Mongolian military ranks

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The Military ranks of Mongolia are the military insignia used by the Mongolian Armed Forces and other military organisations such as Border defense troops, Internal troops, National emergency management agency, General executive agency of Court decision, General intelligence agency, and the State special security department.[1] While Mongolia is a landlocked country, it possessed a small brown-water navy, made up of 7 men, which meant it was the smallest navy in the world.[2][3] Since 1997, the navy has been privatized, and offers tours on the lake to cover expenses.[4]

Current ranks and insignia[edit]

Current rank system is established in 2003 by introducing Sergeant major and Master sergeant ranks.[5] In 2006 Brigadier general, General ranks were introduced and Colonel general, General of the Army ranks were abolished.[6] Current set of rank insignia introduced in 2017. Officers insignia ulzii replaced by five-pointed star and non-commissioned officers insignia pattern replaced by chevrons.[7]

Enlisted personnels[edit]

Ranks Equivalent
NATO Code
Armed forces Border defense troops Internal troops
Compulsory service Voluntary service Compulsory service Voluntary service Compulsory service Voluntary service
Private
Байлдагч
OR-1
Mongolian Army-PVT-field
Mongolian Army-PVT(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-PVT-field
Mongolian Border troops-PVT(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-PVT-field
Unknown
Senior private
Ахлах байлдагч
OR-2
Mongolian Army-PFC-field
Mongolian Army-PFC(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-PFC-field
Mongolian Border troops-PFC(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-PFC-field
Unknown
Junior corporal
Дэд түрүүч
Mongolian Army-JCP-field
Mongolian Army-JCP(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-JCP-field
Mongolian Border troops-JCP(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-JCP-field
Unknown
Corporal
Түрүүч
OR-3
Mongolian Army-CPL-field
Mongolian Army-CPL(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-CPL-field
Mongolian Border troops-CPL(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-CPL-field
Unknown
Senior corporal
Ахлах түрүүч
OR-4
Mongolian Army-SCP-field
Mongolian Army-SCP(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-SCP-field
Mongolian Border troops-SCP(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-SCP-field
Unknown

Non-commissioned officers[edit]

Ranks Equivalent
NATO Code
Parade uniform Service uniform Uniform shirt Field uniform
Junior sergeant
Дэд ахлагч
OR-5
Mongolian Army-JSG-parade
Mongolian Army-JSG-service
Mongolian Army-JSG-shirt
Mongolian Army-JSG-field
Sergeant
Aхлагч
OR-6
Mongolian Army-SGT-parade
Mongolian Army-SGT-service
Mongolian Army-SGT-shirt
Mongolian Army-SGT-field
Senior sergeant
Aхлах ахлагч
OR-7
Mongolian Army-SSG-parade
Mongolian Army-SSG-service
Mongolian Army-SSG-shirt
Mongolian Army-SSG-field
Master sergeant
Cургагч ахлагч
OR-8
Mongolian Army-MSG-parade
Mongolian Army-MSG-service
Mongolian Army-MSG-shirt
Mongolian Army-MSG-field
Sergeant major
Тэргүүн ахлагч
OR-9
Mongolian Army-SGM-parade
Mongolian Army-SGM-service
Mongolian Army-SGM-shirt
Mongolian Army-SGM-field

Commissioned Officers ranks and insignia[edit]

Ranks Equivalent
NATO Code
Parade uniform Service uniform Uniform shirt Field uniform
Second Lieutenant
Дэслэгч
OF-1
Mongolian Army-2LT-parade
Mongolian Army-2LT-service
Mongolian Army-2LT-shirt
Mongolian Army-2LT-field
Lieutenant
Ахлах дэслэгч
Mongolian Army-1LT-parade
Mongolian Army-1LT-service
Mongolian Army-1LT-shirt
Mongolian Army-1LT-field
Captain
Ахмад
OF-2
Mongolian Army-CPT-parade
Mongolian Army-CPT-service
Mongolian Army-CPT-shirt
Mongolian Army-CPT-field
Major
Хошууч
OF-3
Mongolian Army-MAJ-parade
Mongolian Army-MAJ-service
Mongolian Army-MAJ-shirt
Mongolian Army-MAJ-field
Lieutenant Colonel
Дэд хурандаа
OF-4
Mongolian Army-LTC-parade
Mongolian Army-LTC-service
Mongolian Army-LTC-shirt
Mongolian Army-LTC-field
Colonel
Хурандаа
OF-5
Mongolian Army-COL-parade
Mongolian Army-COL-service
Mongolian Army-COL-shirt
Mongolian Army-COL-field
Brigadier general
Бригадын генерал
OF-6
Mongolian Army-BRG-parade
Mongolian Army-BRG-service
Mongolian Army-BRG-shirt
Mongolian Army-BRG-field
Major general
Хошууч генерал
OF-7
Mongolian Army-MJG-parade
Mongolian Army-MJG-service
Mongolian Army-MJG-shirt
Mongolian Army-MJG-field
Lieutenant general
Дэслэгч генерал
OF-8
Mongolian Army-LTG-parade
Mongolian Army-LTG-service
Mongolian Army-LTG-shirt
Mongolian Army-LTG-field
General
Генерал
OF-9
Mongolian Army-GEN-parade
Mongolian Army-GEN-service
Mongolian Army-GEN-shirt
Mongolian Army-GEN-field

Branch and service color[edit]

Colors padding of shoulder boards and piping on uniforms are used in order to represent the type of branch or military organization.

