Monmouth County, New Jersey

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Monmouth County
The boardwalk in Asbury Park
The boardwalk in Asbury Park
Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County
Location within the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°17′N 74°09′W / 40.29°N 74.15°W / 40.29; -74.15Coordinates: 40°17′N 74°09′W / 40.29°N 74.15°W / 40.29; -74.15
Country United States
State New Jersey
Founded1683
Named forMonmouthshire
SeatFreehold Borough[1]
Largest cityMiddletown Township (population)
Howell Township (area)
Government
 • County Commissioner DirectorThomas A. Arnone (R, term ends December 31, 2021)
Area
 • Total665.32 sq mi (1,723.2 km2)
 • Land468.79 sq mi (1,214.2 km2)
 • Water196.53 sq mi (509.0 km2)  29.54%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total643,615
 • Density1,372.9/sq mi (530.1/km2)
Congressional districts4th, 6th
Websitewww.co.monmouth.nj.us
Interactive map of Monmouth County, New Jersey

Monmouth County (/ˈmɒnməθ/) is a county located on the coast of central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, situated along the northern half of the Jersey Shore. As of the 2020 United States Census, Monmouth County's population was enumerated at 643,615, making it the state's fifth-most populous county,[2] representing an increase of 13,245 (2.1%) from the 2010 Census, when the population was counted to be 630,380, in turn an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 Census.[3] As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County.[4][5] Monmouth County's geographic area comprises 30% water, with a trend toward more expensive homes being constructed along the Shore, bringing rapid gentrification to the county overall.

Monmouth's county seat is Freehold Borough.[1] The most populous place was Middletown Township, with 66,522 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Howell Township covered 61.21 square miles (158.5 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.[5]

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The naming of Monmouth County has different historical theories. It is thought that the county received its name from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society.[6][7] This is likely, due to many of the county's earliest settlers originating from Rhode Island. Another plausible theory, is from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris that the county should be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (1649–1685), who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership.[8]

Indigenous history[edit]

See also Lenape people

Around the year 1000, the area of Monmouth County began to be inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans prior to the arrival of European settlers. They came from the Mississippi River area. They lived along the vicinity of the Jersey Shore, the Raritan Bay, the Raritan River and other areas in the northeastern United States. The Lenape were a hunter-gatherer society. They were largely sedentary, changing campsites seasonally. They were prolific hunters of small game and birds. They were also skilled fisherman, and were known to harvest vast amounts of clams from the bays and inlets on the Jersey Shore. They also practiced some agriculture to augment their food supply. During this time, an important crossroad of two major Lenape trails was located in the area of Freehold in western Monmouth County.[9]

Dutch and English colonization[edit]

See also Monmouth Tract

In 1609, the English navigator, Henry Hudson, and his crew aboard the Dutch vessel Half Moon spotted land in what is now Monmouth County,[10] most likely off Sandy Hook; however, some historical accounts credit this landing to present-day Keansburg. Among the first European settlers and majority landowners in the area were Richard and Penelope Stout. Penelope "miraculously" survived her wounds from a native attack in Sandy Hook and further lived to the age of 110. Additionally, a group of Quaker families from Long Island settled the Monmouth Tract, an early land grant from Richard Nicolls issued in 1665.[citation needed] They were followed by a group of Scottish settlers who inhabited Freehold Township in about 1682–1885, followed several years later by Dutch settlers. As they arrived in this area, they were greeted by Lenape people, who lived in scattered small family bands and developed a largely amicable relationship with the new arrivals.[11] Enslaved Africans were present in the area from at least 1680, and by 1726 made up 9% of the total population of the county.[12]

Monmouth County was established on March 7, 1683, while part of the province of East Jersey. On October 31, 1693, the county was partitioned into the townships of Freehold, Middletown and Shrewsbury.[13]

The Battle of Monmouth was waged on June 28, 1778

At the June 28, 1778, Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold Township, General George Washington's soldiers battled the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the longest land battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was at Monmouth that the tactics and training from Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben developed at Valley Forge during the winter encampment were first implemented on a large scale.[14]

At independence, Monmouth's population included 1,640 slaves, as well as an undetermined number of free African Americans. The number of enslaved persons fell steeply after 1820, though a small number remained until at least 1850. Monmouth's free African American population climbed from 353 in 1790 to 2,658 in 1860.[12] There was a small African-American middle class consisting of freedmen present in Monmouth County by the 1840s and 1850s.[15]

Ocean County was carved out of Monmouth County in 1850.

In 1790 Monmouth County's population was 16,918, of whom roughly 6,600 were of English descent and the remainder were Welsh, Dutch and Swedish, as well as small amounts of African Americans and Northern Irish Protestants.[16] By the year 2010 Monmouth County's population was 628,112 of whom 40,489 were of English descent.[17] Between 1890 and 1907 nearly 18 million European immigrants came to America.[18] At the same time the region underwent massive and not unrelated economic changes, this process led to places like Monmouth County, New Jersey becoming significantly more diverse and somewhat less rural.[19]

Geography[edit]

The historic Navesink Twin Lights is located on the Navesink Highlands in Highlands, one of the highest points in Monmouth County and constitute among the highest headlands along the United States east coast south of Maine[20]
Sandy Hook Lighthouse on Sandy Hook, the oldest operating lighthouse in the United States

According to the 2010 census, the county had a total area of 665.32 square miles (1,723.2 km2), including 468.79 square miles (1,214.2 km2) of land (70.5%) and 196.53 square miles (509.0 km2) of water (29.5%).[5][21]

Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying even far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, and one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point, variously listed at 380 to 391 feet (116 to 119 m) above sea level.[22][23] The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.[24] The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust section of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are also very hilly. The lowest point is sea level.

