Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission

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Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission
蒙藏委員會
Měng-Zàng Wěiyuánhuì
ROC Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission Logo.png
Agency overview
Formed April 1912 (as Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Agency)
1 February 1929 (as MTAC)
Dissolved September 15, 2017
Jurisdiction  Republic of China
Headquarters Zhongzheng, Taipei
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.mtac.gov.tw
Joint Central Government Office Building, where MTAC located in

The Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission (MTAC; Chinese: 蒙藏委員會; pinyin: Měng-Zàng Wěiyuánhuì) was a ministry-level commission of the Executive Yuan in the Republic of China based in mainland China and on Taiwan. It was disbanded on September 15, 2017.[1][2]

History[edit]

Mongolian Affairs closing conference in 1930.

It was originally created during the Qing Dynasty in 1636 as Mongolian Bureau as a subsection of the Lifan Yuan, and oversaw the relationship of the Qing court to its Mongolian and Tibetan dependencies. During Kangxi Emperor rule, the bureau was renamed to Minority Affairs Council and renamed again to Ministry of Minority Affairs under Guangxu Emperor rule.

Following the 1911 revolution and collapse of the Qing dynasty, the section was replaced by Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Agency under the Ministry of the Interior in April 1912. In July 1912, the agency was again renamed as Bureau of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs and placed under the State Affairs Yuan. In 1914, it was reorganized and being placed directly under the supervision of President. On 1 February 1929, it was finally changed to Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission (MTAC) with accordance to the Nationalist Government Organizational Law.[3] After the Communist revolution in China, and the Republic of China's relocation to Taiwan, the MTAC ceased its activities in Tibet and Mongolia, although it served as a governmental body which assisted in the relationship between ethnic Mongols and Tibetans in Taiwan and increasing the communication between the Taiwanese and the Mongols as well as the Tibetans.[4]

After the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion, Chiang Kai-shek announced in his Letter to Tibetan Compatriots (Chinese: 告西藏同胞書; pinyin: Gào Xīzàng Tóngbāo Shū) that the ROC's policy would be to help the Tibetan diaspora overthrow the People's Republic of China's rule in Tibet. The MTAC sent secret agents to India to disseminate pro-Kuomintang (KMT) and anti-Communist propaganda among Tibetan exiles. From 1971 to 1978, the MTAC also recruited ethnic Tibetan children from India and Nepal to study in Taiwan, with the expectation that they would work for a ROC government that returned to the mainland. In 1994, the veterans' association for the Tibetan guerrilla group Chushi Gangdruk met[citation needed] with the MTAC and agreed to the KMT's One China Principle. In response, the Dalai Lama's Central Tibetan Administration forbade all exiled Tibetans from contact with the MTAC.[5]

On August 14, 2017, the Executive Yuan announced that the MTAC would be dissolved by the end of the year. No budget was allocated to the MTAC for 2018. Employees of the commission would be re-assigned to the Ministry of Culture and Mainland Affairs Council.[6]

Organizational structure[edit]

  • Commissioners
  • Secretary's Office
  • Counselor's Office
  • Department of Mongolian Affairs
  • Department of Tibetan Affairs
  • Department of General Affairs
  • Compilation and Translation
  • Accounting Office
  • Personnel Office
  • Civil Service Ethics Office

Ministers[edit]

Hsu Jan-yau, the last Minister of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission.

Political Party:   Kuomintang   Democratic Progressive Party   Non-partisan/ unknown

