Mongrel Mob

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Mongrel Mob
Mongrel Mob.jpeg
A Mongrel Mob member with his patch tattooed onto his face
Founded 1962[1]
Founding location Hawke's Bay, New Zealand
Years active 1960s–present
Territory New Zealand, Australia
Ethnicity Mixed, predominantly Māori and Polynesian
Membership (est.) 1,000+[2]
Criminal activities Drug trafficking, weapon trafficking, extortion, assault, murder, robbery, theft and money laundering
Allies Bloods, Storm Troopers, Rebels MC
Rivals Black Power, Crips, Road Knights, Satans Slaves, Tribesmen, Killer Beez, Nomads
Mongrel Mob Notorious

Mongrel Mob is an organised street gang based in New Zealand that has a network of more than thirty chapters throughout the country. They are especially active in King Country, Opotiki, Waikato and Hastings.[3][4][5] The Mongrel Mob's main rival is the Black Power gang and there have been several very public and violent clashes between the two gangs over the years.

History[edit]

The gang began with a group of mainly European youths from Wellington and Hawke's Bay in the 1960s. Legend within the gang holds that the name originated from the comments of a judge in the Hastings District Court, who referred to a group of men before him as "mongrels".[1][6] Whatever the origin, the group embraced the term. By the late 1960s loose groups of rebellious young men in Wellington and Hawke's Bay were calling themselves Mongrels.[1] By 1966 they were wearing patches bearing the name ‘Mongrel Mob’.[7]

By about 1970 the Mongrels were also known as the Mongrel Mob, and the gang had expanded to include numerous Māori. Members consider Hastings in Hawke's Bay to be the gang's "Fatherland" or birthplace, and the gang first became known for its violence in Hawke's Bay.[1] Later, similarly named groups sprang up around the country, forming their own independent chapters.

In the 2000s and 2010s, the Mongrel Mob is expanding into parts of Australia.[8][9][10]

Chapters[edit]

According to Te Ara; in 2010, there are over 30 recognised chapters of the Mongrel Mob;[7] including,

Insignia[edit]

Mongrel Mob colours are predominantly red and black. The patches usually feature a swastika and a British Bulldog wearing a German Stahlhelm, which supposedly is an image intended to offend as it is a British Bulldog wearing the helmet. The patch is worn on the back of "patched members": those considered 'loyal' and 'trustworthy' enough to be in the gang. The patch will also be tattooed on the member's body. Mob members are known for their tattooed faces and red bandannas.

Membership[edit]

The gang claims it offers a surrogate 'family' for young men, most of whom are often alienated from their family via joining. A majority of members are from New Zealand's Māori, European or other Polynesian ethnic groups, with Māori or part Māori predominating.

A "prospect" is a person who is loyal to the gang but is not a "patched member" yet and must normally do errands or "missions" to show his loyalty to his gang. A "prospect" normally has a "patched member" to report or "clock in" to. This "patched member" normally decides when it is time for the "prospect" to be "patched".

The hierarchy is: captain or president, vice president, sergeant at arms, patched members, prospects. In some cases they use younger blood gangs as prospects.

There were 934 members in prison in April 2013, making up more than a tenth of all New Zealand prisoners.[2] In the Wellington region, there were an estimated 194 "patched members" in 2013.[15]

Notable members[edit]

  • Anaru "Fats" Moke, Wellington member, often featured in the media.[16]
  • Dennis Makalio - Senior member, often featured in New Zealand media.[17]
  • Roy Dunn - Mongrel Mob President who died on 1 April 2016.[18]
  • Tuhoe Isaac - Former senior member often featured in the media.[19]

Criminal activity[edit]

Organised crime[edit]