Along with adjacent Middlesex and Ocean counties, Monmouth County is a mecca for boating and fishing. Its waterways include several tributaries that flow from the more agrarian regions of western Monmouth County into the Raritan River, and various rivers and inlets that flow from the more densely populated region of the Raritan Bayshore of northern Monmouth County into the Raritan Bay and the Lower New York Bay, before finally draining out into the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway, which attracts as many as 1,600 boats each weekend during the peak season.[25]

Adjacent counties[edit]

The county adjoins:[26]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179016,918
180019,87217.5%
181022,15011.5%
182025,03813.0%
183029,23316.8%
184032,90912.6%
185030,313*−7.9%
186039,34629.8%
187046,19517.4%
188055,53820.2%
189069,12824.5%
190082,05718.7%
191094,73415.4%
1920104,92510.8%
1930147,20940.3%
1940161,2389.5%
1950225,32739.7%
1960334,40148.4%
1970461,84938.1%
1980503,1738.9%
1990553,1249.9%
2000615,30111.2%
2010630,3802.5%
2020643,6152.1%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[27]
1970-2010[5] 2000[3] 2010[28] 2020[29]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[13]

2020 census[edit]

As of the census of 2020, the county had 643,615 people, 240,377 households, and 161,545 families. The population density was 1,372.9 inhabitants per square mile (530.1/km2). There were 268,912 housing units at an average density of 573.6 per square mile (221.5/km2). The county's racial makeup was 71.6% White, 6.08% African American, 0.07% Native American, 5.6% Asian, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.5% of the population.

Of the 240,377 households, of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 25.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.4% had a male householder with no wife present and 32.8% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16.

About 21.4% of the county's population was under age 18, 8.1% was from age 18 to 24, 34.8% was from age 15 to 44, and 18.2% was age 65 or older. The median age was 43.5 years. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males.

The county's median household income was $102,870, and the median family income was $124,778. About 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[30]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 630,380 people, 233,983 households, and 163,320 families in the county. The population density was 1,344.7 per square mile (519.2/km2). There were 258,410 housing units at an average density of 551.2 per square mile (212.8/km2). The racial makeup was 82.60% (520,716) White, 7.37% (46,443) Black or African American, 0.19% (1,211) Native American, 4.96% (31,258) Asian, 0.03% (211) Pacific Islander, 2.89% (18,187) from other races, and 1.96% (12,354) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.67% (60,939) of the population.[28]

Of the 233,983 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18; 55.5% were married couples living together; 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 30.2% were non-families. Of all households, 25% were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.22.[28]

23.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.9 males.[28]

Government[edit]

Monmouth County is governed by a five-member Board of County Commissioners, who are elected at-large for three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. Each January, the commissioners select one of their members to serve as the director of the board for the year to preside over the meetings and activities of the board. Monmouth County's Commissioners have both administrative and policy making powers. The commissioners oversee the five mandatory functions of county government delegated to it by the state. Each commissioner is assigned responsibility for one of the five functional areas: Administration and Special Services; Public Works and Engineering; Human Services, Health and Transportation; Finance and Administration of Justice, overseeing more than 70 county departments in total.[31][32] In 2016, commissioners were paid $27,000 and the commissioner director was paid an annual salary of $27,900.[33]

County Administrator Teri O'Connor, an appointed position, serves as the county's chief executive officer, and is responsible for carrying out the policies and directives established by the Board of County Commissioners and managing the daily operations of the county's more than 3,000 employees.[34]

As of 2021, Monmouth County's Commissioners are:[31][35][36][37][38]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[44] Monmouth county's constitutional officers are:

Christopher J. Gramiccioni of Wall Township is the county's prosecutor, having been formally nominated to the position by Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie in May 2016.[51][52] Gramiccioni had been serving on an acting basis for almost four years, since being appointed to the post in July 2012 by Attorney General of New Jersey Jeffrey S. Chiesa.[53]

Monmouth County constitutes Vicinage 9 of the New Jersey Superior Court and is seated at the Monmouth County Courthouse in Freehold Borough, with additional facilities in Freehold and Ocean Township; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 9 is Lisa P. Thornton.[54]

Federal representation[edit]

The 4th and 6th Congressional Districts cover the county.[55][56] For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township).[57][58] For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[59][60]

State representation[edit]

District Senator[61] Assembly[61] Municipalities
11th Vin Gopal (D) Kimberly Eulner (R)

Marilyn Piperno (R)

Allenhurst, Asbury Park, Colts Neck Township, Deal, Eatontown, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Interlaken, Loch Arbour, Long Branch, Neptune City, Neptune Township, Ocean Township, Red Bank, Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury Township, Tinton Falls and West Long Branch.
12th Samuel D. Thompson (R) Ronald S. Dancer (R)

Robert D. Clifton (R)

Allentown, Englishtown, Manalapan Township, Matawan, Millstone Township, Roosevelt and Upper Freehold Township.

