Mongkol Borey District
យាយជីច្រូតស្រូវ Mongkol Borey Symbol
Map showing the location of the district within Banteay Meanchey Province.
Mongkol Borey (Khmer: ស្រុកមង្គលបូរី; "Auspicious City") is a district (srok) in the south of Banteay Meanchey Province, in north-western Cambodia. The district capital is Mongkol Borey town located around 9 kilometres south of the provincial capital of Sisophon by road. Mongkol Borey District is the southernmost district of Banteay Meanchey. The district shares a border with Battambang Province to the south. The main railway line from Phnom Penh to Poipet on the border with Thailand runs through the district from north to south.
The district is easily accessed by road from Sisophon (9 km) Battambang (city) (60 km) and Siem Reap (city) (110 km). Mongkol Borey District is one of the smallest districts in Banteay Meanchey province by land area and only Serei Saophoan District is smaller. However, it has the largest district population in the province due to its central location and transport infrastructure. National Highway 5 which begins in Phnom Penh and ends at Poipet and the National railway bisect the district in parallel running from north to south. National road 160 begins near the centre of the district and runs south west into Pailin.
The history of Mongkol Borey district before the 18th century is unclear, although it is likely that it was part of Battambang Province. From the 18th century until 1907, it was part of Phra Tabong Province of Thailand. At that time the Thai controlled the area that is modern Banteay Meanchey, Oddar Meanchey, Siem Reap, Pailin and Battambang provinces. Under the French-Siamese treaty of March 23, 1907, these parts of Cambodia were returned. At this time the area around Serei Sophorn was part of Serei Sophorn district of Battambang. Between 1925 and 1940 a number of new Battambang districts were created, including Mongkol Borey. In 1988 the five northern districts of Battambang were separated to form the new province of Banteay Meanchey.
Mongkol Borey district lies in the south of the province and shares a border with Battambang Province. Reading from the north clockwise, Mongkol Borey borders with Serei Saophoan district to the north. The eastern border of the district is shared with Preah Netr Preah district. The Mongkol Borey River forms part of the eastern district boundary towards Preah Netr Preah. To the south the district shares a border with Thmor Koal and Bavel districts of Battambang province. The western border of the district joins with Malai and Ou Chrov districts of Banteay Meanchey.
The Mongkol Borey district governor reports to His Excellency Oung Ouen, the Governor of Banteay Meanchey. The following table shows the villages of Mongkol Borey district by commune.
|Khum (Communes)||Phum (Villages)||Geocode|
|Banteay Neang||Ou Thum, Phnum, Banteay Neang, Kouk Pnov, Trang, Pongro, Kouk Tonloab, Trabaek, Khile, Samraong Pen, Dang Run Lech, Dang Run Kaeut, Ou Snguot, Prey Changha Lech, Prey Changha Kaeut, Ou Andoung Lech, Ou Andoung Kandal, Ou Andoung Kaeut, Kouk Kduoch||010201|
|Bat Trang||Khtum Reay Lech, Khtum Reay Kaeut, Anlong Thngan Kaeut, Anlong Thngan Lech, Bang Bat Lech, Bang Bat Kaeut, Bat Trang, Bat Trang Thum Lech, Bat Trang Thum Kaeut, Bang Bat Touch, Preaek Chik||010202|
|Chamnaom||Pralay Char, Rongvean Lech, Rongvean Kaeut, Chamnaom Lech, Chamnaom Kaeut, Roung Kou Daeum, Roung Kou Kandal, Roung Kou Chong, Peam Roung kou, Ta Sal, Chuor Khchas, Boeng Tras, Dang Trang, Srae Prey, Bos Tonloab, Ta Bun, Kouk Ponley, Say Samon, Damnak Preas Ang||010203|
|Kouk Ballangk||Kouk Ballangk, Ta An, Pralay Chrey, Cheung Chab, Phat Sanday, Char Thmei, Ph'av Thmei, Ta Sal||010204|
|Koy Maeng||Koy Maeng, Sdei Leu, Phlov Siem, Ta Nong, Angkar Khmau, Kasang Thmei, Stueng Chas, Sdei Kraom||010205|
|Ou Prasat||Phnum Thum Tboung, Phnum Prasat, Phnum Thum Cheung, Chamkar Louk, Phnum Thum Thmei, Anlong Sdei, Kouk Thnong Kaeut, Kouk Thnong Kandal, Ou Snguot, Ou Prasat, Kouk Ampil, Ra Chamkar Chek, Pou Rieng, Rung Krabau||010206|
|Phnum Touch||Phnum Touch Tboung, Phnum Touch Cheung, Thnal Bat, Ou Nhor, Boeng Tras, Monourom, Paoy Ta Sek, Prey Totueng, Boeng Reang, Voat Thmei||010207|
|Rohat Tuek||Pou Pir Daeum, Rohat Tuek, Thnal Bat, Kramol, Khtum Chrum, Chak Lech, Doun Mul, Preaek Samraong, Ou Dangkao, Chamkar Chek, Ou Chuob, Ka Svay, Chak Kaeut||010208|
|Ruessei Kraok||Anhchanh, Neang Ket, Praek Ropou, Sala Daeng, Samraong, Anlong Mean Trop, Chamkar Ta Daok, Pralay Luong Kraom, Luong, Ou Ta Kol, Pralay Luong Leu, Kouk Svay, Ou Ta Ma, Kaoh Kaev, Phasi Sra, Ruessei Kraom, Chumteav||010209|
|Sambuor||Chhnaeum Meas, Sranal, La, Ta Meaeng Pok, Sambuor, Doun Loek, Kbal Krabei, Srah Chhuk, Srae Prey, Chaek Angkar, Thma Dab||010210|
|Soea||Ta Mau, Ansam Chek, Tnaot, Buor, Bos Laok, Soea, Boeng Touch, Phlov Damrei Leu, Phlov Damrei Kraom, Ou Soea, Kouk Samraong, Balang Chrey, Ou Choub Thmey||010211|
|Srah Reang||Ta In Muoy, Ta In Pir, Krouch, Chamkar Chek, Srah Reang, Ta Chan, Kouk Srok, Kouk Chrab, Kouk Krasang||010212|
|Ta Lam||Preah Srae, Ta Lam Kandal, Ta Lam Chong, Boeng Khleang Lech, Chong Kouk, Boeng Khleang Kaeut, Khla Kham Chhkae, Boeng Veaeng||010213|
Mongkol Borey is one of the largest agricultural district in Banteay Meanchey province. Agriculture is the most important section in Mongkol Borey. Most of the people there work as farmers, when they finish their harvesting, many people make more profits by growing vegetable, bean or corn etc. They also export their rice to many ASEAN countries such as Thailand and Vietnam . Some people make their business at the market, some are the government officials and some work as carpenters, electricians,etc. for their everyday life.
The district is subdivided into 13 communes (khum) and 157 villages (phum). According to the 1998 Census, the population of the district was 138,190 persons in 25,754 households in 1998. This population consisted of 67,821 males (49.1%) and 70,369 females (50.9%). With a population of over 130,000 people, Mongkol Borei has by far the largest district populations in Banteay Meanchey province. The average household size in Mongkol Borey is 5.4 persons per household, which is slightly larger than the rural average for Cambodia (5.2 persons). The sex ratio in the district is 96.4%, with slightly more females than males.
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