Mongolia Garrison Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Japanese Mongolia Garrison Army
ActiveDecember 27, 1937 - July 27, 1946 
CountryEmpire of Japan
BranchImperial Japanese Army
TypeInfantry
RoleCorps
Garrison/HQKalgan
Nickname(s) ()
EngagementsSoviet invasion of Manchuria

The Mongolia Garrison Army (駐蒙軍, Chūmōgun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

History[edit]

The Japanese Mongolia Garrison Army was raised on December 27, 1937 as a garrison force in Japanese-dominated Inner Mongolia and adjacent areas of north China. From July 4, 1938, the Mongolia Garrison Army came under the administrative jurisdiction of the North China Area Army. In January 1939 the Cavalry Group was added, consisting of the 1st Cavalry Brigade and 4th Cavalry Brigade. In December 1942, the 4th Cavalry Brigade was sent to the Twelfth Army and the remainder of the Cavalry Group was converted into the 3rd Tank Division.

During most of the Second Sino-Japanese War and due to the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact, Inner Mongolia was largely a backwater region, and the Mongolia Garrison Army, with its antiquated horse cavalry functioned largely to assist and train the Mengjiang National Army and Mongolian Cavalry Corps. It was thus unprepared for the massive Soviet Red Army armored assault at the end of World War II. The Mongolia Garrison Army was officially disbanded on July 27, 1946. Many of its survivors became Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union.

List of commanders[edit]

Commanding Officer[edit]

Name From To
1 General Shigeru Hasunuma 28 December 1937 31 August 1939
2 Field Marshal Hajime Sugiyama 31 August 1939 12 September 1939
3 General Naosaburo Okabe 12 September 1939 29 September 1940
4 General Masataka Yamawaki 29 September 1940 20 January 1941
5 General Shigetaro Amakasu 20 January 1941 2 March 1942
6 Lieutenant General Ichiro Shichida 2 March 1942 28 May 1943
7 Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki 28 May 1943 22 November 1944
8 Lieutenant General Hiroshi Nemoto 22 November 1944 19 August 1945

Chief of Staff[edit]

Name From To
1 Colonel Tora Ishimoto 28 December 1937 13 January 1939
2 General Shinichi Tanaka 12 February 1939 1 August 1940
3 Lieutenant General Shigeru Takahashi 1 August 1940 21 October 1941
4 Lieutenant General Toyojiro Inamura 21 October 1941 1 December 1942
5 Lieutenant General Masao Yano 1 December 1942 26 October 1944
6 Major General Ryozu Nakagawa 26 October 1944 19 August 1945

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X.
  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-354-3.
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.

External links[edit]