The remainder of this district covers portions of Burlington County, Middlesex County and Ocean County.

13th Declan O'Scanlon (R) Vicky Flynn (R)

Gerard Scharfenberger (R)

Aberdeen Township, Atlantic Highlands, Fair Haven, Hazlet Township, Highlands, Holmdel Township, Keansburg, Keyport,

Little Silver, Marlboro Township, Middletown Township, Monmouth Beach, Oceanport, Rumson, Sea Bright and Union Beach

30th Robert W. Singer (R) Sean T. Kean (R)

Ned Thomson (R)

Avon-by-the-Sea, Belmar, Bradley Beach, Brielle, Farmingdale, Howell Township, Lake Como, Manasquan, Sea Girt, Spring Lake, Spring Lake Heights and Wall Township.

The remainder of this district covers portions of Ocean County.

Politics[edit]

Monmouth County has generally leaned moderately Republican in federal, state, and local races, though registered Republicans only outnumber registered Democrats by less than 1%. Al Gore in 2000 and Bill Clinton in 1996 are the only two Democratic presidential candidates to have won it since 1964, when Lyndon B. Johnson won a national landslide and carried every county in New Jersey. All five County Commissioners and all three constitutional officers are Republicans, and State Senator Vin Gopal is currently the only Democrat to represent any part of the county in the legislature.

As of December 1, 2021, there were a total of 496,012 registered voters in Monmouth County, of whom 144,092 (29.1%) were registered as Democrats, 147,358 (29.7%) were registered as Republicans, and 198,605 (41.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5,957 (1.2%) voters registered to other parties.[62] Among the county's 2010 Census population, 89% of residents of age 18 and over were registered to vote.[63]

The Republican Party had held all five Commissioner seats until 2006, but after the 2006 and 2008 elections, Democrats controlled the Board by a 3–2 margin. The Board swung back in favor of the Republicans after the 2009 election when Republican John Curley beat Democrat Sean Byrnes. Both were running to succeed former Commissioner Director Barbara McMorrow, a Democrat, who had chosen not to seek re-election. In 2010, former mayor of Neptune City, NJ, Thomas Arnone (R) and incumbent Commissioner Robert Clifton (R) won seats giving Republicans control of the Board of Chosen Commissioners by a 4–1 margin.[64]

In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, George W. Bush carried the county by a 10% margin over John Kerry, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[65] In 2008, John McCain carried Monmouth by an unexpectedly close margin of only 3.7% margin over Barack Obama, with Obama winning New Jersey by 15.5% over McCain. In the state's U.S. Senatorial election that same year, Dick Zimmer also won here, by a 6.2% margin over incumbent Frank Lautenberg, with Lautenberg winning reelection by 14.1% over Zimmer.[66] In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 166,723 (53%) of the vote, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 137,181 (43.6%) of the vote, and other candidates received 10,473 (3.3%) of the vote.[67] In the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 62% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 31%. In the 2017 Gubernational Election, Republican Kim Guadagno received 101,525 (55%) of the vote, and Democrat Phil Murphy received 79,423 (43%) of the vote.[68] Notably, both Guadagno and Murphy were Monmouth County residents.

In the 2018 United States Midterms, there were 261,419 votes cast for the United States Senate. 112,383 (43%) voted for Democrat Bob Menendez, 140,628 (53.8%) voted for Republican Bob Hugin, while other candidates from 6 different parties received a total of 8,408 (3.2%) of the vote.[69] Monmouth County has two Congressional Districts within it: the 4th and 6th. For the 4th district 178,640 ballots were cast within Monmouth County, of which 93,491 (52.3%) voted for Republican Chris Smith, 82,535 (46.2%) voted for Democrat Joshua Welle, and 2,614 (1.5%) voted for candidates of other parties. For the 6th district, 80,977 ballots were cast within Monmouth County, of which 44,405 (54.8%) voted for Democrat Frank Pallone, and 36,572 (45.2%) voted for Republican Richard J. Pezzullo.[70]<

