|3rd President of Tunisia|
13 December 2011 – 31 December 2014
|Prime Minister||Béji Caïd Essebsi
|Preceded by||Fouad Mebazaa (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Beji Caid Essebsi|
|Member of the Constituent Assembly
for Nabeul's 2nd district
22 November 2011 – 13 December 2011
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Samia Abbou|
|President of the Congress for the Republic|
24 July 2001 – 13 December 2011
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Abderraouf Ayadi (Acting)|
|President of the Tunisian Human Rights League|
12 March 1989 – 5 February 1994
|Preceded by||Mohamed Charfi|
|Succeeded by||Taoufik Bouderbala|
7 July 1945 |
|Political party||Congress for the Republic and People's Movement of citizens|
|Alma mater||University of Strasbourg|
Mohamed Moncef Marzouki (Arabic: محمد المنصف المرزوقي; Muhammad al-Munṣif al-Marzūqī, born 7 July 1945) is a Tunisian politician who was President of Tunisia from 2011 to 2014. Through his career he has been a human rights activist, physician and politician. On 12 December 2011, he was elected as President of Tunisia by the Constituent Assembly.
Born in Grombalia, Tunisia, Marzouki was the son of a Qadi. His father, being a supporter of Salah Ben Youssef (Bourguiba's opponent), would emigrate to Morocco in the late 1950s because of political pressures. Marzouki finished his secondary education in Tangier, where he obtained the Baccalauréat in 1961. He then went to study medicine at the University of Strasbourg in France. Returning to Tunisia in 1979, he founded the Center for Community Medicine in Sousse and the African Network for Prevention of Child Abuse, also joining Tunisian League for Human Rights. In his youth, he had travelled to India to study Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent resistance. Later, he also travelled to South Africa to study its transition from apartheid.
When the government cracked down violently on the Islamist Ennahda Movement in 1991, Marzouki confronted Tunisian President Ben Ali calling on him to adhere to the law. In 1993, Marzouki was a founding member of the National Committee for the Defense of Prisoners of Conscience, but he resigned after it was taken over by supporters of the government. He was arrested on several occasions on charges relating to the propagation of false news and working with banned Islamist groups. He subsequently founded the National Committee for Liberties. He became President of the Arab Commission for Human Rights and as of 17 January 2011[ref] continues as a member of its Executive Board.
President of Tunisia
On 12 December 2011, the Constituent Assembly of Tunisia, a body elected to govern the country and draft a new constitution, elected Marzouki as the interim President of the Tunisian Republic, with 155 votes for, 3 against, and 42 blank votes. Blank votes were the result of a boycott from the opposition parties, who considered the new mini-constitution of the country an undemocratic one.
On 3 May 2012, Nessma TV owner Nabil Karoui and two others were convicted of "blasphemy" and "disturbing public order". The charges stemmed from the network's decision to broadcast a dubbed version of the 2007 Franco-Iranian film Persepolis, which includes several visual depictions of God. Karoui was fined 2,400 dinars for the broadcast, while the station's programming director and the president of the women's organization which provided dubbing for the film were fined 1,200 dinars. Responding to the verdict, Marzouki stated to members of the press in the presidential palace in Tunis, "I think this verdict is bad for the image of Tunisia. Now people in the rest of the world will only be talking about this when they talk about Tunisia."
In March 2014 President Marzouki lifted the state of emergency that had been in place since the outbreak of the 2011 revolution, and a top military chief said soldiers stationed in some of the country’s most sensitive areas would return to their barracks. The decree from President Marzouki said the state of emergency ordered in January 2011 is lifted across the country immediately. The state of emergency was imposed by longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and maintained after he was overthrown. It was repeatedly renewed.
In April 2014, he cut his pay by two-thirds, citing the state's need to be a model in dealing with the deteriorating financial situation.
On June 25, 2015, Marzouki participated in the Freedom Flotilla III to Gaza in Palestine. On June 29, during their approach to the territorial waters of Gaza, but while still in international waters, the flotilla intercepted by the Israeli army, then they were taken to the port of Ashdod, where they were interviewed. Marzouki was greeted by a delegation of the Israeli Foreign Ministry, but he declined to discuss with them. On June 30 he was deported to Paris, returning to Tunis on July 1, where he was greeted by hundreds of supporters.
- "Veteran human rights activist chosen as Tunisia's new interim president", The Telegraph, 15 November 2011
- Tunisian activist to serve as interim president, CBC News, 12 December 2011
- Jacobs, Donna (5 April 2013), "Tunisia’s bold gamble on democracy: ‘One day or another, we will win’", Diplomat & International Canada
- "Marzouki se fait allumer en Algérie". Maghreb Intelligence. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Moncef Marzouki declares presidential candidacy". Al Arabiya. 16 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- "Marzouki: Tunisia’s opposition stalwart turned president". English.alarabiya.net. 2011-12-13. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
- Coll, Steve. "The Casbah Coalition. Tunisia's second revolution", The New Yorker, 4 April 2011. retrieved on April 30, 2011.
- "What is the Arab Commission for Human Rights". 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- "Déclaration constitutive". Congress for the Republic. 2001-07-24. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- "Première liste des membres fondateurs du CPR". Congress for the Republic. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- "Tunisia’s assembly elects human rights activist as interim president". Washington Post. 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2011-12-12.[dead link]
- "Tunisian activist, Moncef Marzouki, named president". BBC News. 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Mzioudet, Houda (14 December 2011), "Ennahda’s Jebali Appointed as Tunisian Prime Minister", Tunisia-live.net, retrieved 21 December 2011
- Tunisian PM presents new government, AFP, 20 December 2011, archived from the original on 21 December 2011, retrieved 21 December 2011
- "Controversial Tunisian Court Ruling Reflects Dilemmas of the Arab Spring". Time. 3 May 2012.
- "Tunisian secular leader Essebsi sworn in as new president", Reuters, 31 December 2014.
- Tunisia's ex-president Marzouki arrives in France after detention in Israel, Ahram Online, 30 June 2015
- "La nouvelle 'Première dame' de Tunisie : Pourquoi tant de mystère?". Nawaat. 3 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moncef Marzouki.|
|Non-profit organization positions|
|President of the Tunisian Human Rights League
|Party political offices|
|New political party||President of the Congress for the Republic
|Constituent Assembly of Tunisia|
|New constituency||Member of the Constituent Assembly
for Nabeul's 2nd district
|President of Tunisia
Beji Caid Essebsi