Monmouth Beach, New Jersey

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Monmouth Beach, New Jersey
Borough of Monmouth Beach
Southern portion of Monmouth Beach along Ocean Avenue (Route 36)
Southern portion of Monmouth Beach along Ocean Avenue (Route 36)
Map of Monmouth Beach in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Monmouth Beach in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Monmouth Beach, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Monmouth Beach, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°20′09″N 73°59′08″W / 40.335895°N 73.985608°W / 40.335895; -73.985608Coordinates: 40°20′09″N 73°59′08″W / 40.335895°N 73.985608°W / 40.335895; -73.985608[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMonmouth
IncorporatedMarch 9, 1906
Government
 • TypeWalsh Act
 • BodyBoard of Commissioners
 • MayorSusan Howard (term ends May 11, 2021)[3][4]
 • AdministratorJudy Wilson[5]
 • Municipal clerkJoyce Escalante[6]
Area
 • Total2.07 sq mi (5.37 km2)
 • Land1.04 sq mi (2.70 km2)
 • Water1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)  49.81%
Area rank406th of 565 in state
30th of 53 in county[1]
Elevation20 ft (6 m)
Population
 • Total3,279
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
3,239
 • Rank440th of 566 in state
39th of 53 in county[13]
 • Density3,049.5/sq mi (1,177.4/km2)
 • Density rank212th of 566 in state
24th of 53 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)732[16]
FIPS code3402547130[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0885305[1][19]
Websitewww.monmouthbeach.us

Monmouth Beach is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 3,279,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 316 (-8.8%) from the 3,595 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 292 (+8.8%) from the 3,303 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

History[edit]

The area was first settled in 1668 and grew into a community with the arrival of the Long Branch and Sea Shore Railroad.[21]

Monmouth Beach was incorporated as a borough on March 9, 1906, by an act of the New Jersey Legislature, when it was created from portions of Ocean Township.[22]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.07 square miles (5.37 km2), including 1.04 square miles (2.70 km2) of land and 1.03 square miles (2.67 km2) of water (49.81%).[1][2]

The borough is a small beach community located on the Jersey Shore, known for its Victorian houses and the new multimillion-dollar homes located throughout the neighborhood. It was recently affected by Hurricane Sandy, damaging multiple homes. Monmouth Beach is one square mile, with the ocean to the east and the Shrewsbury River to the northwest.[23] In the Forbes magazine 2012 rankings of "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes", the borough was ranked 276th, with a median price of $937,020.[24]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Galilee.[25] The Sea Bright–Monmouth Beach Seawall parallel to the ocean.

The borough is bordered by the Monmouth County communities of Little Silver, Long Branch, Oceanport, Rumson and Sea Bright.[26][27][28]

Within Monmouth Beach are two beach clubs. These are Monmouth Beach Bathing Pavilion, known to locals as "Little Monmouth", and Monmouth Beach Bath and Tennis Club, also known as "Big Monmouth". These spacious beach clubs equipped with pool and beach access. They have lockers, activities, swim teams, and more. Many locals and area residents attend these beach clubs.

Monmouth Beach offers fishing, as well as surfable waves. The Shrewsbury River, which borders the borough, offers sailing, kayaking, and fishing. The great majority of the borough of Monmouth Beach is residential. Places to go within the area include the many restaurants, lounges, and bars in West End, and Pier Village in Long Branch. Other notable locations include Red Bank, and the numerous beaches all along the shore towns to the north and south such as Asbury Park.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910485
1920410−15.5%
193045711.5%
194058427.8%
195080638.0%
19601,36369.1%
19702,04249.8%
19803,31862.5%
19903,303−0.5%
20003,5958.8%
20103,279−8.8%
2019 (est.)3,239[12][29]−1.2%
Population sources:
1910-1920[30] 1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 3,279 people, 1,494 households, and 855 families in the borough. The population density was 3,049.5 per square mile (1,177.4/km2). There were 1,981 housing units at an average density of 1,842.4 per square mile (711.4/km2). The racial makeup was 97.50% (3,197) White, 0.34% (11) Black or African American, 0.09% (3) Native American, 0.73% (24) Asian, 0.03% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.27% (9) from other races, and 1.04% (34) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% (62) of the population.[9]

Of the 1,494 households, 21.7% had children under the age of 18; 48.9% were married couples living together; 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present and 42.8% were non-families. Of all households, 37.5% were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.96.[9]

