Mongondow people

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Mongondow people
Bolaang Mongondow
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Vergadering van de P.I.K.A.T. (Pertjintaan Iboe Kepada Anak Toeroen-toemoeroen) een vrouwen-vereniging uit Manado. Hier de afdeling Mongondow Bolaangmongondow Noord-Celebes TMnr 10000761.jpg
A group of Mongondow women in North Sulawesi, pre-1943.
Total population
(230.000 (2000) [1])
Regions with significant populations
North Sulawesi
Mongondow language, Manado Malay, Kaidipangi language, Lolakian language, Ponosakanese language, Bolangoan language, Bintaunese language
Islam 69% ; Protestantism 20% ; Roman Catholicism 10% ; Hinduism [2]
Related ethnic groups
Gorontaloan people, Minahasan people, Sangirese people, Talaud, Visayans

The Mongondow or Bolaang Mongondow people are an ethnic group native to the north-eastern part of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. The Mongondows are predominantly Muslim. They have traditionally been concentrated in the provinces of North Sulawesi and Gorontalo. This ethnic group used to be united by a single entity, the Kingdom of Bolaang Mongondow, which became the western regencies of North Sulawesi after the Indonesian independence.


The name Bolaang originated from the word Bolango or Balangon which means Sea. Bolaang or Golaang could also means "Bright" or "Exposed and Undark", while Mongondow originated from Momondow which means "Cries of Victory".[3]


The beginnings to the 8th and 9th century[edit]

The people of Mongondow believed that their ancestors originate from the offspring of Gumalangit and Tendeduata, as well as from Tumotoiboko and Tumotoibokat that were living on Mount Komasan, in today's Bintauna, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency. The descendants of both of their offspring later became the Mongondow people. The population of the Mongondows grew and spread beyond their native region such as Tudu in Lombagin, Buntalo, Pondoli’, Ginolantungan, Tudu in Passi, Tudu in Lolayan, Tudu in Sia’, Tudu in Bumbungon, Mahag, Siniow and so forth. The source of income for the Mongondows in those days include hunting, fishing, processing of sago, and harvesting of tuber in the jungle. In short, they have yet to learn farming in those days.[4]