Monmouth College Seal
|Latin: Collegii Monmouthiensis|
Motto in English
|Type||Private liberal arts college|
|Established||April 18, 1853|
|Affiliation||Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)|
|Location||Monmouth, IL, USA
|Campus||Small town, 112 acres (45.32 ha)|
|Colors||Red and White|
|Athletics||NCAA Division III – Midwest Conference|
Monmouth College is a four-year coeducational private liberal arts college located in Monmouth, Illinois, United States. Monmouth is a selective, exclusively undergraduate four-year institution that enrolls approximately 1,300 students from 35 countries. Students choose courses from 35 major programs, 30 minors and 16 pre-professional programs in a core curriculum that features strong majors and an integrative learning course sequence.
- 1 History
- 2 Affiliations
- 3 Presidents
- 4 Academics and resources
- 5 Cost of attendance and financial aid
- 6 Students and staff
- 7 Athletics
- 8 Music
- 9 Rankings
- 10 Notable alumni
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Monmouth College was founded on April 18, 1853, by the Second Presbytery of Illinois, a frontier arm of the Associate Reformed (Presbyterian) Church. The college celebrates this date as "Scholars Day", cancelling classes for a day of celebration and an honors convocation. Founded as "Monmouth Academy," the school became Monmouth College after receiving a charter from the state legislature on September 3, 1856. The college remains affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and is a member of the Associated Colleges of the Midwest, a consortium of small, private liberal arts colleges. The college's motto "Lux" ("Light") appears on its seal.
The first president, David Wallace built two mission churches in Massachusetts before assuming the Monmouth presidency.
Founded on the eve of the American Civil War, the college immediately faced a serious crisis. The college's campus was still under construction while virtually the entire male student body left for military service. Two hundred and thirty-two students, faculty members, and trustees served in the Civil War. A quarter of them were wounded and one in eight was killed. Two were awarded the Medal of Honor, and Abner C. Harding, a college trustee who raised a regiment composed largely of MC students, was commissioned a brigadier general for his leadership in the defense of Fort Donelson in 1863. President Wallace, believing that the college "must educate, whether there be peace or war," kept classes in session for what was then a primarily female student body.
Monmouth was founded as a coeducational college where women and men had equal access to courses. When veterans returning to the college decided to form fraternities, a group of women was determined not to be outdone, and in 1867 established the first fraternity for women, known today as Pi Beta Phi. Three years later, another well-known women’s fraternity, Kappa Kappa Gamma, was founded at Monmouth.
Monmouth College had gained national stature by 1911 as shown by its US government classification where 59 colleges and universities ranked higher and 244 ranked lower (out of a total of 345 top colleges).
World War II posed a crisis to the institution similar to that of the Civil War, as male students began enlisting in the service within a month of Pearl Harbor, and soon only a handful remained on campus. Through an arrangement with the Navy Department, the college survived by becoming a U.S. Naval Flight Preparatory School, and later offered a V-5 Navy Academic Refresher Unit program for officers. Courses were taught by Monmouth’s liberal arts faculty. The Navy later adopted portions of Monmouth's curriculum for training programs nationwide. More than 2,000 Navy men went through Monmouth College, a number of whom would re-enroll at the college after the war funded by the G.I. Bill.
Monmouth’s chemistry department gained national prominence in the 1950s when longtime professor William S. Haldeman was recognized with a major award by the American Chemical Society. The Steelman Report on Manpower for Research noted that Monmouth and four other small colleges—Hope, Juniata, St. Olaf and Oberlin—together had "produced more candidates for the doctor's degree in chemistry than Johns Hopkins, Fordham, Columbia, Tulane and Syracuse Universities combined."
Beginning in the 1960s, a secularization movement changed the nature of the college. Concurrent with dwindling financial support from the United Presbyterian Church, the college removed the Church Synod’s role in nominating and confirming trustees, thus opening the door for the cultivation of new trustees with stronger business acumen and financial resources than those during the college’s earlier days. The college did otherwise maintain its covenant relationship with the Church.
During the Vietnam War, the military draft (and the ability to avoid the draft by enrolling in college) contributed to increases in college attendance throughout the US. Attendance at the college increased but then fell when the draft ended in the 1970s causing financial strain not unlike the losing of students to the Civil War had done in the then distant past.
In 1983, a donation from an alumnus committed $5 million to the endowment and launched a $15 million capital campaign, the largest gift in college history to that point.
During the 1990s, enrollment began a steady increase that would see it more than double over the next two decades, from less than 600 in 1993 to 1,379 in 2009. The endowment also grew substantially, from $23.6 million in 1993 to $87.2 million in 2013. Between 2002 and 2013, more than $120 million was invested in new construction and renovations to the campus.
Monmouth is a founding member of the Associated Colleges of the Midwest and a member of the Annapolis Group of independent liberal arts colleges. Monmouth also continues its relationship with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), although courses in religion are no longer required, and is an active member of the Association of Presbyterian Colleges and Universities, of which President Mauri Ditzler served as chair in 2011-2012. Chemistry at Monmouth is an approved baccalaureate program by the American Chemical Society.