Ground force branch of the Armed forces:   Red
Air force branch of the Armed forces,
General intelligence agency, State special security department:
  Blue
Border troops:   Green
Internal troops, General executive agency of Court decision:   Dark red
National emergency management agency (Civil defence):   Orange

Historical[edit]

Between 1927 and 1944 the Mongolian system of rank insignia was very peculiar. The rank insignia were placed on collars and sleeves. The Mongolian system resembled the Soviet system of collar insignia but had its own geometric patterns[8][9].

Between 1944 and 1992, the Mongolian army rank insignia copied the Soviet system. There were minor distinctions:

  • shoulder insignia of non-commissioned ranks had a broad blue horizontal stripe in the middle
  • stars of non-commissioned officers were ranged in a line (in the Soviet system, they made geometric patterns, just as was the case on the Mongolian shoulder insignia in 1992-2017)

Ranks from 1992 to 2017[edit]

Officers[edit]

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army and air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Mongolia Mongolian Army No equivalent 19-Mongolian Army-GEN.svg 18-Mongolian Army-LG.svg 17-Mongolian Army-MG.svg 16-Mongolian Army-BG.svg 15-Mongolian Army-COL.svg 14-Mongolian Army-LTC.svg 13-Mongolian Army-MAJ.svg 12-Mongolian Army-CPT.svg 11-Mongolian Army-1LT.svg 10-Mongolian Army-2LT.svg Unknown
General
(Генерал)
Lieutenant general
(дэслэгч генерал)
Major general
(хошууч генерал)
Brigadier general
(бригадын генерал)
Colonel
(хурандаа)
Lieutenant Colonel
(дэд хурандаа)
Major
(хошууч)
Captain
(Ахмад)
Senior Lieutenant
(ахлах дэслэгч)
Lieutenant
(дэслэгч)
Mongolia Mongolian Air Force No equivalent 17.Mongolian Air Force-GEN.svg 16.Mongolian Air Force-LG.svg 15.Mongolian Air Force-MG.svg 14.Mongolian Air Force-BG.svg 13.Mongolian Air Force-COL.svg 12.Mongolian Air Force-LTC.svg 11.Mongolian Air Force-MAJ.svg 10.Mongolian Air Force-CPT.svg 09.Mongolian Air Force-SLT.svg 08.Mongolian Air Force-LT.svg 07.Mongolian Air Force-JLT.svg No equivalent
General
(Генерал)
Lieutenant general
(дэслэгч генерал)
Major general
(хошууч генерал)
Brigadier general
(бригадын генерал)
Colonel
(хурандаа)
Lieutenant Colonel
(дэд хурандаа)
Major
(хошууч)
Captain
(Ахмад)
Senior Lieutenant
(ахлах дэслэгч)
Lieutenant
(дэслэгч)
Junior Lieutenant
(Бага Дэслэгч)

Enlisted[edit]

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the army and air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Mongolia Mongolian Army 09-Mongolian Army-SSG.svg 08-Mongolian Army-TSG.svg 07-Mongolian Army-1SG.svg 06-Mongolian Army-2SG.svg 05-Mongolian Army-1SG.svg 04-Mongolian Army-SCP.svg 03-Mongolian Army-CPL.svg 02-Mongolian Army-LCP.svg 01-Mongolian Army-PVT.svg
Sergeant Major
Тэргүүн ахлагч
Master Sergeant
Cургагч ахлагч
Sergeant First Class
Aхлах ахлагч
Staff Sergeant
Aхлагч
Sergeant
Дэд ахлагч
Corporal
Ахлах түрүүч
Private First Class
Түрүүч
Private
Дэд түрүүч
Recruit
Байлдагч
Mongolia Mongolian Air Force 06.Mongolian Air Force-SSG.svg No equivalent
05.Mongolian Air Force-SSGT.svg 04.Mongolian Air Force-SGT.svg 03.Mongolian Air Force-JSG.svg No equivalent 02.Mongolian Air Force-PFC.svg 01.Mongolian Air Force-PVT.svg
Sergeant Major Senior Sergeant Sergeant Junior Sergeant Private First Class Private

References[edit]