Mondariz – Balneario
Location of the municipality of Mondariz-Balneario within Galicia.
|Granted municipality status||30 November 1924|
|• Body||Concello da Moi Hospitalaria Vila de Mondariz Balneario|
|• Mayor||José Antonio Lorenzo Rodríguez (People's Party of Galicia)|
|• Total||2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||300/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Mondaricense del Balneario|
Mondariz–Balneario is a spa town and municipality in Galicia, Spain in the province of Pontevedra. It has the distinction of being the smallest municipality in Galicia and one of the smallest in Spain.
Ancient and medieval history
It is known through archaeological remains that the site now occupied by the town was inhabited from prehistoric times, which establishes the existence of a fort in the Coto Cividade as well as in Roman times, as in Pious neighboring parish are remains of Roman amphorae, various ceramic and bronze coins confirming the occupation.
However, the finding of greater magnitude and Roman is the best proof that Mondariz-Balneario was Romanized, are remains of a Roman road near the stands, on or river Tea, Cernadela bridge, also of Roman origin.
Tradition has it that in 1282 and in the chapel of San Pedro which is situated in this county, took place the marriage of King Diniz of Portugal to the Princess Isabella of Aragon, daughter of Peter III and later became known as Isabel of Portugal.
In the new division of Pontevedra municipalities, in accordance with Royal Decree of 23 June 1835, it was included in the parish of Mondariz as a mere territory, and as reflected in his writings Florida Blanca, it was under the jurisdiction of Sobrosa, being dependent of Don Juan Lago, the Marquis de Valladares and the Marquis de Sobrosa.
In 1904 the parish becomes Troncoso, a newly created parish whose territories were dispersed from the parish of Santa Eulalia de Mondariz dependent of Mondariz parish.
In 1924, after the change of name to the parish of Our Lady of Lourdes it becomes an independent municipality on November 30 with the current name Mondariz-Balneario. Balneario is the Spanish word for spa resort, referring the host-medical establishment that had provided the necessary economic strength to support its emancipation from Mondariz.
Thus, the history of Mondariz-Balneario is closely related to Don Sabino Peinador Enrique Vela, who made the aforementioned neighborhood Troncoso renowned spa, thanks to which appeared the town.
Since April 17, 1925 the town of Mondariz-Balneario holds the title of "Very hospitable villa" granted by King Alfonso XIII and General Primo de Rivera in thanks to good treatment received from the neighbors in their frequent visits to the Grand Hotel.
The Grand Hotel, that opened in 1898 and hosted very important guests in the early twentieth century, started its decline after the spanish civil war. In 1973 a devasting fire destroyed the Grand Hotel and left the building in ruins until 2005, when it was rebuilt to house private appartments. In the meantime, a new hotel and spa was built in the adjacent buildings, and nowadays Mondariz-Balneario remains as one of the most important spa resorts in Galicia.