Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge
|Monkwearmouth railway bridge|
Wearmouth Rail Bridge (left), Wearmouth road bridge (right), 2006
|Carries||Rail, 2 tracks|
|Heritage status||Grade II listed|
|Design||Vierendeel truss bowstring arch|
The Monkwearmouth railway bridge (also Sunderland railway bridge or Wearmouth railway bridge) is a rail bridge built 1879 crossing the River Wear at Sunderland and Monkwearmouth. The bridge lies adjacent to and upstream of the Wearmouth road bridge.
Originally built as part of the Monkwearmouth Junction Line, it provided the first direct railway link between Newcastle and Sunderland. As of 2012, the bridge remains in use and is used by Tyne and Wear Metro and Durham Coast Line services.
History and design
The bridge was built as part of the infrastructure for the Monkwearmouth Junction Line, opened 1879; a connecting line across the wear built to connect the line of the former Brandling Junction Railway at Monkwearmouth to the south bank at Sunderland and the line of the former Durham and Sunderland Railway.
The bridge was designed by T.E. Harrison: it consisted of a 300 ft (91 m) main span, an iron bowstring bridge, constructed from box girders connected by a Vierendeel truss with curved corner strengthening to create elliptical voids in the bracing. The iron bridge was supported 86 ft (26 m) above high water level on the Wear. At either end of the bridge were three 25 ft (7.6 m) span masonry arches. Hawks, Crawshay and Sons built the ironwork, John Waddell was contractor for the stonework. At the time of its construction it was claimed to be the largest hogsback iron bridge in the world.
The structure was grade II listed in 1978, planning consent was required for alterations to the structure circa 2000 for works relating to Metro construction: for the installation of overhead line electrification; and for the construction of a station (St Peter's Metro station), constructed on the northern approach viaduct of the bridge. In 2007 the bridge underwent repairs and strengthening, including the installation of 45 new transverse beams.
- Tomlinson, W.W. (1915), The North Eastern Railway; its rise and development, Andrew Reid and Company, Newcastle; Longmans, Green and Company, London, p. 685
- Rennison, Robert William (1996), Civil Engineering Heritage: Northern England (2 ed.), Thomas Telford Publishing, p. 65, ISBN 07277 2518 1
- Historic England. "MONKWEARMOUTH RAILWAY BRIDGE OVER RIVER WEAR WITH VIADUCT TO NORTH (1207051)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "97/00737/LBC - Works to Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge, including partial demolition of viaduct parapets ..", www.sunderland.gov.uk, 8 May 1997
- "97/00736/LBC - Installation of overhead electric line equipment ..", www.sunderland.gov.uk, 8 May 1997
- MacKay, K. R. (1999). "Sunderland Metro - Challenge and Opportunity". Proceedings of the ICE - Municipal Engineer. Institute of Civil Engineers. 133 (2): 53. doi:10.1680/imuen.1999.31757.
- "Monkwearmouth Bridge Strengthening" (PDF), www.tatalsteeleurope.com
- "Pyeroy Group - Works underway on Monkwearmouth bridge", www.railwaystrategies.co.uk, 31 August 2007
- "SUNDERLAND RAILWAY BRIDGE", www.bridgesonthetyne.co.uk, retrieved 11 October 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wear railway bridge (Sunderland).|
- Searle, Peter (ed.), "The Sunderland Site Page 2 - Wearmouth Bridges", www.searlecanada.org
|Next bridge upstream||River Wear||Next bridge downstream|
|Queen Alexandra Bridge||Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge||Wearmouth Bridge|