Monkey Punch in Kyoto, 2009
|Born||Kazuhiko Katō (加藤一彦)|
May 26, 1937
Hamanaka, Hokkaido, Japan
|Died||April 11, 2019 (aged 81)|
Sakura, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
|Pen name||Monkey Punch, Eiji Gamuta, Kazuhiko Katō (加東一彦)|
|Occupation||Manga artist, writer, professor|
|Notable works||Lupin III|
|Notable awards||Inkpot Award (1981)|
Kazuhiko Katō (Japanese: 加藤一彦, Hepburn: Katō Kazuhiko, May 26, 1937 – April 11, 2019), known by the pen name Monkey Punch (モンキー・パンチ, Monkī Panchi), was a Japanese manga artist, best known for his series Lupin III. In April 2005, he became the professor of Manga and Animation at Otemae University, in their Faculty of Media and Arts, and was a visiting professor at Tokyo University of Technology in May 2010. He was born in Hamanaka, Hokkaido, and resided in Sakura, Chiba until his death in 2019. He received the Inkpot Award in 1981 and a special Tokyo Anime Award in 2015.
Life and career
Katō began drawing at a very young age, but did not draw manga until junior high school, when his manga strips were used in the school newspaper. After graduating, he moved to Tokyo to look for work and began going to a technical school for electronics, continuing to draw for fun. While working in a dōjinshi group with other artists, he was recruited by Futabasha and drew yonkoma.
Katō first started to work as a professional manga artist, under the pen name Kazuhiko Katō (加東一彦, Katō Kazuhiko, pronounced the same as his real name, but written with different characters). In 1965, he made his debut with Playboy School, writing under the name of Eiji Gamuta (がむた永二, Gamuta Eiji). The editor of the magazine that "discovered him" then suggested the pen name Monkey Punch. Katō claims that he did not like the name, but agreed because it was his boss's idea and his next series was only supposed to be a three-month project. When the series, Lupin III, became popular, he was stuck with the name.
Lupin III made its debut on August 10, 1967 in the first issue of the magazine Weekly Manga Action, the cover was also drawn by Monkey Punch. It went on to become an extremely popular and successful media franchise, spawning numerous manga, six animated television series, seven animated feature films, two live-action films, three OVAs, near-yearly television specials since 1989, music CDs, video games, and a musical. Monkey Punch himself even directed the 1996 film, Dead or Alive.
His younger brother, Teruhiko, worked as his assistant on Lupin III. For years it was widely believed that the pen name Monkey Punch referred to the two brothers working together as a creative duo, but in a 2017 interview they clarified that this idea stemmed from a mistaken magazine article, and that the name Monkey Punch should be understood to refer exclusively to the older brother Kazuhiko, who did all of the main creative work concerning the characters, story, and the main drawings. The younger brother Teruhiko explained that he was exclusively doing assistant work.
On April 21, 2007, Monkey Punch participated in a series of lectures on the "interaction of manga and culture throughout the world" at the Freer Gallery of Art. In 2008, Monkey Punch was a judge at the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs' Second International Manga Awards.
He designed the characters for the pachinko game CR Ginroku Gijinden Roman in 2012. The following year an anime adaptation of the game began airing on January 7, 2013, with Monkey Punch's designs adapted by Satoshi Hirayama, and was streamed with English subtitles on Crunchyroll.
