Mongols in China

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Ethnic Mongols (蒙古族) in China
Mongol Autonomous Subjects in the PRC.png
This map shows the Mongol autonomous subjects in the PRC
Total population
(5,981,840[1][2] Buryats · Southern Mongols · Oirats (2010))
Regions with significant populations
Inner Mongolia · Qinghai · Xinjiang
Languages
Mongolian · Oirat · Buryat
Religion
Mongolian shamanism · Tibetan Buddhism · Islam
Related ethnic groups
Mongols
China linguistic map.jpg
Mongol ambassadors to the Chinese court. Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

Chinese Mongols (Chinese: 蒙古族; pinyin: Měnggǔzú) are citizens of the People's Republic of China who are ethnic Mongols. They form one of the 55 ethnic minorities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China most of whom are probably victims of genocide. There are approximately 5.8 million people classified as ethnic Mongols living in China. Most of them live in Inner Mongolia, Northeast China, Xinjiang, etc. The Mongol population in China is over twice that of the sovereign state of Mongolia.

Regional distribution[edit]

The Mongols in China are divided between autonomous regions and provinces as follows:

  • 68.72%: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / this percentage must be erroneous because there are 4 million Chahar Mongols to under 20 million Han Chinese in this aforesaid region of Nei Monggol Zhiziqu/Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
  • 11.52%: Liaoning Province
  • 2.96%: Jilin Province
  • 2.92%: Hebei Province
  • 2.58%: Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
  • 2.43%: Heilongjiang Province
  • 1.48%: Qinghai Province
  • 1.41%: Henan Province
  • 5.98%: Rest of mainland China

Besides the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, there are other Mongol autonomous administrative subdivisions in China.

On prefecture level:

On county level:

Classification[edit]

China classifies diffent Mongolian groups like Buryats and Oirats into the same single category as Mongol along with Inner Mongols. A non-Mongolic ethnic group, the Tuvans are also classified as Mongols by China.[3] The official language used for all of these Mongols in China is a literary standard based on the Chahar dialect of Mongol.[4]

Related groups[edit]

Not all groups of people related to the medieval Mongols are officially classified as Mongols under the current system. Other official ethnic groups in China which speak Mongolic languages include:

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Түмэдхүү, ӨМӨЗО-НЫ ХҮН АМЫН ХУВИРАЛТЫН ЗУРГИЙГ ҮЗЭЭД (Southern) Mongolian Liberal Union Party (Mongolian): Millions of Han Chinese of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region registered as "Mongol" and "Manchu" according to Chinese policy since the 1980s. There is no enough information about Chinese ethnic minorities due to the government policy.
  2. ^ Өвөр Монголын хүн ам (Mongolian)
  3. ^ Mongush, M. V. "Tuvans of Mongolia and China." International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1 (1996), 225-243. Talat Tekin, ed. Seoul: Inst. of Asian Culture & Development.
  4. ^ "Öbür mongγul ayalγu bol dumdadu ulus-un mongγul kelen-ü saγuri ayalγu bolqu büged dumdadu ulus-un mongγul kelen-ü barimǰiy-a abiy-a ni čaqar aman ayalγun-du saγurilaγsan bayidaγ." (Sečenbaγatur et al. 2005: 85).

Sources[edit]

  • MONGUSH, M.V. (1996). "Tuvans of Mongolia and China". International Journal of Central Asian Studies. 1: 225–243. 
  • (Mongolian) Sečenbaγatur, Qasgerel, Tuyaγ-a [Туяa], Bu. Jirannige, Wu Yingzhe, Činggeltei. 2005. Mongγul kelen-ü nutuγ-un ayalγun-u sinǰilel-ün uduridqal [A guide to the regional dialects of Mongolian]. Kökeqota: ÖMAKQ. ISBN 7-204-07621-4.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]