- The Rev. David Alexander Wallace — first president, 1856-1878
- The Rev. Jackson Burgess McMichael — second president, 1878–1897
- The Rev. Samuel Ross Lyons — third president, 1898–1901
- The Rev. Thomas Hanna McMichael — fourth president, 1903–1936
- The Rev. James Harper Grier — fifth president, 1936–1952
- The Rev. Robert W. Gibson — sixth president, 1952–1964
- G. Duncan Wimpress, Jr. — seventh president, 1964–1970
- Richard Dengler Stine — eighth president, 1970-1974
- DeBow Freed — ninth president, 1974–1979
- Bruce Haywood — tenth president, 1980–1994
- Sue Ann Huseman — eleventh president, 1994–1997
- Richard F. Giese — twelfth president, 1997–2005
- Mauri A. Ditzler — thirteenth president, 2005–2014
- Clarence Wyatt — fourteenth president, 2014–present
Academics and resources
Monmouth College offers 35 major fields of study and 16 pre-professional fields of study (with 851 different courses offered) in the sciences, arts, humanities, mathematics, computer sciences, social sciences, foreign languages, classics, and several interdisciplinary fields (including premedical and pre-engineering studies) and provides an unusually integrated core curriculum. This curriculum includes four signature courses designed to aid students in making connections across disciplines and understanding their education as an integrated whole. The curriculum allows freshman students to take advanced classes, and senior students to take introductory courses.
For freshmen, the only course requirement mandated by the course registrar is one of the first-year seminar courses called Introduction to Liberal Arts which are usually limited to 16 students (and never more than 18) and shares a common focus on critical analysis and development of written and oral argument. Besides a first-year seminar course, the other 31 courses (usually four are taken per semester) required for graduation can be elected by the students themselves. Nevertheless, to complete their major, students must still adhere to departmental course requirements.
Upon entering the college, new students are assigned a faculty advisor. These advisors guide students through the educational process. Each faculty advisor works with a limited number of students to ensure a course of study that has both breadth and depth and is integrated across disciplines while still being intellectually fulfilling. Faculty advising continues for the remainder of each student’s education.
16 percent of Monmouth students in the class of 2013 were double majors. A small number of triple majors and interdisciplinary majors also exist. Within five years of graduation, over sixty percent of Monmouth alumni attend graduate school or another form of ongoing education.
A survey taken six months after the class of 2012 had graduated, showed that 99% of Monmouth graduates were employed (or were in graduate school); the 2013 and 2014 surveys also showed 99%.
Other concepts integral to the Monmouth College curriculum is the concept of total immersion and the power of the entire college experience to provide transformative development for the student. Accordingly, the college provides extensive out-of-the-classroom opportunities for students to develop and to interact with as many other disciplines as possible. This is reflected in the approximately 120 student organizations and close faculty/student interaction that is a part of the college experience at Monmouth.
Maintaining a student-to-faculty ratio of 11:1 and an average class size of 13 students, Monmouth places a high priority on meaningful interaction between students and their professors. 85 percent of faculty hold the highest degrees in their fields. With the favorable student-to-faculty ratio, Monmouth classrooms are characterized by face-to-face interaction between professor and student that is, by design, frequent and with great depth. Outside the classroom professors often serve as academic advisers, student organization advisers and mentors.
Professors draw students (even first-year students during the summer prior to their enrollment) into independent research or creative work, which results in original scholarly product. Under the mentorship of faculty, many science students participate in sophisticated graduate-level research using state-of-the-art equipment and facilities, and are listed as co-authors on faculty articles that appear in peer-reviewed journals. Students from all disciplines also have the opportunity to submit articles for publication in Monmouth College's Midwest Journal of Undergraduate Research.
In 2014, 54% of students were female and 46% were male. Students come from 30 states and 35 countries. 25% were students of color and 7% were international students.
The transfer admissions process was more selective, with 126 admitted (51.2%) out of 246 applicants for the 2013 autumn semester.
The college uses rolling admissions meaning that once the prospective student’s application for admission is complete, a decision is usually made by the college within two weeks.
Associated Colleges of the Midwest consortium
Monmouth is a founding member of the fourteen-member Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM) consortium. The colleges share resources and develop and operate common off-campus academic programs. The members of the ACM include some of the finest colleges and universities in the middle west region of the United States and include top-ranked Carleton College and Grinnell College among others.
Resources and facilities
Among the resources on the 112-acre (0.45 square kilometer) campus at Monmouth College are dozens of academic and residential buildings, athletic fields and facilities, three wildlife sanctuaries for the study of ecology, and trails and other areas for hiking. Notable resources include the Shields Collection of antiquities, the largest privately held collection of Native American artifacts in the region, the only direct copy of the Canopus Stone outside of the Cairo Museum, an astronomical observatory, the Mellinger writing center, the Wackerle Career and Leadership center, and some of the finest sporting facilities in any Division III school. The Kasch Performance Hall provides an elegant and traditional setting for musical performances with excellent acoustics and includes a recently refurbished three-manual pipe organ. The Wells Theater is located on campus and has been recently upgraded with new high tech lighting and sound equipment. The "black box" experimental Fusion Theatre is located in downtown Monmouth and opened in 2013.
Internet connection is available in all student residences and the entire campus also has unlimited access to wireless internet. There are ten residence halls, an intercultural house, seven Greek houses, and four apartment buildings available for student use.
The campus has undergone major expansion in recent years. Bowers Hall, a premium residence hall built in 2001, was the first new dormitory in over 30 years. The college purchased and upgraded an apartment complex near the campus in 2003 and Pattee Hall, built on the north side on the campus, was completed before the Fall of 2005. Gracie Peterson Hall, a modern coed residence hall opened in the fall of 2007. The Peacock Athletic Complex was built in 2000, supplemented by a new tennis complex in 2003. It reopened the completely renovated Dahl Chapel and Auditorium containing a 600-seat English Chapel style recital hall/auditorium as well as music rehearsal space in 2003. In 2008, the April Zorn Memorial Stadium was completed, enlarging the seating capacity for football and track events to 2,600 and adding a state-of-the-art press box.