Gubernatorial elections results
Gubernatorial elections results[71]
Year Republican Democratic
2021 58.8% 141,100 40.3% 96,664
2017 55.0% 101,525 43.0% 79,432
2013 70.7% 123,417 27.7% 48,477
2009 62.2% 129,039 31.2% 64,672
2005 51.9% 101,085 43.8% 85,187
2001 48.5% 89,987 49.5% 91,838
1997 53.9% 105,535 37.8% 74,098
1993 unknown unknown
1989 40.9% 72,403 57.5% 101,995
1985 72.9% 109,238 26.4% 39,529
1981 55.7% 88,873 42.6% 67,970
1977 42.4% 62,031 55.5% 81,155
1973 29.3% 39,345 69.2% 92,749
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[72]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 50.7% 191,808 47.9% 181,291 1.4% 5,291
2016 52.5% 166,723 43.2% 137,181 4.4% 13,846
2012 51.8% 148,000 46.8% 133,820 1.4% 3,847
2008 51.2% 160,433 47.5% 148,737 1.4% 4,244
2004 54.6% 163,650 44.6% 133,773 0.8% 2,516
2000 45.5% 119,291 50.2% 131,476 4.3% 11,374
1996 40.2% 99,975 48.4% 120,414 11.5% 28,572
1992 44.2% 117,715 38.2% 101,750 17.5% 46,651
1988 61.1% 147,320 38.1% 91,844 0.7% 1,793
1984 65.5% 152,595 34.1% 79,382 0.4% 932
1980 56.7% 120,173 33.7% 71,328 9.7% 20,470
1976 54.3% 110,104 43.9% 88,956 1.8% 3,730
1972 65.7% 124,830 33.3% 63,176 1.0% 1,971
1968 51.2% 87,311 40.9% 69,669 7.9% 13,476
1964 39.1% 61,367 60.7% 95,320 0.2% 368
1960 56.5% 81,382 43.3% 62,434 0.2% 244
1956 71.8% 83,828 27.7% 32,329 0.5% 594
1952 66.3% 73,228 33.5% 37,006 0.2% 257
1948 62.2% 52,908 35.9% 30,507 1.9% 1,618
1944 58.7% 49,349 41.3% 34,720 0.1% 53
1940 57.7% 49,675 42.2% 36,298 0.1% 74
1936 51.3% 41,460 48.2% 38,914 0.5% 393
1932 52.7% 40,467 45.9% 35,219 1.4% 1,055
1928 65.8% 47,046 34.0% 24,286 0.2% 122
1924 65.6% 34,451 28.5% 14,931 5.9% 3,100
1920 68.1% 28,818 30.7% 12,975 1.3% 543
1916 51.5% 11,624 47.5% 10,729 1.1% 237
1912 18.3% 3,683 48.6% 9,799 33.2% 6,700
1908 56.3% 12,528 41.6% 9,274 2.1% 468
1904 52.9% 10,885 43.9% 9,032 3.2% 662
1900 53.1% 10,363 43.9% 8,570 3.0% 583
1896 55.2% 10,611 40.6% 7,799 4.1% 787
County CPVI: R+5

Economy[edit]

Housing expense[edit]

In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $69,410, the fifth-highest in New Jersey and ranked 74th of 3,113 counties in the United States.[73][74] Monmouth County ranked 38th among the highest-income counties in the United States as of 2011, placing it among the top 1.2% of counties by wealth.[75] As of 2009, it was ranked 56th in the United States by personal per-capita income.[76]

Gentrification[edit]

Tri-City region of urban centers in Monmouth County; Red Bank, Long Branch, and Asbury Park respectively[77]

Hurricane Sandy in 2012 devastated much of the northern part of the Jersey Shore, particularly in Monmouth County. This necessitated the demolition and rebuilding of entire neighborhoods. Some were rebuilt to a higher economic level; this process of climate gentrification is rapidly escalating property values and transforming many communities along the Shore. Many houses have become vacation homes for the New York financial community, akin to shoreline communities on Long Island like the Gold Coast and The Hamptons.[78]

Telecommunications and high technology[edit]

The Bell Labs Holmdel Complex has been the site of many innovations in telecommunications and is experiencing a renaissance as a business incubator for high-tech startup companies.[79] Today Verizon Wireless, AT&T Communications, Vonage, Avaya, and Bell Labs are located in the region.

Commerce[edit]

Wealthy home that was under construction in Marlboro Township, pictured Late 2005
Bell Labs water tower in Holmdel Township was designed to resemble a transistor, an important invention
Freehold Raceway Mall, a super-regional high-end shopping mall, located in Freehold Township
Pier Village, a Victorian-inspired mixed-use lifestyle center, located in Long Branch along the Atlantic Ocean

The county has been a commercial hub for the state and the larger northeastern United States for years. This is due to the county's location on the Jersey Shore, which attracts residents from North and South Jersey, along with the nearby states of New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Delaware, and Maryland during the summer months. The region also boasts year-round attractions, such as hayrides, wine tasting, and apple picking during the autumn months. The county also features five major shopping malls:

Education[edit]

The Murry Guggenheim House, a Beaux-Arts mansion, designed by Carrère and Hastings in 1903 as a summer residence, is currently known as the Guggenheim Library at Monmouth University.

Monmouth University is a four-year private university located in West Long Branch that was founded in 1933 as Monmouth Junior College.[80][81]

Brookdale Community College is the two-year community college for Monmouth County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. The school is located in the Lincroft section of Middletown Township, having been founded in 1967.[82]

The Donald D. Warner Student Life Center at Brookdale Community College's main campus at Lincroft

Rutgers University has a partnership with Brookdale which offers bachelor's degree completion programs at Brookdale's Freehold campus.[83]

In addition to multiple public high schools, parochial schools in Monmouth County include St. Rose High School, Red Bank Catholic High School, Christian Brothers Academy, St. John Vianney High School, and Mater Dei High School, which operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.[84] A secular private school, Ranney School, is also located in the county.

