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Mondele or Mundele (pl. mindele) is a Bobangi term meaning "white" (white man, not the color, mpembe) European-style person, person with light skin color. The words were originally used to describe Belgian and French colonists, but can be used to describe any light-skinned non-African.

The word can also be applied even to black Africans with a much lighter skin complexion, Coloureds, foreign-raised locals speaking with foreign accents, visiting expatriates, or westernised blacks (including African Americans), who are referred to specifically as mundele ndombe.


The term originated from the Bangi language.

See also[edit]

In Ghana the word used for a 'white' person or foreigner is ‘Obroni’ in the local languages, those of the Akan family.

In Nigeria, the word used for a 'white' person is Oyibo.

In Uganda, the word used for a white or foreign person is 'mzungu'.

In Togo and Benin, the word used for a white person is 'yovo'.

In Central and West Africa (most frequently in the Gambia, Senegal, and Mali, also in Ivory Coast) the word used for a 'white' person is 'Toubab'.


Alleyne, Mervyn. The Construction and Representation of Race and Ethnicity in the Caribbean and the World. University of the West Indies Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-9766401795.