20.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 18.6% from 25 to 44, 35.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 89.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 86.9 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $94,583 (with a margin of error of +/- $29,606) and the median family income was $129,886 (+/- $7,489). Males had a median income of $108,369 (+/- $6,617) versus $76,813 (+/- $5,948) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $61,385 (+/- $8,902). About 2.1% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 3,595 people, 1,633 households, and 976 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1, 297.2/km2 (3,354.4/sq mi). There were 1,969 housing units at an average density of 1,837.2 per square mile (710.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.66% White, 0.53% African American, 0.86% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% of the population.[34][35]

There were 1,633 households, out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.89.[34][35]

In the borough the population was spread out, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the borough was $80,484, and the median income for a family was $93,401. Males had a median income of $65,060 versus $45,208 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $52,862. About 1.4% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Borough of Monmouth Beach has been governed under the Walsh Act, by a three-member commission, since 1929.[37][38] The borough is one of 30 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use the commission form of government.[39] The governing body is comprised of a three-member commission, whose membersare elected at-large in non-partisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a concurrent basis in elections held every four years as part of the May municipal election.[7]

As of 2020, members of the Borough Commission are Mayor Susan Howard (Commissioner of Public Affairs and Public Safety), James F. Cunniff (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance) and Dave Stickle (Commissioner of Public Works, Parks and Public Property), whose terms of office end concurrently as of May 14, 2021.[3][40][41][42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Monmouth Beach is located in the 6th Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 13th state legislative district.[10][44][45] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Monmouth Beach had been in the 11th state legislative district.[46]

For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[47][48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[49] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[50][51]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 13th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver) and in the General Assembly by Gerard Scharfenberger (R, Middletown Township) and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township).[52][53]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[54] As of 2020, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2022; term as freeholder director ends 2021),[55] Freeholder Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2021; term as deputy freeholder director ends 2021),[56] Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2020),[57] Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2022),[58] and Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020)[59].

Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township),[60][61] Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2022; Howell Township),[62][63] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).[64][65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,550 registered voters in Monmouth Beach, of which 605 (23.7%) were registered as Democrats, 742 (29.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,200 (47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[66]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 62.5% of the vote (1,132 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 36.6% (662 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (16 votes), among the 1,826 ballots cast by the borough's 2,620 registered voters (16 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.7%.[67][68] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 57.3% of the vote (1,196 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.1% (837 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (24 votes), among the 2,086 ballots cast by the borough's 2,725 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.6%.[69] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 60.3% of the vote (1,270 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 38.8% (817 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (19 votes), among the 2,107 ballots cast by the borough's 2,813 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.9.[70]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 78.7% of the vote (917 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 20.2% (235 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (13 votes), among the 1,181 ballots cast by the borough's 2,557 registered voters (16 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 46.2%.[71][72] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.1% of the vote (1,015 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 28.4% (443 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.5% (86 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (7 votes), among the 1,559 ballots cast by the borough's 2,621 registered voters, yielding a 59.5% turnout.[73]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Monmouth Beach School District at Monmouth Beach School.[74][75] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 236 students and 26.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.9:1.[76] Karen Ginty, a kindergarten teacher at Monmouth Beach Elementary School who had been at the school for 33 years, was named the 2006-07 New Jersey State Teacher of the Year.[77]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Shore Regional High School, a regional high school that also serves students from the constituent districts of Oceanport, Sea Bright and West Long Branch.[78][79][80] The high school is located in West Long Branch and is part of the Shore Regional High School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 649 students and 57.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.3:1.[81] Seats on the high school district's nine-member board of education are allocated based on the population of the constituent municipalities, with one seat assigned to Monmouth Beach.[82]

Public school students from Monmouth Beach, and all of Monmouth County, are eligible to apply to attend the schools of the Monmouth County Vocational School District.[83]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

Route 36 in Monmouth Beach

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 15.76 miles (25.36 km) of roadways, of which 14.12 miles (22.72 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.64 miles (2.64 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[84]

New Jersey Route 36 (Ocean Avenue) is the main highway serving Monmouth Beach. Route 36 connects the borough to Long Branch on the south and Sea Bright to the north.