The county has an extensive vocational high school program, known as the Monmouth County Vocational School District, including five magnet schools:[85]

Arts and culture[edit]

Monmouth County Courthouse with greenspace and monument dedicated to the Battle of Monmouth
  • Count Basie Theatre - A landmarked performing arts center in Red Bank. The core structure opened as the "Carlton Theater" in 1926, became the "Monmouth Arts Center" in 1973, then was renamed to the "Count Basie Theatre" in 1984 to honor jazz great and Red Bank native William "Count" Basie. It was designed by William E. Lehman and has seating capacity for 1,568 patrons.
  • Two River Theater - A professional, not-for-profit, regional theater company producing plays and educational programs. The company received "Theatre of the Year" awards from the New Jersey Theatre Alliance in 2006, and from The Star-Ledger in both 2006 and 2008. At the July 2009 meeting of the New Jersey State Council on the Arts, Two River Theater was designated as a Major Impact Organization.
  • Monmouth County Historical Association – Established in 1898 by a group of county residents headed by professional educator Caroline Gallup Reed, it was soon incorporated in order “to discover, procure, preserve and perpetuate whatever relates to the history of Monmouth County.” The headquarters are located in Freehold Borough in a brick Georgian-style building designed by architect J. Hallam Conover.
  • Monmouth Battlefield State Park — Located in Freehold Township and Manalapan Township, the park preserves a rural eighteenth-century landscape of orchards, fields, woods and wetlands, encompassing miles of trails for hiking and horseback riding, space for picnic areas, and four restored Revolutionary War farmhouses that were associated with the American Revolutionary War's Battle of Monmouth, including the Craig House, the Cobb House, the Sutfin House, and the Rhea-Applegate House. The park includes a visitor center with replicas of eighteenth-century canons and other exhibits.
  • Gateway National Recreation Area at Sandy Hook - The barrier peninsula segment of the much larger Gateway National Recreation Area (which has other sections in Staten Island, Brooklyn, and Queens in New York) forms the other side of the "gateway" to New York Harbor. It includes two main park sites:
    • Fort Hancock served as part of the harbor's coastal defense system from 1895 until 1974 and contains 100 historic buildings and fortifications.[86]
    • Sandy Hook contains seven beaches, including Gunnison Beach, a nude beach by custom, as well as salt marshes and a maritime holly forest. Ferries from Manhattan are available in season. Fishing and using hand-launched vessels are popular here.
  • Monmouth County Courthouse – In front of the courthouse, is a park at the center of town which hosts a 90-foot (27 m) tall monument to the Battle of Monmouth at its center.
  • St. Peter's Episcopal Church — a historic Episcopal church building that was constructed in 1771, featuring Georgian and Gothic Revival elements.
  • Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association District - An association founded in 1869 by a group of Methodist clergymen, led by William B. Osborn and Ellwood H. Stokes. Its mission is to "provide opportunities for spiritual birth, growth, and renewal in a Christian seaside setting."[87] It was to operate as a summer camp meeting site on the New Jersey seashore.[88] By the early 20th century, the popular Christian meeting ground became known as the "Queen of Religious Resorts."[89] The community's land is still owned by the camp meeting association and leased to individual homeowners and businesses. Ocean Grove remains the longest-active camp meeting site in the United States.[90]
  • Church of the Presidents - Originally consecrated in 1879 as St. James Protestant Episcopal Chapel, a branch of St. James Episcopal Church, this former Episcopal chapel was where seven United States presidents during the Victorian era worshipped. It was visited by presidents Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, and Woodrow Wilson.[91] All except Grant were in office when they paid their visits to the church.
  • Seabrook–Wilson House – Nicknamed the "Spy House" by local residents, the house was built in 1663 in the town of Port Monmouth, a part of Middletown Township, making it the oldest structure in Monmouth County and one of the oldest in the state. The house's architecture was emblematic of the early English influence in the county. For most of its history, the farm on Sandy Hook Bay was home to generations of two prominent Port Monmouth families, the Seabrooks and the Wilsons. Ship owners and captains, a Revolutionary War militia officer, local business owners and investors, and a clergyman were part of these notable families, many of whom served in local government positions.
  • Allaire State Park - Historic park, known for its restored 19th century ironworks, Allaire Village, which is a living history museum on the park premises. It was a prosperous industrial town producing pig iron and cast iron from the surrounding bog iron deposits. The buildings which remain and have been restored today include a general store, blacksmith shop, carpenter's shop, manager's house, foreman's house and a church. One of the workers' row house buildings has been recreated and now houses a visitor center, museum, and reenactments of nineteenth-century life in this bustling mill town.[92] The historic village is run by a non-profit organization independent of the park and charges a nominal fee to enter the buildings.[93] It is named after James P. Allaire, founder of the Howell Works at the same site.[92] The park also hosts the Pine Creek Railroad, a tourist railroad.
  • Holmdel Park - Located in Holmdel Township, this massive park is part of the Monmouth County Park System. The initial park land was established in 1962, with an additional 227 acres (92 ha) section added in 2001. The park's recreational offerings include fishing (with permit),[94] individual and group picnic areas, tennis courts, playgrounds and 10 miles of hiking trails. Ice skating and sledding are permitted when conditions are deemed safe.[95] The park contains four distinct visitor areas, each with its own parking; three are accessed via the main park entrance while the fourth is located at the activity center further north on Longstreet Road. The park also features:
    • Holmdel Arboretum - Also known as the David C. Shaw Arboretum, which contains nearly 3,000 trees and shrubs, representing hundreds of species, cultivars, and varieties, including the Jane Kluis Memorial Dwarf Conifer Garden, a collection of true cedars (Cedrus) in honor of David Rossheim, and a variety of other plantings such as weeping Atlas cedar, cherry trees, Amur cork tree, among many others. A map at the entrance identifies the major plant collections.
    • Longstreet Farm - A living history farm museum displaying a recreation of life in the 1890s. Workers dress in period costume, and perform the activities of a resident of the time period, such as planting and harvesting of crops, and taking caring of livestock.[96] The Holmes-Hendrickson House, built in 1754, is a museum operated by the Monmouth County Historical Association near the farm.[96]