The largest building on campus is the 154,000-square-foot (14,400 m2) Huff Athletic Center. It encompasses the college's existing Glennie Gymnasium and includes a field house with indoor tennis courts and track, natatorium, fitness complex, wellness suite, locker and training rooms, classrooms and offices. Opened in 2013 is the $40 million, 138,000-square-foot (12,800 m2) Center for Science and Business, which houses the departments of accounting, biology, chemistry, economics, mathematics & computer science, physics, psychology and political economy & commerce. The new facility introduces a cadaver lab, the Adolphson Observatory with research-grade 20-inch reflecting telescope, nuclear physics lab, two parallel computing facilities, a moot boardroom, tax preparation facilities, one-way observation labs, and an FDA approved nutrition lab.
The college maintains a state-of-the-art digital television studio and media (computer) lab, a web-based radio station, digital classrooms, and three art galleries. The college also maintains the LeSuer Nature Preserve, a 16.5-acre (67,000 m2) nature preserve, the Hamilton Research Pond, a prairie grass laboratory and a riparian property on the banks of the Mississippi river for the purposes of wetland biological research.
The Ivory Quinby House, built by a founder of Monmouth College, is now the home of the President of the college and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Students regularly attend functions at the home, including dinners and discussion groups.
Monmouth College has reduced its energy consumption and has substantially increased its recycling contributions in recent years. These efforts include energy reduction through the installation of numerous new heating boilers throughout campus, the use of energy efficient lighting, low-flow water systems and the replacement of windows in nearly all older buildings. The new Center for Science and Business includes energy efficient heating/cooling systems and heat recapture exhaust systems among many other features. Recycling efforts now extend into every student residence and office building. Some students have also committed themselves to sustainability of food production by opting to live in the college’s Garden theme housing which grows its own organic food and harvests its own honey using college facilities including seven acres set aside for such use. The college also provides scholarships for students who have demonstrated leadership in sustainability prior to enrolling.
Study abroad and off-campus
Over seventy off-campus programs are available in over fifty countries and may run for as little as ten days or as long as a year but generally last one semester. Programs offered through the Associated Colleges of the Midwest consortium take place usually for one semester at over a dozen locales around the globe and include cultural, scientific, economic, historical and other forms of study and research. The diversity of these programs spans such topics as scientific research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to government interning in Washington, D.C. to cultural activities in Florence, Italy. Monmouth College faculty frequently teach in these programs along with other members of the consortium including Carleton College, Grinnell College, and eleven other colleges. Other programs run exclusively by Monmouth College include a wide-ranging program in Scotland.
In 2012, four Monmouth College students studied at the Fulbright International Summer Institute in Bulgaria, accompanied by a Monmouth College Associate Dean who taught at the Institute.
With over a half million items catalogued, the Hewes Library provides students access to its broad collections. Besides books and periodicals and a large interlibrary loan capability, the library also houses collections of antiquities, rare books, art, archaeology, and also computer laboratories and high tech support. A major remodeling in 2000 has resulted in a modern open-stack facility.
Fellowships and internships
Hundreds of internships are arranged annually for students through the Wackerle Career and Leadership Center. These include public service work around the country. Students have also interned, beginning as early as the first year, opting from opportunities at such businesses as Caterpillar Inc., Deere & Co., Monsanto, law offices, medical offices, and many others. Summer internships are also available at the college in such offices as Admission, Financial Aid, Student Life, Hewes Library, Marketing communication, fundraising and others.
Summer research opportunities exist for students and also incoming freshmen and transfers in the sciences and many other areas of study. This research is conducted with professors and students working in groups and includes such varied topics such as lightning research, archaeology and music. Included are allowances for a stipend and room and board expenses.
Cost of attendance and financial aid
Monmouth’s comprehensive tuition, room, and board fees for the 2015-16 academic year is $42,450. Once miscellaneous personal expenses are factored in the total cost to attend for the 2015-16 academic year is approximately $45,400.
Despite its cost of attendance shown above, Monmouth College provides scholarships or financial aid to over 98% of students. The average financial aid package award for 2014-15 was $30,090 (of which $4,325 were loans and work study); the average net price of attendance was $10,760. This average is for all freshmen students including those with no financial need.
Merit scholarships are automatically offered upon the completion of application to the college. Competitive scholarships in the areas of fine arts, sustainability, Presbyterian, and Latin are determined by an application process in January or February annually. Need based financial aid is determined by the student filing the FAFSA federal form. These students are encouraged to file this form in January although later filing is accepted. The college maintains a staff of experts who aid students and parents in working through these processes in order to build the best possible financial package. Outside scholarships are accepted with no reduction in Monmouth College aid or scholarships.
Students and staff
Students represent about 30 states and about 35 countries. Ninety-three percent of students live on campus in dormitories, theme houses, Greek housing, or apartment buildings.
- Size: 1,300
- Points of origin: 30 states; 35 countries
- Diversity: 53% women; 47% men; 25% students of color; 7% international
- Size: 133 (92 full-time, 41 part-time)
- Student-faculty ratio: 11:1
- Qualifications: 85 percent have Ph.D. or other terminal degree
- Average Class Size: 13
- ΑΞΔ Alpha Xi Delta
- ΠΒΦ Pi Beta Phi (Alpha Chapter founded at MC, 1867)
- ΚΚΓ Kappa Kappa Gamma (Alpha Chapter founded at MC, 1870)
- ΜΛΡ Mu Lambda Rho (Alpha Chapter founded at MC, 2013) (Local)
There are over 120 student groups that pursue various interests through student-lead organizations funded by the student government or the college, including cultural, religious, publications, professional, honors, fine and performing arts, political advocacy, service groups, housing, and athletic organizations.
