|Comune di Mondolfo|
Mondolfo within the Province of Pesaro-Urbino
|Province / Metropolitan city||Pesaro e Urbino (PU)|
|Frazioni||Marotta, Ponterio, Centocroci|
|• Total||22.7 km2 (8.8 sq mi)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Mondolfo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Pesaro e Urbino in the Italian region Marche, located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) northwest of Ancona and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Pesaro, on the Adriatic Sea. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 11,478 and an area of 22.7 square kilometres (8.8 sq mi).
Mondolfo is located at an elevation of between 0 and 157 metres (515 ft) above sea level. There are 322 companies and 3,533 employees.
The welcome Mondolfo offered the Duke of Urbino, Francesco Maria I Della Rovere, prompted him to confer the title of “Terra Fedelissima” or loyal land to the town; it is recalled every year in July, with the historical remembrance of Contrade in Festa. The events, that happened in 1523, evoke some of the most heroic and glorious pages of the borough of Mondolfo when, in spite of the bad fortune of the Della Rovere family, it remained loyal to Francesco Maria I and fought as his ally, until it surrendered to a siege, “coming to terms” only after having seriously wounded the one who Duke Della Rovere deposed. In 1517, Pope Leo X, a member of the Medici family, declared that Francesco Maria’s rule was no longer in force of the dukedom of Urbino because of his betrayal, and assigned it to his nephew Lorenzo De Medici, or Lorenzino as he was called, to differentiate him from his grandfather, who was known as “the Magnificent”. The Castle and Fortress of Mondolfo didn’t open the doors to the new lord: too strong was the loyalty and the link with Francesco Maria who, when he was a child, stayed there for a long time owing to the mildness of its climate.
During the spring of 1517 Mondolfo was besieged by Medicean troops, as recounted by Guicciardini who personally lived those events. The defense seriously wounded Lorenzino in the head and surrendering only when there was no hope, suffering a vile and treacherous pillage. When Francesco Maria I regained the dukedom of Urbino, he didn’t forget Mondolfo’s loyalty and conferred it the title of “Terra Fedelissima”.
The four “contrade” of the Land of Mondolfo – Castello, Piana, Barriera and Fosso – symbolically handed the Duke the keys of the Town, the Magistrates renewed the act of loyalty, obtaining from Francesco Maria the ducal crown to decorate the municipal coat of arms, as a sign of everlasting favour and inseparable friendship with the Della Rovere family.
Points of interest
- Sant'Agostino - church (1586–93) and convent (17th century)
- Santa Giustina - church (completed circa 1760 circa)
- San Sebastiano - 1479 church with Ceccarini altarpiece
- Chiesa di San Giovanni (XVII secolo)
- Palazzo Giraldi Della Rovere (XVI secolo)
- Palazzo Peruzzi (XVI secolo)
- Parco della Rimembranza e monumento (1925) Belvedere
- Fonte Grande (XX secolo)
- Memoria della Fisarmonica
- Chiesa e Chiostro di San Sebastiano (1738–60)
- San Gervasio dei Bulgari - church (5-6th century)
- Sanctuary of the Madonna delle Grotte (1682)
- Bastione Sant'Anna e Giardino Martiniano (XVI secolo)
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
Media related to Mondolfo at Wikimedia Commons