and Mahdia. The university of Monastir includes sixteen faculty departments, of which ten are located in Monastir:

The student population of Monastir exceeded 27,000 in 2007–2008, making the city one of the largest in terms of university studies along with Tunis, Sfax and Sousse.

Notable people[edit]

Tunisian ex-president Habib Bourguiba was born in Monastir, and his mausoleum is located in the city. Many other famous politicians are also from Monastir:

Among other notable people:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Monastir is twinned with:

and cooperates with

Gallery[edit]

Neighbouring area[edit]

Monastir's northeastern territories lead into a place called Route de la Falaise, through which one can reach its most notable suburb, Skanes, which is 6 miles (9.7 kilometres) from Monastir's town centre.[citation needed] Hugging Tunisia's coastline, Skanes is a holiday resort known mostly for its professional golf courses; white, sandy beaches; clear blue sea; and hotels that fuse Moorish architecture with modern designs. It is frequented throughout the summer by tourists from around the world.[citation needed] They also come for the medina, where it is possible to sample fresh Tunisian cooking and bargain for local goods.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Réclamations, Suggestions." Nouvelair. Retrieved on 1 July 2010. "Nos Coordonnées Adresse : Zone Touristique Dkhila – 5065 – Monastir – Tunisie."
  6. ^ "Après le vol." Nouvelair. Retrieved on 1 July 2010.
  7. ^ Jacobs, Daniel and Peter Morris. The Rough Guide to Tunisia. Rough Guides, 2001. 215. Retrieved from Google Books on 1 July 2010. ISBN 1-85828-748-0, ISBN 978-1-85828-748-5.
  8. ^ "History : university of monastir". www.um.rnu.tn. Archived from the original on 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  9. ^ "Portrait of Münster: Die Partnerstädte". Stadt Münster. Archived from the original on 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2013-08-07.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Station ID for Monastir is 340404111.[4]

External links[edit]

  • (in French) USMonastir.com, official web site of the local multi-sports team