  • Operation Crusade

In 2001, The New Zealand Police launched Operation Crusade, A long police surveillance operation of the Christchurch-based Mongrel Mob Aotearoa chapter. The main purpose of the Operation was to disrupt and destroy a suspected drug sales-ring controlled by the Mongrel Mob. Over a 15-month period, the Operation targeted the gang using taps on the phones of known Mongrel Mob Aotearoa members and undercover police buying drugs from the gang. The operation culminated in co-ordinated raids resulting in nearly 40 arrests and a "huge trial" in the High Court at Christchurch.[20]

Joseph 'Junior' Wiringi and most of the chapter's top hierarchy were arrested in 2003 as part of the police investigation on more than 70 charges, including dealing in methamphetamine and magic mushrooms and possessing firearms. The operation confirmed the suspicions of Police and revealed brazen drug dealing from the gang's former headquarters on Wilsons Rd.[21]

Other incidents[edit]

  • In June 1971, members of the Hell’s Angels, Highway 61, the Polynesian Panthers and the Mongrel Mob gangs engaged in a large Gang-related brawl in Central Auckland.[22]
  • On 14 August 1981, then Mongrel Mob Wellington-leader Lester Epps awoke outside the gang pad. Lester had fought the Eastern Suburbs Rugby League Club at the Tramway Hotel the night before. Lester tried to flee through the Basin Reserve, however he ultimately was caught and beaten. He died later in hospital. All people involved eventually received 18-month prison terms for manslaughter.[23][24]
  • In June 1987, Mongrel Mob member Sam Te Hei raped and murdered 16-year-old Colleen Burrows in Napier.[23][25]
  • In 1988, a young woman was kidnapped by the Mongrel Mob and taken to a convention in Auckland, where she was subsequently raped by over 15 members of the gang.[22]
  • On 9 September 2011, a member of the Wairoa Mongrel Mob Chapter fired a sawn-off shotgun at a local Rugby League match due the fact that there were Black Power Gang members in attendance.[26]
  • In August 2016, it was reported that a 31-year-old with Mongrel Mob Aotearoa links was under the influence of methamphetamine and alcohol had caused a crash with a taxi in Christchurch, injuring two people.[27]
  • According to the Northern Territory News, between the establishment of the Mongrel Mob Darwin in September 2016 and January 2017; there have been roughly four un-reported assaults involving Mongrel Mob members; including a brawl with a member of the Australian Hells Angels.[14]

Community services[edit]

Rent a Bro[edit]

In 2005, Mongrel Mob Notorious and its leader Roy Dunn started a labour-hire business. The company will undertake painting, demolition, and other tasks for those who hire. When asked what exactly the company will undertake, Mr Dunn replied, "You name it, we'll do it." He also added, "We are setting this up for our kids, creating the employment, bringing them in."[28]

A search on the New Zealand Companies Office showed that Mr Dunn was a joint-shareholder in two separate companies, both named Rent A Bro Limited at one point, however the older company's name was changed to BRO 2007 Limited in 2011,[29] just months before the second company was incorporated.[30] BRO 2007 was incorporated in 2007 as Rent A Bro Limited and changed its name to BRO 2007 Limited in 2011 and subsequently removed from the company registry in 2012. Rent A Bro Limited was incorporated in 2011 and was removed from the company registry in 2013.

The Hauora Programme[edit]

In 2010, Mongrel Mob Notorious President Roy Dunn and his Māngere-based Notorious Chapter of the Mongrel Mob announced The Hauora Programme partnership with The Salvation Army to combat the Methamphetamine drug use in New Zealand. By 2013, they had completed five intakes of 'P' users who wanted to rid themselves of addiction.[12]

In a press release via The Salvation Army, Mr Dunn stated, "When our whanau arrive at rehab, we discover how some of them have been living—and the effects of this on their kids. Many onlookers could say that we do things to excess, and maybe that is true. Our journey so far has been about learning. We still do and get things wrong because we don’t necessarily know how to do things differently. I ask my leaders all the time to consider changing what they know for a different way. I haven’t always had total acceptance of this journey. It continues to be one step at a time... ...As our rehabs have progressed—we have just had our fifth rehab programme—I ask myself, has this journey been worth it? I guess my answer is that every time I bury another one of my bros, my gut turns, and so I keep going on this journey. I remind myself of where we have come from and our vision to see our children free. Our vision to know and understand values that see us embrace that which we are good at: being whanau, looking out for each other, and having a good future for our kids."