The honor societies at Monmouth College are:
- ΑΛΔ Alpha Lambda Delta (Freshmen Scholastic)
- ΑΨΩ Alpha Psi Omega (Theatre)
- ΒΒΒ Beta Beta Beta (Biology)
- Blue Key (Junior Service)
- ΗΣΦ Eta Sigma Phi, Gamma Omicron Chapter (Classics)
- ΚΔΠ Kappa Delta Pi (Education)
- ΛΠΗ Lambda Pi Eta, Kappa Chapter (Communication)
- Mortar Board, Tau Pi Chapter (Senior Service)
- ΦΑΘ Phi Alpha Theta (History)
- ΠΔΦ Pi Delta Phi (French)
- ΠΓΜ Pi Gamma Mu (Social Science)
- ΠΣΑ Pi Sigma Alpha (Political Science)
- ΨΧ Psi Chi (Psychology)
- ΓΔΠ Sigma Delta Pi (Spanish)
- ΓΟΜ Sigma Omicron Mu (Senior Scholastic)
- ΓΤΔ Sigma Tau Delta (English)
- Society of Physics Students
- American Chemical Society (Student Affiliates)
The college’s Scottish heritage is celebrated by its bagpipes and drums band that have won national titles in recent years.
The freshmen walkout is an autumn event that acquaints all the students with the town.
Scholars day held in conjunction with founders day celebrates academic achievements with a wide variety of events.
The college owns a restored civil war cannon which announces touchdowns for the Fighting Scots at homecoming football games.
Monmouth College’s safety record rates highly among American Colleges and Universities. The college is located in a residential neighborhood of Victorian homes, removing it from the safety concerns of many urban campuses. Additionally, the college provides security patrols, an emergency broadcasting system and emergency text messaging system, plus extensive security lighting and the use of some security cameras.
Fire safety is highly rated by Princeton Review. All dormitories are equipped with sprinkler systems and smoke detectors.
Monmouth College is a member of the Midwest Conference and the NCAA Division III. The college offers eleven varsity sports for men and eleven for women. The college has won the Midwest Conference men's all-sports trophy each of the last two years. The college also offers intramural sports.
The athletic teams' nickname, Fighting Scots, was coined in 1928 to reflect the Scotch-Irish heritage of the college's founders. "Fighting Scots" is a registered trademark of Monmouth College.
The Monmouth College men's track and field team placed third in the NCAA Division III Outdoor Track and Field Championships on May 26, 2007. It was the first national team trophy that a Monmouth College sports team has won. The following year, Monmouth's men's track and field team took second place in the NCAA Division III Indoor Track and Field Championships. Monmouth's track program has produced nine individual national champions, the most recent of which was James Wilson, who won the NCAA Division III indoor long jump national title in 2013.
In 2014, the college’s sports teams and student-athletes won awards for academic achievement including national academic honors from seven different organizations. Volleyball and Men’s Golf earned team academic accolades from their respective national coaches’ organizations for their high team GPA. Eleven team members also earned individual national honors for their academic excellence including one student who became Monmouth’s first winner of the NCAA’s Elite 89 Award, given to the student-athlete with the highest GPA participating in one of the NCAA’s 89 sponsored championships. Four softball players, three track student-athletes, two women’s golfers and a men’s tennis player also received national academic honors for the 2013-14 academic year.
Monmouth began its college football rivalry with Knox College in Galesburg in 1888, making it the sixth oldest college football rivalry in the country. The two schools play annually for the Bronze Turkey trophy in November (originally on Thanksgiving). ESPN's Jeff Merron has classified the trophy as the fifth most unusual in college football. The Bronze Turkey has been stolen several times and was at one time buried under the old MC indoor track for five years. Monmouth leads the series with 56 wins, 50 losses and 10 ties.
The Monmouth College football team has appeared in the NCAA Division III Playoffs in 2005, 2008, 2009 and 2011. Monmouth's recent varsity football alumni include two former quarterbacks who went on to the National Football League. Through 2013, Alex Tanney '11 has played for Kansas City, Dallas and Cleveland and Tampa. Mitch Tanney '06 is director of analytics for the Chicago Bears.
Varsity Lacrosse will be added in 2016.
Men's varsity teams
- Cross Country
- Indoor Track
- Outdoor Track
- Water Polo
- Lacrosse (2016)
Women's varsity teams
- Cross Country
- Indoor Track
- Outdoor Track
- Water Polo
- Lacrosse (2016)
Club and intramural athletics
Monmouth College fields over twenty club athletic teams for men and women spanning about a dozen indoor and outdoor sports. These include Sand Volleyball, Ultimate Frisbee, Badminton, Floor Hockey, Wrestling and Ping Pong in addition to the more traditional Flag Football, Basketball, and Softball. Some teams are co-ed.
In the Monmouth College music department, majors and non-majors alike have the opportunity to perform in ensembles including Chorales, male and female a capella, Marching Band, concert bands and an orchestra. The college also has a gospel choir and provides opportunities for musical theater. The Chorale has toured extensively both nationally, visiting nearly half the states in the US, and internationally, including a recent trip to Scotland and a tour of Spain in spring, 2012. In 2013 the group performed in Carnegie Hall in New York City.
