Mondego River

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Mondego River in Portugal

The Rio Mondego (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u mõˈdeɣu]) or Mondego River is the longest river entirely within Portuguese territory.[1] It has its source in Serra da Estrela, the highest mountain range in mainland Portugal (i.e. excluding the Portuguese islands). It runs 234 kilometres (145 mi) from the Gouveia municipality, at 1,425 metres (4,675 ft) above sea level in Serra da Estrela, to its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean next to the city of Figueira da Foz. Its etymology is believed to be a pre-Roman, Hispano-Celtic voice Munda or Monda (*mundikos/*-moundikos < lat. *mundicus, -a),[2][3][4] Latinised into Mundicus < Mondæcus[5] until evolving into the present name. It flows through the districts of Guarda, Viseu and Coimbra, all in Centro Region. It flows near the towns of Celorico da Beira, Fornos de Algodres, Nelas, Tabua, Carregal do Sal, Mortagua, Montemor-o-Velho and cities of Seia, Gouveia, Guarda, Oliveira do Hospital, Mangualde, Santa Comba Dao, before crossing the town of Penacova, is narrow, then widens by the city of Coimbra (with the University and the major urban area in Baixo Mondego), and the Montemor-o-Velho municipality (known for its castle and rice fields), before reaching the Atlantic at the city of Figueira da Foz.

There are two dams along the Mondego: Aguieira dam and Raiva dam.

Tributaries[edit]

One of its tributaries is the Rio Dão, which gives its name to the Dão DOC wine region. Another is the River Alva, which enters the Mondego just before Penacova. The Ceira River enters the Mondego just south of Coimbra along NH 17.[6]

The precise route of the river Mondego is available online.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mondego" by Manuel Pinheiro, Final Project of a masters's degree in Wildlife Documentary Production from the University of Salford. Film marked with a distinction. Filmed in Portugal during May/June 2011. A voyage by the Mondego river's wildlife from the mountains to the sea.
  2. ^ "Religión, derecho y ordalía en el mundo celtibérico". Studylib.es. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  3. ^ Barroso Cabrera, Rafael; Pablos, Jorge (2014). "Lupercos, hirpi sorani y otros lobos. El rito del paso del fuego en la fiesta de San Juan en San Pedro Manrique (Soria)". POLIS. Revista de ideas y formas políticas de la Antigüedad Clásica. 26.
  4. ^ "Mondego | Definição ou significado de Mondego no Dicionário Infopédia de Toponímia". Infopedia.pt.
  5. ^ Chao, Eduardo (1849). Cuadros de la geografia historica de Espana desde los primeros tiempos historicos hasta el dia (Etc.). p. 188.
  6. ^ "40°11'02.0"N 8°23'46.0"W". Google.com. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  7. ^ "River Mondego". Mapmywalk.com. Retrieved 7 June 2022.

Coordinates: 40°12′47.41″N 8°20′41.25″W / 40.2131694°N 8.3447917°W / 40.2131694; -8.3447917