Name Term of Office Days Political Party Ancestry (Ethnicity) Premier
1 Yan Xishan (閻錫山) 1928.12.27 1930.04.05 464 Kuomintang Wutai, Shanxi Tan Yankai
2 Ma Fuxiang (馬福祥) 1930.09.08 1931.12.30 478 Kuomintang Linxia, Gansu (Hui) Tan Yankai
Chiang Kai-shek I
3 Shi Qingyang (石青陽) 1931.12.30 1935.03.15 1171 Kuomintang Ba County, Sichuan Sun Fo I
Wang Jingwei
4 Huang Mu-sung (黃慕松) 1935.03.15 1936.07.29 502 Kuomintang Meichuan, Guangdong Wang Jingwei
Chiang Kai-shek II
5 Lin Yungai (林雲陔) 1936.07.29 1936.08.08 10 Kuomintang Xinyi, Guangdong Chiang Kai-shek II
6 Wu Zhongxin (吳忠信) 1936.08.08 1944.12.06 3042 Kuomintang Hefei, Anhui Chiang Kai-shek II
H. H. Kung
Chiang Kai-shek III
7 Leung Kam Lo (羅良鑒) 1944.12.06 1947.04.23 868 Kuomintang Shanhua, Hunan Chiang Kai-shek III
T. V. Soong
8 Xu Shiying (許世英) 1947.04.23 1948.11.26 642 Kuomintang Qiupu, Anhui Zhang Qun
Weng Wenhao
9 Serengdongrub (白雲梯) 1948.11.26 1949.06.06 192 Kuomintang Harqin Middle Banner, Rehe (Mongol) Sun Fo II
He Yingqin
10 Guan Jiyu (關吉玉) 1949.06.06 1949.11.23 170 Kuomintang Liaoyang, Liaoning (Manchu) He Yingqin
Yan Xishan
11 Zhou Kuntian (周昆田) 1949.11.23 1950.03.10 107 Kuomintang Hefei, Anhui Yan Xishan
12 Yu Ching-tang (余井塘) 1950.03.10 1951.02.22 349 Kuomintang Dongtai, Jiangsu Chen Cheng I
13 Tien Chung-chin (田炯錦) 1951.02.22 1954.05.25 1188 Kuomintang Qingyang, Gansu Chen Cheng I
14 Liu Lianke (劉廉克) 1954.05.25 1958.07.14 1511 Kuomintang Harqin Left Banner, Rehe (Mongol) Chen Cheng I
Yu Hung-Chun
15 Lee Yong-xin (李永新) 1958.07.14 1960.05.30 686 Kuomintang Harqin Left Banner, Rehe (Mongol) Chen Cheng II
16 Tien Chung-chin (田炯錦) 1960.05.30 1963.12.14 1293 Kuomintang Qingyang, Gansu Chen Cheng II
17 Guo Jiqiao (郭寄嶠) 1963.12.14 1972.5.29 3089 Kuomintang Hefei, Anhui Chen Cheng II
Yen Chia-kan
18 Chui Yan Cui (崔垂言) 1972.05.29 1981.11 Kuomintang Changchun, Jilin Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
19 Xie Renyang (薛人仰) 1981.11 1984.05 Kuomintang Fuzhou, Fujian Sun Yun-suan
20 Dong Shufan (董樹藩) 1984.05 1986.03 Kuomintang Sa County, Suiyuan Sun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
21 Wu Hua-peng (吳化鵬) 1986.04 1993.2.26 Kuomintang Aohan Right Banner, Rehe (Mongol) Yu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
Hau Pei-tsun
22 Zhang Junyi (張駿逸) 1993.2.27 1994.12.14 655 Kuomintang Changsha, Hunan Lien Chan
23 Lee Hou-kao (李厚高) 1994.12.15 1997.8.31 990 Kuomintang Songzi, Hubei Lien Chan
24 Kao Koong-lian (高孔廉) 1997.9.1 2000.5.19 991 Kuomintang Minhou, Fujian Vincent Siew
25 Hsu Cheng-kuang (徐正光) 2000.5.20 2002.1.31 621 Pingtung, Taiwan Tang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung I
26 Hsu Chih-hsiung (許志雄) 2002.2.1 2008.5.19 2299 Democratic Progressive Party Keelung, Taiwan Yu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
Chang Chun-hsiung II
27 Kao Su-po (高思博) 2008.5.20 2011.02.08 994 Kuomintang Tainan City Liu Chao-shiuan
Wu Den-yih
28 Luo Ying-shay (羅瑩雪) 2011.02.09 2013.09.29 963 Kuomintang Shuangfeng, Hunan Wu Den-yih
Chen Chun
Jiang Yi-huah
Chen Ming-jen (陳明仁) 2013.09.30 2013.10.22 22 Chiayi County, Taiwan Jiang Yi-huah
29 Jaclyn Tsai (蔡玉玲) 2013.10.22 2016.05.19 940 Independent Taiwan Jiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
30 Lin Mei-chu (林美珠) 2016.05.20 2017.02.07 263 Independent Taipei City Lin Chuan
31 Hsu Jan-yau (許璋瑤) 2017.02.08 2017.09.15 219 Independent Kaohsiung City Lin Chuan
William Lai

Other Members[edit]

Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center[edit]

Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center

The Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission manages the Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center (Chinese: 蒙藏文化中心; pinyin: Měng-Zàng Wénhuà Zhōngxīn). It is located in the Da'an District of Taipei on Qingtian Street nearby the Taipei Grand Mosque and Mandarin Training Center. The center was established in 1993 in the former residence of the Changkya Khutukhtu, Lobsang Pelden Tenpe Dronme, who fled to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War in 1949. The building incorporates traditional Tibetan architectural features. It also includes an exhibition Area for cultural artifacts, a reading room, lecture hall and prayer hall for the Changkya Khutukhtu.[7]

See also[edit]

Similar government agencies

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taipei Times: Taiwan News Quick Take
  2. ^ 蒙藏委員會9月15日已走入歷史
  3. ^ Benson, Linda (1990). The Ili Rebellion : the Moslem challenge to Chinese authority in Xinjiang, 1944-1949. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-87332-509-7. 
  4. ^ Henry George Wandesforde Woodhead & Henry Thurburn Montague Bell (1932). The China Year Book. North China Daily News & Herald. p. 28. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  5. ^ Okawa, Kensaku (2007). "Lessons from Tibetans in Taiwan: Their history, current situation, and relationship with Taiwanese nationalism" (PDF). The memoirs of the Institute of Oriental Culture. University of Tokyo. 152: 588–589, 596, 599, 602–603. 
  6. ^ http://taiwanenglishnews.com/mongolian-and-tibetan-affairs-commission-to-be-dissolved/
  7. ^ Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center: Introduction

External links[edit]