Monique de Bissy

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Monique de Bissy after her liberation by U.S. troops in August 1944.

Monique de Bissy (married Schimmelpenninck; March 13, 1923 – November 17, 2009) was a French-Belgian resistance member during World War II.

She was born in Schaerbeek, Belgium and died in Montpellier, France.[1][2]

Belgian Resistance[edit]

Monique de Bissy started the war as a nurse for the Belgian Red Cross and then she enrolled in the Resistance after the Belgian defeat in 1940 (aged 17). She worked for several resistance groups, such as the « Brigade Blanche », and the « Ailes Brisées ». She also worked on the Comet Line. She organized and participated in the evasion to Spain of 20 Allies pilots after their aircraft had been shot by the German Army around the Belgian city of Liège. She was arrested in 1944 after denunciation and was taken to the jail of Maastricht in Netherlands where she was tortured.

After four months of detention she was liberated by U.S. troops in August 1944. She never gave any information to the Nazis during her captivity and she managed to keep her resistance partners safe by her silence.

Monique de Bissy enlisted as nurse in the French army in September 1944.

Post-war Activities[edit]

After the war she continued to work as a nurse, first in Belgian Congo, then in Montpellier (south of France) after the independence of the Belgian colony.

In 1946 Monique de Bissy married Gerrit Schimmelpenninck with whom she had three children: Gérard (1947), Sonia (1956) and Joëlle (1958). She has had six grandchildren: Stéphanie (1980), Louis (1981), Sophie (1983), Astrid (1987), Xavier (1990) and Olivier (1991).

She died on November 17, 2009, six months after receiving the Légion d'Honneur from French Senator Jacqueline Gourault in the name of President Nicolas Sarkozy for her contribution to Peace and Freedom during World War II.


Numerous countries have expressed their gratitude through number of medals:


See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ BELGA (2009-11-19). "Death announcement on the Belgian newspaper "La Libre Belgique"". Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  2. ^ Death announcement on the French newspaper "Midi Libre"
  3. ^ "Announce dof the promotion to the grade of Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur of Mme Monique de Bissy". 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  4. ^ Announce of the ceremony of Légion d'Honneur decoration by French senator par Jacqueline Gourault Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.