The front cover of a contemporary Mongolian passport.
|Type of document||Passport|
|Eligibility requirements||Mongolian citizenship|
A Mongolian passport is a document which authorises and facilitates travel and other activities in Mongolia or by Mongolian citizens.
In medieval times, the Mongol Empire issued passports (gerege) to officials and emissaries. This authorised them to claim facilities for travel throughout the empire using the yam (Örtöö) system of relay stations which provided food and remounts.
Nowadays, all Mongolian citizens are required to register and apply for a civil passport (now called a civil ID card, Mongolian: Иргэний үнэмлэх) within 30 days of reaching the age of 16. This is a form of identity document for these often nomadic people.
Foreign travel passports are issued to citizens of Mongolia for international travel. New Mongolian passports are issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) in Ulaanbaatar or at Mongolian Embassies worldwide.
Types of passports
- Ordinary passport (red), Engiin passport
- Official passport (green), Alban passport
- Diplomatic passport (blue), Diplomat passport
In 2016, Mongolian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 58 countries and territories, ranking the Mongolian passport 81st in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.
- Stephen Spencer Gosch, Peter N. Stearns, Premodern travel in world history
- William Elliott Butler, The Mongolian legal system: contemporary legislation and documentation
- Mongolian Consular-General, Australia
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