Monkwearmouth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Monkwearmouth
St Peter's Church-Monkwearmouth.jpg
St Peter's Church
Monkwearmouth is located in Tyne and Wear
Monkwearmouth
Monkwearmouth
Location within Tyne and Wear
OS grid referenceNZ350549
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSUNDERLAND
Postcode districtSR5, SR6
Dialling code0191
PoliceNorthumbria
FireTyne and Wear
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°54′53″N 1°22′57″W / 54.9146°N 1.3825°W / 54.9146; -1.3825Coordinates: 54°54′53″N 1°22′57″W / 54.9146°N 1.3825°W / 54.9146; -1.3825

Monkwearmouth is an area of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear in North East England. Monkwearmouth is located at the north side of the mouth of the River Wear. It was one of the three original settlements on the banks of the River Wear along with Bishopwearmouth and Sunderland, the area now known as the East End. It includes the area around St. Peter's Church, founded in 674[1] as part of Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, and was once the main centre of Wearside shipbuilding and coalmining in the town. It is now host to a campus of the University of Sunderland and the National Glass Centre. It is served by the three Church of England churches of the Parish of Monkwearmouth.

Monkwearmouth is across the river from the Port of Sunderland at Sunderland Docks.

The locals of the area were called "Barbary Coasters". The borough stretches from Wearmouth Bridge to the harbour mouth on the north side of the river and is one of the oldest parts of Sunderland.

The former railway station, closed in 1968 by the Beeching Axe, is now the Monkwearmouth Station Museum and features a restored booking office dating from the Edwardian period. Since 2002, Monkwearmouth has once again been served by rail transport, this time via St Peter's Tyne and Wear Metro station a few hundred metres south of the old station.

Wearmouth Colliery, a coal mine, was closed in December 1993 after it had been in operation for over 100 years.[2] The site is now the home of the Stadium of Light, which opened in July 1997 and is the home of the football club Sunderland A.F.C., who had previously played at Roker Park.[2]

Monkwearmouth was part of the Sunderland North parliamentary constituency for elections to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Monkwearmouth is now part of Sunderland Central.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.seeitdoitsunderland.co.uk/st-peters
  2. ^ a b "Wearmouth Colliery reunion remembers Sunderland's pit heritage". Sunderland Echo. 9 March 2015. Archived from the original on 1 May 2018.