List of works
- Number 5 + α
- Gun Hustler
- Rebellious Child
- List the Criminal
- Open Homicide
- Clandestine Work
- The Man Who Does Not Have a Shadow
- The Person Whom it Uses
- Vengeance (Fukushu) as Kazuhiko Katō
- Ghost Story Guy as Kazuhiko Katō
- Playboy School (プレーボーイ入門, Purēbōi Nyūmon) as Eiji Gamuta
- Needless Axle of Wilderness
- Pink Guard Man ... Blues of the Assassin (Pinku Gado Man ... Hissatsu no Burusu)
- Outsider (Autosaida Monkey Punch)
- The Ginza Whirlwind Child (Ginza Senpuji)
- Lupin III (ルパン三世, Rupan Sansei)
- Western Samurai (Uesutan Samurai)
- Spy Nobility (Supai Shinzoku)
- Document Mania (Dokyumento Kyo)
- Lupin III Other Stories (ルパン三世外伝, Rupan Sansei Gaiden)
- Tac Tics
- Multi (Maruchi)
- Mysterious Jaguarman (Kaijin Jagaman)
- New Adventures of Lupin III (ルパン三世・新冒険, Rupan Sansei Shin Bōken)
- The Siamese Cat (シャム猫, Shamu Neko)
- Monsieur Koga
- Sufficiently Motivated (Yaruki Jubun)
- Decoy House Slug (Kikuya Namekuji)
- Venus of Diamond (Daia no Binasu)
- I am Casanova (Ore ha Kazanoba)
- Color Girl (Kara Garu)
- Isshuku Ippan (一宿一飯)
- Lupin the Kid (ルパン小僧, Rupan Kozō)
- Little Dracula (Dorakyura-kun)
- Up-Up Balloon (UP-UP Barun)
- New Lupin III (新ルパン三世, Shin Rupan Sansei, known in North America as Lupin III – World's Most Wanted)
- The Reverse Aesop's Fables (逆イソップ物語, Gyaku Isoppu Monogatari)
- Transparent Gentleman (Tomei Shinshi)
- Time Agent (Jikan Ejento)
- Kaiketsu Zero
- Cinderella Boy (シンデレラボーイ, Shinderera Boi)
- Hauler Holmes' (ホームズ, Hōmuzu)
- Space Adventure Team Mechabunger (Uchū Bōken-tai Mekabanja)
- Another work from Cinderella Boy.
- Roller Boy (Rora Boi)
- Lucky Monkey (Raki Monki)
- Pinky Punky (ピンキィ パンキィ Pinkī Pankī)
- Dirty Joke (ダアティ ジョオク Dāteī Jōku)
- Robot Baseball Team Galacters (ろぼっと球団ガラクターズ/おまかせスクラッパーズ, Robotto Kyudan Garakutāzu)
- Monkey Punch no Sekai: Alice (December 13)
- Scramble Saver Kids
- One Thousand and One Nights' Story (Senya Ichiya Monogatari)
- Mankatsu (漫画活動大写真)
- Musashi -Way of the Gun- (MUSASHI -GUN道-, Musashi -Gandō-)
- Mankatsu (anime)
- Bakumatsu Gijinden Roman (幕末義人伝 浪漫, original character designs)
- "Otemae University – Manga Production Department, Faculty of Media and Arts (Major)". Otemae University. Archived from the original on June 21, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- "Mangaka punches above his weight". Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- "Tokyo University of Technology – Faculty of media". Tokyo University of Technology. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- ＜モンキー・パンチさん＞「ルパン三世」の生みの親が肺炎のため死去 81歳（まんたんウェブ）. Yahoo! Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- "Lupin III Manga Author Monkey Punch Passes Away at Age of 81". Crunchyroll. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- "Lupin III's Monkey Punch, More Win TAAF's Meritorious Service Award". Anime News Network. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- "Interview: Monkey Punch". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- "A Few Stolen Moments with Monkey Punch". Mangazine. Antarctic Press. January 1995.
- "ルーザーズ ～日本初の週刊青年漫画誌の誕生～". 双葉社 (in Japanese). Retrieved May 9, 2020.
- ""Manga to Anime: From Astro Boy to Spirited Away" at the Smithsonian". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- "Lau Wan Kit's Feel 100% Wins 2nd Int'l Manga Award". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Monkey Punch's Roman Phantom Thief Game Gets TV Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Crunchyroll to Stream Bakumatsu Gijinden Roman TV Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "'Lupin III' to get a live-action film adaptation starring Oguri Shun". Tokyohive. November 27, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "モンキー・パンチさんが死去 | 2019/4/17(水)". Yahoo!ニュース (in Japanese). Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- Sherman, Jennifer (April 16, 2019). "Lupin III Creator Monkey Punch Passes Away". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Boucher, Geoff (April 17, 2019). "Monkey Punch, Manga Artist And Creator Of 'Lupin III,' Dead at 81". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- Yadao, Jason S. (October 1, 2009). The Rough Guide to Manga. Penguin. ISBN 9781405384230.
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