Monmouth Battlefield State Park

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Monmouth Battlefield
Craig House farmhouse, Monmouth Battlefield State Park.jpg
The Craig House
Monmouth Battlefield State Park is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Monmouth Battlefield State Park
Monmouth Battlefield State Park is located in New Jersey
Monmouth Battlefield State Park
Monmouth Battlefield State Park is located in the US
Monmouth Battlefield State Park
Location Manalapan / Freehold Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°15′23″N 74°19′15″W / 40.256341°N 74.320899°W / 40.256341; -74.320899Coordinates: 40°15′23″N 74°19′15″W / 40.256341°N 74.320899°W / 40.256341; -74.320899
Built 1778
Website http://www.state.nj.us/dep/parksandforests/parks/monbat.html
NRHP reference # 66000467[1]
NJRHP # 2013[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHLD January 20, 1961[3]
Designated NJRHP May 27, 1971

Monmouth Battlefield State Park is a 1,818-acre (7.36 km2)[4] New Jersey state park located on the border of Manalapan and Freehold Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. This park preserves the historical battlefield on which the American Revolutionary War's Battle of Monmouth was waged.

Appearance and information[edit]

Monmouth Battlefield State Park preserves a rural, eighteenth century landscape of orchards, fields, woods and wetlands encompassing miles of trails for hiking and horseback riding; picnic areas, and a restored Revolutionary War farmhouse called the Craig House.

The park's visitor center rests atop Combs Hill, a hill once commanded by the Continental Army artillery. Within the park's visitor's center one may observe an array of excavated artifacts from the notable eighteenth century battle. On December 5, 2011, the Monmouth Battlefield Visitor Center was closed for renovations through Spring 2013.[5] The renovated Visitors Center was officially reopened on June 13, 2013.[6]

During the final weekend in June (or the weekend nearest to 28 June), an annual reenactment of the 1778 American Revolutionary War battle is performed.

The battlefield is traversed by the rights-of-way (ROW) used by the Farmingdale and Squan Village Railroad/Freehold and Jamesburg Agricultural Railroad and is under consideration for use as part of the Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line. [7]

History of the battlefield[edit]

Monmouth Battlefield State Park.

On June 28, 1778, as Sir Henry Clinton and his troops departed from the Monmouth Court House, George Washington and his Continental Army troops plotted an ambush on the rear column of Clinton's British Army soldiers. It became one of the largest battles of the American Revolution. It took place in the fields and forests that now make up Monmouth Battlefield State Park, though the battle soon ended in a standoff.[8]

The Battle of Monmouth is notable for creating the American legend of Molly Pitcher, a housewife who boldly took her husband's place at the cannon only moments after his peril. In honor of Pitcher, an aging white cenotaph was erected near the property of the battlefield.

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. March 1, 2011. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 2, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Monmouth Battlefield". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2008-06-23. 
  4. ^ "Monmouth Battlefield State Park". NJ Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved 2014-08-13. 
  5. ^ "Monmouth Battlefield State Park". NJ Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  6. ^ Re-Opening of Monmouth Battlefield! Battlefield and Visitor Center Rededication and 235th Anniversary Reenactment of the Battle of Monmouth a Great Success Archived 2015-03-20 at the Wayback Machine., revolutionarynj.org, accessed 6/2/6/13.
  7. ^ Berry, Coleen Dee (September 5, 2008). "Battlefield Latest Holdup for Rail Line". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  8. ^ http://www.state.nj.us/dep/parksandforests/virtual_tours/monmouth_battlefield.html

External links[edit]