In media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gilbert, Jarrod (2013). Patched: The History of Gangs in New Zealand. Auckland University Press. pp. 37–43. 
  2. ^ a b Johnston, Kirsty (9 June 2013). "LA-style gangs fuel problems in NZ prisons". Stuff. Fairfax NZ News. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Collins, Simon (25 July 2006). "Gang shackles define life on the Ford Block". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Rowan, Juliet (10 March 2006). "Police seize Mongrel Mob arms cache". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Police say Mongrel Mob still criminals". Daily Post, 14 December 2006.
  6. ^ "Chapter 3", Jarrod, Patched: The History of Gangs in New Zealand
  7. ^ a b "Page 3. Māori gangs and Pacific youth gangs". teara.govt.nz. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Dowsley, Anthony (1 March 2013). "Evil New Zealand gang comes to Melbourne, and bikies won't like it". Herald Sun. 
  9. ^ "Mongrel Mob launches Gold Coast chapter". NZ Herald. February 21, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Rival Kiwi crime gangs Black Power and Mongrel Mob muscle up in Melbourne". The Age. June 1, 2016. 
  11. ^ Sriech, Gregory W. Urban Social Capital: Civil Society and City Life (1 ed.). Routledge. p. 164. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Dunn, Roy (12 January 2013). "Journeying together for a second chance". Salvation Army New Zealand. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "Mongrel Mob launches Gold Coast chapter". New Zealand Herald. 21 February 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Banks, Kieran (6 January 2017). "Mongrel Mob take over Darwin club strip". News Corp. NT News. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  15. ^ Boyer, Sam. "Mob members half of capital's gangsters". Fairfax NZ News. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  16. ^ Nicoll, Jared (24 July 2016). "Mongrel mobster 'Fats' on a mission to get fit before diabetes claims his life". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  17. ^ O'Neil, Andrea (10 September 2013). "Stand-off over gang patches". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  18. ^ Kerr, Florence (1 April 2016). "Mongrel Mob Notorious president Roy Dunn remembered". Stuff. 
  19. ^ "Tuhoe Isaac profile". Rethinking crime and punishment. Robson Hanan Trust. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  20. ^ "Raids on Mongrel Mob end in courtroom". New Zealand Herald. 7 September 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  21. ^ Ensor, Blair (17 September 2016). "Prison a way of life for the Mongrel Mob". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  22. ^ a b "Page 4. Gangs and crime". teara.govt.nz. Te Ara: New Zealand's Encyclopedia. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  23. ^ a b Edgarr, Tristian (14 July 2008). "Gang Land". Salient. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  24. ^ Bidwell, Hamish (23 July 2011). "Poignant family outing for Henry family". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  25. ^ Tait, Morgan (20 October 2012). "Killer's release terrifies mother". New Zealand Herald. Hawkes Bay Today. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  26. ^ Marks, Kathy (11 September 2011). "Dark side of a warrior culture". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  27. ^ Clarkson, Anne (21 August 2016). "Meth involved in dangerous driving that injured two". Christchurch Court News. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  28. ^ Collins, Simon (6 November 2005). "Need it done? 'Rent a Bro'". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  29. ^ "BRO 2007 LIMITED (1876441) Removed". Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "RENT A BRO LIMITED (3334271) Removed". companiesoffice.govt.nz. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  31. ^ "The film the Mongrel Mob didn't want you to see". Stuff.co.nz. 4 May 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  32. ^ "Jono Rotman: Mongrel Mob Portraits". City Gallery Wellington. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links[edit]