Sports[edit]

Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport and Freehold Raceway in Freehold offer fans of thoroughbred horse racing a chance to bet on races.

In 1943, the New York Yankees held their spring training in Asbury Park instead of Florida.[97] This was because rail transport had to be conserved during the war, and Major League Baseball's Spring Training was limited to an area east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River.[98]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Manasquan Reservoir on a calm afternoon in Howell Township

Monmouth County parks are under the administration of the Monmouth County Park System.[99] Established in 1960, the agency that maintains over 40 parks and recreational areas, in Monmouth County. General parks include Turkey Swamp Park, Manasquan Reservoir, Holmdel Park, Freneau Woods Park, Crosswicks Creek Park, and Seven Presidents Oceanfront Park, among many others. There are also three major bike trails (which were formerly rail-lines) in the county, the Union Transportation Trail in the southwestern section of the county (near the Delaware Valley region), the Edgar Felix Bikeway in the southeastern section of the county (near the Jersey Shore region), and the Henry Hudson Trail in the western and northern sections of the county (near the Raritan Bayshore and Raritan Valley regions).

The county also has two major state parks, Monmouth Battlefield State Park and Allaire State Park, along with a section of the Gateway National Recreation Area at the Sandy Hook Unit.

Wineries, breweries, and distilleries[edit]

The county is home to several wineries, including:

Other points of interest[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Monmouth County municipalities (click to see index key)
Interactive map of municipalities in Monmouth County

Municipalities in Monmouth County (with 2010 Census data for housing units and area in square miles, as well as 2018 estimates for population) are listed below.[101][102] Other, unincorporated communities in the county are listed next to their parent municipality. Many of these areas are census-designated places (labeled as CDPs) that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a township, with the 2010 Census population listed. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are also listed.