All classes, ensembles, and lessons are taught by members of the faculty, rather than by teaching assistants. The faculty are experts in their respective fields, as well as active performers.
The Music Department subsidizes some vocal ensembles.
The warm acoustics of the Kasch Performance Hall, a 600-seat concert hall, were enhanced in 2003 with a $3 million restoration. Faculty offices, most lessons and classes, practice rooms, and a new piano lab are located in nearby Austin Hall.
Monmouth College is one of 249 National Liberal Arts Colleges (out of 2,968 four-year U.S. colleges) classified by U.S. News & World Report and is included in Tier 1 of its Best Colleges Rankings.
Money magazine ranked Monmouth 28th out of 736 "Best Colleges" in the Most Affordable Private Colleges category.
The college provides programming to assist its students in achieving more after graduation and its efforts in this area have been recognized by Washington Monthly, which ranks Monmouth as 38 (out of 248 top four-year institutions) in Social Mobility which includes Predicted Versus Actual Graduation Rate achievement of its graduates.
The Princeton Review named Monmouth College a "Best in the Midwest" in its 2015 Best Colleges survey. Monmouth’s highest ratings came in the areas of fire safety, financial aid, Interesting Professors and Accessibility of Professors.
The college is ranked in the top 17% (154) of 925 colleges and universities in Forbes College Financial Grades rankings of financial fitness. This ranking is based on balance sheet health, operational soundness, admissions yield, freshmen receiving institutional grants, and instructional expenses per student.
Monmouth was named to the 2013 President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll.
In its 2016 rankings, College Factual recognized Monmouth College as being in the top 10% of all US Colleges for Expected vs. Actual Graduation Rate (180 out of 1741 colleges/universities reviewed)
College Factual also ranked Monmouth in the top 7% nationwide as being "Best for the Money" (90 out of 1223). Special recognition was also given for having top 5% value for money in Communication & Journalism with additional recognition for top 10% nationwide value for money in Communication & Media Studies, Psychology, Political Science & Government, Sociology and History. Further recognition as being top 15% nationwide in value for money was awarded to the following majors: Romance Languages, English Language & Literature, Economics, Social Sciences and Foreign Languages & Linguistics.
College Factual further gave special recognition to the Monmouth College Communication & Journalism and Classical Languages & Literature fields of study as being in the top 5% nationwide (Most Focused) with Foreign Language & Linguistics and History in the top 10% nationwide. They further recognized the following majors as being in the top 10% nationwide (Most Focused): Communication & Media Studies, Public Relations & Advertising, Romance Languages and Biopsychology. They also recognized the following majors as being in the top 15% nationwide (Most Focused): Teacher Education & Development and Sociology.
- Reid K. Beveridge 1964, Brigadier General (ret.) in the National Guard of the United States; functionary, the Presbyterian Church; and journalist
- Robert Hendricks Brink 1968, representative, Virginia House of Delegates; attorney
- Ralph Waddell Douglass 1920, award winning artist; author of the Calligraphic Lettering style; coauthor and illustrator of the Mesaland Series of children’s books
- James K. L. Duncan 1866, Medal of Honor recipient
- Robert Hugo Dunlap 1942, Major in the United States Marine Corps, Medal of Honor recipient
- Francis Louis "Jug" Earp 1921, National Football League player, Green Bay Packers; inducted into Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame; also played for the New York Yankees football team
- Dean E. Fischer 1958, Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs; spokesman for the United States Department of State; was a United States journalist with Time magazine
- Roger J. Fritz 1950 was a management consultant, columnist, international speaker and author of 63 management development and motivational books; 17th president of Willamette University in Oregon from 1969-1972
- Ann Garry 1965, founding director, Center for the Study of Genders and Sexualities and chair of the Department of Philosophy at California State University, Los Angeles; Humphrey Chair of Feminist Philosophy at the University of Waterloo; Fulbright lecturer at the University of Tokyo and at Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest
- Calvin Bryce Hoover 1922, founder of the field of comparative economic systems; noted economist and professor, Duke University; wrote The Economic Life of Soviet Russia in 1931
- Philip G. Killey 1963, United States Air Force Major General (ret.); Adjutant General, South Dakota National Guard; Director, Air National Guard; Commander, First Air Force
- William Medcalf Kinsey 1869, U.S. Representative from Missouri; circuit court judge; and attorney
- Jane Kurtz 1973, author of over 30 children’s books; Golden Kite Award (best picture book text); Year’s Best Children’s Books (The Washington Post)
- Martha Lena Morrow Lewis 1892, national lecturer, Women's Christian Temperance Union; organizer, women's suffrage; first woman member, National Executive Committee of the Socialist Party of America
- Edgar Everett Martin 1921, cartoonist, Boots and Her Buddies, reached an audience of 700 newspapers and 60,000,000 readers
- Robert Wilson McClaughry 1860, Warden of the United States Penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas and early leader in modern penal reform; General Superintendent of Police, City of Chicago
- Robert Thaddeus McLoskey 1928, U.S. Representative from Illinois; member of the Illinois House of Representatives
- Thomas H. McMichael 1886, M.A. 1889, President of Monmouth College (1903-1936); moderator, Presbyterian Church of North America (1915)
- Keith Frank Molesworth 1928, Chicago Bears football player; backfield coach, Pittsburgh Steelers; head coach, Baltimore Colts; vice president and director of personnel, Baltimore Colts
- Rachel J. Nicol 1868, a founder of Pi Beta Phi, first secret collegiate society for women patterned after men’s fraternities; and a physician (M.D.)