Public transportation[edit]

Academy Bus provided bus service to Newark on the 61 route.[85]

The SeaStreak ferry route to Wall Street and the East Side of Manhattan in New York City is a 10-15 minute drive to Atlantic Highlands / Highlands.[86]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Monmouth Beach has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average temperature > 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), at least four months with an average temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid with a cooling afternoon sea breeze in Monmouth Beach, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 104 °F (40 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 100.2 °F (37.9 °C) on August 9, 2001, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 77.9 °F (25.5 °C) on July 19, 2019. The average wettest month is July which correlates with the peak in thunderstorm activity. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 5.62 inches (143 mm) on August 27, 2011. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature is 4.4 °F (−15.3 °C).[87] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −4.5 °F (−20.3 °C) on January 22, 1984. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −5 °F (−21 °C). The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 18 inches (46 cm) and 24 inches (61 cm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.


Climate data for Monmouth Beach, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2019
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70.8
(21.6)
78.8
(26.0)
82.3
(27.9)
88.2
(31.2)
94.9
(34.9)
96.4
(35.8)
99.9
(37.7)
100.2
(37.9)
97.1
(36.2)
93.1
(33.9)
78.9
(26.1)
74.7
(23.7)
100.2
(37.9)
Average high °F (°C) 39.7
(4.3)
42.3
(5.7)
48.9
(9.4)
58.6
(14.8)
68.2
(20.1)
77.6
(25.3)
82.8
(28.2)
81.7
(27.6)
75.5
(24.2)
64.8
(18.2)
54.9
(12.7)
44.8
(7.1)
61.7
(16.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.5
(0.3)
34.8
(1.6)
41.0
(5.0)
50.4
(10.2)
60.1
(15.6)
69.6
(20.9)
75.2
(24.0)
74.2
(23.4)
67.8
(19.9)
56.7
(13.7)
47.6
(8.7)
37.9
(3.3)
54.1
(12.3)
Average low °F (°C) 25.4
(−3.7)
27.3
(−2.6)
33.0
(0.6)
42.3
(5.7)
52.0
(11.1)
61.7
(16.5)
67.5
(19.7)
66.8
(19.3)
60.0
(15.6)
48.5
(9.2)
40.2
(4.6)
31.0
(−0.6)
46.4
(8.0)
Record low °F (°C) −4.5
(−20.3)
1.7
(−16.8)
6.5
(−14.2)
18.4
(−7.6)
36.7
(2.6)
45.3
(7.4)
48.7
(9.3)
46.4
(8.0)
39.5
(4.2)
27.1
(−2.7)
16.2
(−8.8)
−0.5
(−18.1)
−4.5
(−20.3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.56
(90)
2.96
(75)
3.84
(98)
4.17
(106)
3.90
(99)
3.66
(93)
4.67
(119)
4.63
(118)
3.65
(93)
3.95
(100)
3.73
(95)
3.96
(101)
46.68
(1,186)
Average relative humidity (%) 65.4 62.0 61.1 62.6 66.2 70.5 69.9 71.0 71.6 69.4 67.6 65.6 66.9
Average dew point °F (°C) 22.2
(−5.4)
23.1
(−4.9)
28.6
(−1.9)
38.1
(3.4)
48.8
(9.3)
59.6
(15.3)
64.7
(18.2)
64.2
(17.9)
58.3
(14.6)
46.8
(8.2)
37.4
(3.0)
27.4
(−2.6)
43.4
(6.3)
Source: PRISM[88]


Climate data for Sandy Hook Buoy, 10 N Monmouth Beach, NJ (Ocean Water Temperature)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °F (°C) 37
(3)
36
(2)
40
(4)
46
(8)
55
(13)
62
(17)
69
(21)
72
(22)
68
(20)
59
(15)
51
(11)
43
(6)
53
(12)
Source: NOAA[89]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Monmouth Beach would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[90] The plant hardiness zone is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 4.4 °F (−15.3 °C).[91] The average date of first spring leaf-out is March 24[92] and fall color typically peaks in early-November.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Monmouth Beach include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Mayor and Commissioners, Borough of Monmouth Beach. Accessed February 27, 2020.
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Borough Administration, Borough of Monmouth Beach. Accessed February 27, 2020.
  6. ^ Borough Clerk, Borough of Monmouth Beach. Accessed February 27, 2020.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 58.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Monmouth Beach, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
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External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sea Bright
Beaches of New Jersey Succeeded by
Long Branch