Municipality
Map
index
Mun.
type
Pop. Housing
units
Total
area
Water
area
Land
area
Pop.
density
Housing
density
School district Unincorporated
communities
Aberdeen
Township
50 township 18,636 7,102 7.77 2.33 5.45 3,343.0 1,303.8 Matawan-Aberdeen Cliffwood
Cliffwood Beach CDP (3,194)
Henningers Mills
Strathmore CDP (7,258)
Allenhurst 14 borough 496 365 0.28 0.02 0.26 1,887.9 1,389.3 Asbury Park (S/R)
Allentown 38 borough 1,828 735 0.63 0.03 0.60 3,023.9 1,215.8 Upper Freehold Regional
Asbury Park 11 city 15,511 8,076 1.60 0.18 1.42 11,319.5 5,672.4 Asbury Park
Atlantic
Highlands
29 borough 4,385 2,002 4.56 3.27 1.29 3,401.2 1,552.9 Henry Hudson Regional (7-12)
Atlantic Highlands (K-6)
Hilton
Stone Church
Avon-by-
the-Sea
8 borough 1,901 1,321 0.54 0.12 0.43 4,459.1 3,098.6 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Avon (K-8)
Belmar 7 borough 5,587 3,931 1.65 0.60 1.05 5,544.0 3,761.4 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Belmar (PK-8)
Bradley Beach 10 borough 4,298 3,180 0.63 0.02 0.61 7,023.6 5,196.6 Asbury Park (9-12) (S/R) (93%)
Neptune Twp (9-12) (S/R) (7%)
Bradley Beach (PK-8)
Brielle 1 borough 4,774 2,034 2.37 0.62 1.76 2,717.5 1,157.8 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Brielle (PK-8)
Manasquan Park
Colts Neck
Township
47 township 9,879 3,735 31.79 1.06 30.73 330.0 121.5 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Colts Neck (PK-8)
Bucks Mill
Colonial Terrace
Cooks Mills
Montrose
Phalanx
Scobeyville
Vanderburg
Deal 15 borough 750 926 1.32 0.08 1.24 604.8 746.7 Shore Regional (9-12)
Deal (K-8)
Eatontown 24 borough 12,242 5,723 5.88 0.05 5.83 2,181.5 982.3 Monmouth Regional (9-12)
Eatontown (PK-8)
Englishtown 36 borough 1,847 647 0.59 0.02 0.57 3,245.7 1,137.0 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Manalapan-Englishtown (PK-8)
Fair Haven 20 borough 5,820 2,065 2.11 0.51 1.60 3,832.5 1,292.9 Rumson-Fair Haven (9-12)
Fair Haven (PK-8)
Farmingdale 34 borough 1,329 578 0.52 0.00 0.52 2,547.7 1,108.0 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Farmingdale (PK-8)
Freehold
Borough
35 borough 11,767 4,249 1.95 0.00 1.95 6,180.8 2,179.1 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Freehold (PK-8)
Freehold
Township
42 township 34,735 13,140 38.73 0.22 38.50 939.8 341.3 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Freehold Township (PK-8)
Burlington Heights
East Freehold CDP (4,894)
Georgia
Monmouth Heights
Orchard Estates
Siloam
Smithburg
Stonehurst East
Stonehurst West
West Freehold CDP (13,613)
Hazlet
Township
53 township 19,802 7,417 5.67 0.12 5.56 3,659.4 1,334.8 Hazlet Township Centerville
Mechanicsville
North Centerville
Tiltons Corner
Van Marters Corner
West Keansburg
Highlands 28 borough 5,005 3,146 1.37 0.60 0.77 6,522.8 4,100.1 Henry Hudson Regional (7-12)
Highlands (PK-6)
Waterwitch
Holmdel
Township
51 township 16,662 5,792 18.11 0.22 17.90 937.3 323.7 Holmdel Township Centerville
Crawford Corners
Everett
Morrells Corner
Pleasant Valley Crossroads
Howell
Township
43 township 52,114 17,979 61.21 0.65 60.56 843.4 296.9 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Howell Township (PK-8)
Adelphia
Ardena
Ardmore Estates
Bergerville
Candlewood
Collingwood Park
Fairfield
Fort Plains
Freewood Acres
Jerseyville
Lake Club
Land of Pines
Larrabees
Lower Squankum
Matthews
Maxim
Oak Glen
Parkway Pines
Ramtown CDP (6,242)
Salem Hill
Shacks Corner
Southard
Squankum
West Farms
Winston Park
Wyckoff Mills
Interlaken 13 borough 820 393 0.38 0.05 0.33 2,482.3 1,189.7 Shore Regional (9-12) (S/R)
West Long Branch (K-8) (S/R)
Keansburg 30 borough 10,105 4,318 16.79 15.72 1.07 9,452.3 4,039.1 Keansburg Tiltons Corner
Keyport 32 borough 9,719 3,272 1.47 0.07 1.40 5,188.4 2,344.8 Keyport
Lake Como 6 borough 1,759 1,115 0.27 0.01 0.25 6,943.6 4,401.4 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Belmar (PK-8) (S/R)
Little Silver 21 borough 5,813 2,278 3.32 0.61 2.71 2,197.3 841.3 Red Bank Regional (9-12)
Little Silver (PK-8)
Little Silver Point
Loch Arbour 12 village 194 159 0.14 0.04 0.10 1,928.2 1,580.4 Shore Regional (9-12) (S/R)
West Long Branch (K-8) (S/R)
Long Branch 16 city 30,406 14,170 6.28 1.01 5.27 5,824.4 2,686.7 Long Branch Branchport
East Long Branch
Elberon
North Long Branch
Pier Village
West End
Manalapan
Township
41 township 39,596 13,735 30.84 0.23 30.61 1,270.0 448.8 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Manalapan-Englishtown (PK-8)
Clarks Mills
Elton
Gordons Corner
Lafayette Mills
Millhurst
Monmouth Heights
Oakland Mills
Smithburg
Taylors Mills
Tennent
Whittier Oaks
Yorketown CDP (6,535)
Manasquan 2 borough 5,846 3,500 2.53 1.15 1.38 4,263.0 2,530.2 Manasquan
Marlboro
Township
49 township 39,874 13,436 30.47 0.11 30.36 1,323.7 442.5 Freehold Regional (9-12)
Marlboro Township (PK-8)
Beacon Hill
Bradevelt
Claytons Corner
Henningers Mills
Herberts Corner
Hillsdale
Marlboro
Monmouth Heights
Montrose
Morganville CDP (5,040)
Mount Pleasant
Pleasant Valley
Robertsville CDP (11,297)