- Danielle Nierenberg 1995, activist, author, journalist, and co-founder and president of Food Tank: The Food Think Tank
- George H. Palmer 1861, Medal of Honor recipient
- James L. Pate 1963, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Pennzoil-Quaker State Company; Assistant Secretary of Commerce and spokesman for U.S. President Gerald R. Ford; Chairman of Board, Devon Energy Corporation; chief economist, B.F. Goodrich Company
- Harold "Red" Poling 1949, chairman and CEO, Ford Motor Company; member, Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity ΣΦΕ
- Robert William Porter 1949, United States chief federal judge, attorney, and mayor of Richardson, Texas
- Kennedy J. Reed 1967, Theoretical physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); founder of the National Physical Science Consortium (NPSC); Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring; Fellow, American Physical Society; Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science; chairs, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Commission on Physics for Development
- Chad Simpson 1998, Micro Award-winning short and flash fiction author; Teresa A. White Award, Quiddity International Literary Journal.
- Richard Elihu Sloan 1877, Governor of Arizona Territory; Associate Justice of the Arizona Territorial Supreme Court; judge, United States District Court
- Charles A. Sprague 1910, Governor of Oregon (1939-1943); editor, and publisher of Oregon Statesman
- James Stockdale 1946, Vice Admiral, US Navy; U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate; Medal of Honor recipient; President, Naval War College
- Joe Tait 1959, longtime radio voice, Cleveland Cavaliers
- Alex Tanney 2011, National Football League quarterback
- Samuel Martin Thompson 1924, philosopher and author of three bestselling textbooks of Philosophy; an author of the Confession of 1967, one of the major statements of faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA)
- David Turnbull 1936, chemist, made seminal contribution to solidification theory and glass formation; elected to the National Academy of Sciences; Fellow, of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, awarded the Japan Prize; awarded the Franklin Medal
- Earl W. Vincent 1909, Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 9th congressional district; federal judge; fifth judicial district of Iowa judge; and attorney
- Helen Wagner 1938, actress and star of As the World Turns; 2004 Lifetime Achievement award, Academy of Television Arts and Sciences
- Dan Everett Waid, 1887, chief architect, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company of New York; President, New York State Board of Examiners and Registration of Architects (1915-1923). President, American Institute of Architects (AIA) (1924–26).; Fellow of the American Institute of Architects
- Ilo Browne Wallace 1911, Second Lady of the United States; A founder of Pioneer Hi-Bred International; sponsor of the USS Iowa (BB-61)
- John Findley Wallace 1872, chief engineer, Panama Canal project and Illinois Central Railroad
- William J. Winslade 1963, prolific author and research principal of philosophy, medicine, and ethics; professor of philosophy of medicine, University of Texas
- Charles F. Wishart 1894, President, College of Wooster 1921-1944; Moderator, Presbyterian General Assembly 1924
There are about 12,600 living alumni, of which more than 20% make a gift to Monmouth each year.
- As of February, 2015."U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2014 Endowment Market Value and Change* in Endowment Market Value from FY 2013 to FY 2014 (Revised February 2015)" (PDF). 2014 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers.
- "About the College". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 8, 2015. External link in
- "Carnegie Classifications - Monmouth College". Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "Our Programs & Majors". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 8, 2015. External link in
- "About the College". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 8, 2015. External link in
- Huber, Mary Taylor; Hutchings, Pat (2004). "Integrative Learning: Mapping the Terrain." (PDF). American Association of Colleges and Universities. pp. 1–17. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- "Scholars Day returns on Scots Day; Honors Convo also on tap". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. 1 April 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2015. External link in
- "About us". The Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM). http://www.acm.edu/. Retrieved October 8, 2015. External link in
- "Monmouth College in the War of the Rebellion". Monmouth College Oracle. May 30, 1911. p. 6. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- "DUNCAN, JAMES K. L.". Congressional Medal of Honer Society. https://archive.org/. Retrieved August 29, 2014. External link in
- Rankin, Jeff (September 3, 2011). "MC student hero remembered on 150th anniversary of Civil War battle". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 8, 2015. External link in
- "PALMER, GEORGE H.". Congressional Medal of Honer Society. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- "HARDING, Abner Clark - Biographical Information". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Abner Clark Harding (1807 - 1874) - Find A Grave Memorial". findagrave. October 26, 2001. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "HARDING, Abner Clark, (1807 - 1874)". Biographical Directory of The United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. books.google.com (G. Banta Company, 1920). Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "History of Pi Beta Phi". Pi Beta Phi Fraternity For Women. Pi Beta Phi. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. books.google (G. Banta Company, 1920). Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "In The Beginning". Kappa Kappa Gamma. Kappa Kappa Gamma. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "How Did the Federal Government Rate Your College a Century Ago?". The Chronicle Of Higher Education. August 6, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Midwest Award Winner Accents Importance of Graduate Work". Chemical and Engineering news. Chemical and Engineering news archive. November 20, 1950. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Steelman, John R. (11 October 1947). "Manpower for research, Vol. 4 of Science and Public Policy: A Report to the President". The President's Scientific Research Board. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Meyer, Daniel. (2002) A Thousand Hearts’ Devotion: A History of Monmouth College, Monmouth College. pp. 122-147. ISBN 0-9720303-0-1
- "Monmouth College sees record enrollment". Journalstar. September 3, 2009. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Endowment market values and investment rates of return". National Association of College and University Business Officers. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Largest Freshman Class at 396". Monmouth College. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Recognitions & Distinctions". Monmouth College. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Member Colleges". Annapolis Group. June 8, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "About Liberal Arts". liberalartssuccess.org. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "ACS Approved Programs". American Chemical Society. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Monmouth College Programs and Majors". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "About the Introduction to Liberal Arts". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved July 26, 2014. External link in
