Monmouth (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||65,432 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Abergavenny, Chepstow, Monmouth|
|Member of Parliament||David Davies (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Monmouth Boroughs, North Monmouthshire and South Monmouthshire|
|Senedd||Monmouth, South Wales East|
Monmouth (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a county constituency[n 1] of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). The seat was created for the 1918 general election. Since 2005 the MP has been David Davies of the Conservative Party.[n 2]
The Monmouth Senedd constituency, created in 1999, has normally the same boundaries as the Westminster constituency. These cover a large area, omitting the mainly urban areas of Blaenau Gwent in the west and Newport, Wales in the south.
The current MP is the Conservative David Davies, elected in 2005 and a former member for the Welsh Assembly seat of the same name. To avoid confusion with the Yorkshire Conservative David Davis, he is named in Hansard as "David T.C. Davies".
The constituency is one of eight covering the preserved county of Gwent. The other seven are Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Islwyn, Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney, Newport East, Newport West and Torfaen. Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney, however, straddles the boundary with the preserved county of Mid Glamorgan. It covers most of current local authority of Monmouthshire, with the main towns being Chepstow and Monmouth.
For the 2010 general election, there were no changes to the boundaries of the Monmouth constituency stemming from the Fifth Review of the Boundary Commission for Wales. Likewise there were no boundary changes in 1997.
1918 to 1983
As first used in the 1918 general election, the constituency was a creation of the Representation of the People Act 1918 as one of six constituencies covering the county of Monmouth. Prior to the 1918 election the county had been covered, nominally, by the county constituencies of Northern Monmouthshire, Southern Monmouthshire, and Western Monmouthshire, and the Monmouth Boroughs borough constituency. By 1918, however, administrative county boundaries were out of alignment with constituency boundaries. The new constituency boundaries took account of the new local government boundaries.
The other Monmouthshire constituencies defined by the 1918 legislation were the county constituencies of Abertillery, Bedwellty, Ebbw Vale and Pontypool, and the borough constituency of Newport. This general pattern was maintained until 1983, nine years after the administrative county they were based on had been abolished, but there were some boundary changes during the 1918 to 1983 period.
In 1918 the Monmouth constituency was defined as consisting of the municipal boroughs of Abergavenny, and Monmouth, the urban districts of Caerleon, Chepstow, and Usk, the rural districts of Abergavenny, Chepstow, Magor, Monmouth, Cwmbran and Pontypool, and part of the rural district of St Mellons. The same boundaries were used for the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.
New boundaries, created by the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, were used for the 1950 general election, and the Monmouth constituency was defined as consisting of the municipal boroughs of Abergavenny and Monmouth, the urban districts of Caerleon, Chepstow, Cwmbran and Usk, and the rural districts of Abergavenny, Chepstow, Magor and St Mellons, Monmouth, and Pontypool.
The constituency was redefined again for the 1955 general election, taking account of new local government boundaries. The result was the same list of boroughs and districts as for the 1951 election. 1951 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, February 1974, October 1974 and 1979.
In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the local government county of Monmouth was abolished. For the 1983 general election, new constituency boundaries were drawn, taking account of new local government boundaries.
Members of Parliament
The following list does not include MPs who actually represented Monmouth Boroughs:
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Richard Charles Williams||8,582||25.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||Michael Mackintosh Foot||13,454||36.6||+7.4|
|Labour||Frank Rivers Hancock||11,543||39.9||+3.3|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour||A B L Oakley||20,543||48.1||+11.5|
|Labour||A B L Oakley||18,953||47.3||-0.8|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||G P Thomas||17,725||44.7||-3.4|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||A Calvin Kerr||21,921||42.7||-0.3|
|Liberal||D Hywell Davies||6,764||13.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal||David H Hando||4,601||6.7||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Stuart K Neale||1,501||2.5||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour||F R Thompson||22,707||36.4||-7.9|
|Liberal||David H Hando||11,506||18.4||+11.7|
|Plaid Cymru||E H Spanwick||930||1.5||-1.0|
|Liberal||David H Hando||10,076||16.9||-1.5|
|Plaid Cymru||T Brimmacombe||839||1.4||-0.1|
|Labour||T M Steel||23,785||35.8||-1.1|
|Liberal||David H Hando||8,494||12.8||-4.1|
|Plaid Cymru||G Williams||641||1.0||-0.4|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||21,746||49.2||-1.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Gwynddri Williams||493||1.1||+0.1|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||22,387||47.5||−1.7|
|Plaid Cymru||Sian Meredudd||363||0.8||−0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Frances David||11,164||24.8||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||314||0.7||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Melvin Witherden||277||0.6||-0.2|
|Unitax Independent||Peter Carpenter||164||0.4||N/A|
|Corrective Party||Lindi St Clair||121||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-12.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Frances David||5,562||10.9||−13.1|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Melvin Witherden||431||0.8||±0.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Williams||4,689||9.6||-1.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Alan Cotton||516||1.1||+0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Neil Parker||5,080||11.4||+1.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Marc Hubbard||1,068||2.4||+1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Phylip A. D. Hobson||5,852||12.8||+1.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||993||2.2||−0.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.4|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Blakebrough||9,026||19.4||+6.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||1,273||2.7||+0.5|
Of the 75 rejected ballots:
- 54 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 20 voted for more than one candidate.
- 1 had writing or mark by which the voter could be identified.
|Liberal Democrats||Veronica German||2,496||5.3||−14.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||1,875||3.9||+1.2|
|English Democrat||Stephen Morris||100||0.2||N/A|
Of the 104 rejected ballots:
- 70 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 30 voted for more than one candidate.
- 4 had writing or mark by which the voter could be identified.
|Liberal Democrats||Veronica German||2,064||4.2||−1.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Carole Damon||1,338||2.7||-1.2|
Of the 64 rejected ballots:
- 57 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 7 voted for more than one candidate.
|Liberal Democrats||Alison Willott||4,909||9.8||+5.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Hugh Kocan||1,182||2.4||-0.3|
Of the 136 rejected ballots:
- 112 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 24 voted for more than one candidate.
- Monmouth (Senedd constituency)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Gwent
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Wales
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