- "MC graduates again reach 99 percent placement rate". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. February 21, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Organizations". Monmouth College Wackerle Center. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "About the College". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Midwest Journal of Undergraduate Research". Monmouth College. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Monmouth College". classifications carnegiefoundation. Carnegie Foundation. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Monmouth College". College Navigator. National Center For Education Statistics. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Monmouth College - Associated College of The Midwest". ACM. http://www.acm.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Colleges". Associated Colleges of the Midwest. http://www.acm.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Huff Athletic Center". hastings chivetta. http://www.hastingschivetta.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Center for Science and Business | Monmouth College". ou.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Gift from Adolphsons funds observatory atop CSB". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. March 20, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Morton, Jenna (February 13, 2013). "Monmouth’s New Science and Business Center Attracts More Students". wqad. W Quad cities news 8. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Reigel, page 414
- William, Urban.Ivory Quinby, The Burlington Railroad, and Monmouth College
- "Center for Science and Business". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- McNamara, Barry (March 21, 2013). "MC exceeding its recycling projections". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Sustainability Scholarship". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Charging locations". Plug Share. http://www.plugshare.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "ACM Off-Campus Study Programs". Associated Colleges of the Midwest. http://www.acm.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Monmouth College Off Campus Study". Monmouth Colleg. Monmouth College Off Campus Study. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Group of MC scholars preparing for Fulbright experience". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. July 19, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Breeding, Marshall (August 10, 2014). "Hewes Library". library technology. http://librarytechnology.org. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Wackerle Career and Leadership Center". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Cost, Scholarships & Financial Aid". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Scholarships". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Office of Admissions". Monmouth College. http://ou.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Organizations". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Traditions". Monmouth College. https://ou.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "The Monmouth College Cannon". Warren County Virtual Museum. http://warrencountyvirtualmuseum.com. Retrieved February 19, 2015. External link in
- "Health, Safety & Security". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Midwest Conference Member Information". Midwest Conference. http://midwestconference.org. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- List of NCAA Division III institutions
- Monmouth College Wellness Office. "Intramural Sports". Retrieved on October 16, 2015.
- "Fighting Scots Nickname and Famous Athletes". Monmouth Scots. Monmouth College Athletes. May 25, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Bronze Turkey". Monmouth Scots. http://www.monmouthscots.com. May 25, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Page 2 Blog: 'These Really Stand Out in the Case'" Retrieved on October 16, 2015.
- "Jay Ratliff on Cowboys' PUP list; Demetress Bell signs". NFL.com. http://www.nfl.com/. July 21, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Source: Cleveland Browns sign QB Alex Tanney from the Dallas Cowboys’ practice squad". Dallas Morning News. http://cowboysblog.dallasnews.com/. November 26, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Tampa Bay Buccaneers Sign Alex Tanney and Cameron Brate". thepewterplank. http://thepewterplank.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Mayer, Larry (June 19, 2014). "Bears hire Mitch Tanney to fill new analytics position". Chicago Bears. http://www.chicagobears.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Monmouth College officially announce men and women moving up to varsity status". the skip shot. http://www.theskipshot.com. January 30, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Members - Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference". Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Conference Champions". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "The Monmouth Chorale.". Music department at Monmouth College. http://department.monm.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Campus news". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. April 1, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Music". Monmouth College. http://www.monmouthcollege.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Fast Facts". U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "Frequently Asked Questions: 2015 Best Colleges Rankings". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "Parchment Student Choice College Rankings 2016". Parchment Student Choice Rankings. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "Parchment Student Choice College Rankings 2016". Parchment Student Choice Rankings. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "The 50 Most Affordable Private Colleges". Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- "Washington Monthly's Liberal Arts College Rankings". Washington Monthly. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/. Retrieved September 16, 2015. External link in
- "Best Midwestern | The Princeton Review". www.princetonreview.com. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "Forbes College Financial Grades, As and Bs". Scribd. http://www.scribd.com/. July 24, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Behind Forbes College Financial Grades". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com. July 24, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Honor Roll" (PDF). Corporation for National & Community Service. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Monmouth College Why?". College factual. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Monmouth College Badges". College factual. http://www.collegefactual.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "ArchiveGrid : Ralph Douglass papers, 1954-1964.". World Cat. http://beta.worldcat.org/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "James K. L. Duncan". Military Times. http://projects.militarytimes.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Civil War (A-L) Medal of Honor Recipients". U.S. Army Center Of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/. August 13, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Captain Robert Hugo Dunlap". National Society, Sons of the American Revolution. http://www.sar.org/. October 22, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Robert Dunlap Medal of Honor recipient dies". Eagle Publications. http://www.eaglepublications.com/. March 30, 2000. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "DUNLAP, ROBERT HUGO". Home of Heroes. http://www.homeofheroes.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Battle of Iwo Jima
- "Jug Earp". The Pro Football Archives. http://www.profootballarchives.com/. 1969-01-08. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Ronald Reagan: Nomination of Dean E. Fischer To Be an Assistant Secretary of State, June 4, 1981
- "DR. ROGER J. FRITZ's Obituary on". Chicago Tribune. http://www.legacy.com/. March 27, 2011. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- DesAutels, Peggy (October 30, 2013). "Ann Garry: November 2013". Highlighted Philosophers. American Philosophical Association. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Garry, Ann. "CSULA Emeriti Faculty Biography" (PDF). California State University of Los Angeles. http://web.calstatela.edu/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- The Economic Life of Soviet Russia. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1931.
- "Guard recognizes Killey for lifelong service". South Dakota State News. http://news.sd.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "KINSEY, William Medcalf, (1846 - 1931)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Mari Jo Buhle, Women and American Socialism, 1870-1920. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1981; pg. 162.
- Solon DeLeon with Irma C. Hayssen and Grace Poole (eds.), The American Labor Who's Who. New York: Hanford Press, 1925; pg. 138.
- Lynn, Ernest. "Edgar Martin: Fathered the 'Sweetheart of the Comics'".Altoona Mirror, September 2, 1960.
- Cochran, Hal. "Boots Celetrates Her 25th Anniversary".Statesville Daily Record, February 21, 1949.
- "Robert Wilson McClaughry: 1839-1920 on JSTOR". www.jstor.org. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "McLOSKEY, Robert Thaddeus, (1907 - 1990)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Robinson, Luther Emerson (1927). Historical and Biographical Record of Monmouth and Warren County Illinois. Chicago: Munsell Publishing Company. p. 455.
- "Keith Molesworth NFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Newcomer, Mabel (1959). A Century of Higher Education for American Women. New York: Zenger Publishing Company. ISBN 9780892010028.
- Becque, Fran. "Doctors Who Wore Badges: Fraternity Women in Medicine 1867-1902". Focus on Fraternity History & More. http://www.franbecque.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Danielle Nierenberg | Global Development". Guardian.co.uk. http://www.theguardian.com/. December 28, 2010. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Nierenberg, Danielle; Gustafson, Ellen (December 31, 2012). "A New Year’s Recipe for Fixing the Food System". Businessweek.com. http://www.businessweek.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Shreeves, Robin (January 19, 2013). "FoodTank: Planting the seeds of activism". Mother Nature Network. http://www.mnn.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Valor awards for George Henry Palmer". valor.militarytimes.com. http://valor.militarytimes.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "George Henry Palmer, Major, United States Army". www.arlingtoncemetery.net. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Pate, Joel (February 17, 2003). "[PATE] Texas Obit - James Leonard Pate". rootsweb. rootsweb. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- List of Public Companies Worldwide, Letter - Businessweek - Businessweek". Businessweek.com. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- ABRAM, LYNWOOD (January 21, 2003). "Deaths: James Pate, former Pennzoil CEO". Chron. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- "Ford chairman Harold Poling retiring, replacement named". Sun Journal. October 5, 1993. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "History of the Federal Judiciary | Robert William Porter". Federal Judicial Center. http://www.fjc.gov/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Distinguished African American Scientists of the Twentieth Century, James H. Kessler, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996.ISBN 0897749553
- "Obama: U.S. 'outpaced' by other nations in math and science" by David Jackson, USA TODAY, 2010-01-06
- ICSU Executive board
- Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring, Office of the Press Secretary, The White House, July 9, 2009
- Lawrence Livermore's Kennedy Reed elected AAAS fellow
- "Teresa A. White Literary Award: "Buck-a-Word" Contest". Quiddity International Literary Journal and Public-Radion Program. http://quidditylit.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Goff, John S. (1978). Arizona Territorial Officials Volume II: The Governors 1863–1912. Cave Creek, Arizona: Black Mountain Press. OCLC 5100411.
- Goff, John S. (1975). Arizona Territorial Officials Volume I: The Supreme Court Justices 1863–1912. Cave Creek, Arizona: Black Mountain Press. OCLC 1622668.
- "Governor Charles A. Sprague's Administration". Oregon Secretary of State. http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/. 1939. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Tim, Joyce (July 6, 2005). "James Bond Stockdale". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Joe Tait Wham! The Voice of the Cleveland Cavaliers". Cleveland Seniors. http://www.clevelandseniors.com/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- "Titans Place TE Brett Brackett on IR; Sign TE Matthew Mulligan to Active Roster". Tennessee Titans. http://www.titansonline.com/. December 16, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- Monmouth Moves magazine, Monmouth College, August 1983, pages 6-7
- Science 6 July 2007: Vol. 317. no. 5834, pp. 56 - 57;doi:10.1126/science.1145490
- "VINCENT, Earl W., (1886 - 1953)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/. Retrieved October 16, 2015. External link in
- HEVESI, DENNIS (May 3, 2010). "Helen Wagner, Longtime Actress on ‘As the World Turns,’ Dies at 91". New York Times. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- White, James Terry (1893). The National cyclopædia of American biography. New York: New York : J. T. White & company. p. 348. ISBN 9780883710401.
- White, James Terry (1893). The National cyclopædia of American biography. New York: New York : J. T. White & company. p. 347. ISBN 9780883710401.
- "Weekly Corporate Growth Report", 22 March 1999 Retrieved on 30 December 2006
- Matthew Parker. Hell's Gorge:The Battle to Build the Panama Canal. p.214-16
- "William J Winslade, PhD, JD". imh.utmb.edu. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Charles Frederick Wishart, Jean Snyder Felt,Memoirs of Charles Frederick Wishart, 1870-1960 (S.l.: s.n., 1982).