Smocks Corner
Spring Valley
Wickatunk
Matawan 33 borough 8,736 3,606 2.40 0.14 2.26 3,896.6 1,594.9 Matawan-Aberdeen Freneau
Middletown
Township
52 township 65,490 24,959 58.73 17.75 40.99 1,622.9 608.9 Middletown Township Belford CDP (1,768)
Chapel Hill
East Keansburg
Everett
Fairview CDP (3,806)
Harmony
Hendrickson Corners
Holland
Leonardo CDP (2,757)
Leonardville
Lincroft CDP (6,135)
Locust
Monmouth Hills
Navesink CDP (2,020)
New Monmouth (28,689)
North Middletown CDP (3,295)
Oak Hill
Philips Mills
Port Monmouth CDP (3,818)
Red Hill
River Plaza
Stone Church
Tiltons Corner
Town Brook
Millstone
Township
40 township 10,453 3,434 37.27 0.68 36.59 288.8 93.9 Upper Freehold Regional (9-12) (S/R)
Millstone Township (PK-8)
Bairdsville
Bergen Mills
Carrs Corner
Carrs Tavern
Charleston Springs
Clarksburg
Ely
Elys Corner
Fair Play
Holmeson
Perrineville
Smithburg
Stone Tavern
Sweetman
Monmouth
Beach
17 borough 3,279 1,981 2.07 0.99 1.08 3,049.5 1,842.4 Shore Regional (9-12)
Monmouth Beach (PK-8)
Galilee
Neptune
Township
45 township 27,595 12,991 8.67 0.49 8.18 3,414.3 1,587.8 Neptune Township Bradley Park
Green Grove
Hamilton
Ocean Grove CDP (3,342)
Shark River Hills CDP (3,697)
West Grove
Neptune City 9 borough 4,869 2,312 0.95 0.00 0.95 5,105.0 2,424.0 Neptune Township (9-12) (S/R)
Neptune City (K-8)
Ocean
Township
46 township 26,708 11,541 11.00 0.12 10.88 2,509.1 1,061.1 Ocean Township Cold Indian Springs
Deal Park
Elberon Park
Green Grove
Oakhurst CDP (3,995)
Oakhurst Manor
Wanamassa CDP (4,532)
Wayside
Wertheins Corner
West Allenhurst (1,934)
Oceanport 22 borough 5,751 2,390 3.80 0.62 3.18 1,833.7 751.5 Shore Regional (9-12)
Oceanport (PK-8)
Port-au-peck
Sands Point
Red Bank 26 borough 12,048 5,381 2.16 0.42 1.74 7,019.1 3,094.4 Red Bank Regional (9-12)
Red Bank (PK-8)
Roosevelt 37 borough 882 327 1.92 0.01 1.91 461.8 171.2 East Windsor (7-12) (S/R)
Roosevelt (PK-6)
Rumson 19 borough 6,776 2,585 7.12 2.06 5.06 1,408.0 511.0 Rumson-Fair Haven (9-12)
Rumson (PK-8)
Oceanic
Waterloo
Sea Bright 18 borough 1,412 1,211 1.29 0.56 0.73 1,935.5 1,659.9 Shore Regional (9-12)
Oceanport (PK-8) (S/R)
Low Moor
Navesink Beach
Normandie
Sea Girt 3 borough 1,828 1,291 1.45 0.39 1.06 1,729.6 1,221.5 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Sea Girt (PK-8)
Shrewsbury
Borough
25 borough 3,809 1,310 2.20 0.03 2.17 1,757.2 604.4 Red Bank Regional (9-12)
Shrewsbury (PK-8)
Shrewsbury
Township
48 township 1,141 648 0.10 0.00 0.10 10,877.7 6,177.7 Monmouth Regional (9-12)
Tinton Falls (K-8)
Spring Lake 5 borough 2,993 2,048 1.73 0.40 1.33 2,250.8 1,540.2 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Spring Lake (PK-8)
North Spring Lake
Spring Lake
Heights
4 borough 4,713 2,972 1.31 0.03 1.28 3,671.3 2,315.1 Manasquan (9-12) (S/R)
Spring Lake Heights (K-8)
Villa Park
Tinton Falls 27 borough 17,563 8,766 15.62 0.14 15.49 1,155.3 566.0 Monmouth Regional (9-12)
Tinton Falls (K-8)
Green Grove
Hockhockson
Macedonia
Pine Brook
Reevytown
Wayside
West Shrewsbury
Wileys Corner
Union Beach 31 borough 5,485 2,269 1.89 0.09 1.80 3,461.5 1,257.7 Keyport (9-12) (S/R)
Union Beach (PK-8)
Natco
Van Marters Corner
Upper Freehold
Township
39 township 7,019 2,458 47.23 0.82 46.42 148.7 53.0 Upper Freehold Regional Arneytown
Cooleys Corner
Cream Ridge
Ellisdale
Emleys Hill
Homes Mills
Hornerstown
Imlaystown
Kirbys Mills
Nelsonville
New Canton
New Sharon
Polhemustown
Pullentown
Red Valley
Robinsville
Sharon
Shrewsbury
Spring Mill
Walnford
Wrightsville
Wall Township 44 township 25,705 10,883 31.74 1.06 30.67 853.0 354.8 Wall Township Allaire
Allenwood CDP (925)
Collingwood Park
Glendola
New Bedford
West Belmar CDP (2,493)
West Long
Branch
23 borough 7,909 2,528 2.89 0.04 2.86 2,832.9 884.5 Shore Regional (9-12)
West Long Branch (K-8)
Monmouth County county 630,380 258,410 665.32 196.53 468.79 1,344.7 551.2

Fire departments[edit]

Monmouth County is covered by 53 different fire departments, which contain 135 individual fire companies and over 7,000 volunteer firefighters, who are all represented by the Monmouth County Firemen's Association.[103]

The Monmouth County Fire Marshal's Office is responsible for training all of the firefighters through the Monmouth County Fire Academy, as well as investigating any fires which may be deemed suspicious and/or involving a fatality. The Monmouth County fire marshal, currently Kevin Stout, and his staff – including assistant fire marshals and academy staff – are appointed by the County Board of Commissioners.[104]

With the exception of the fully professional Asbury Park Fire Department and the US Navy Fire Department at NWS Earle, the remainder of the municipalities in the county have volunteer or combination fire departments.[105] The largest volunteer department is in Middletown Township with 11 stations and 350 active members, special services, air and fire police units, in addition to operating its own training facility.[106]

In terms of hazardous material (HazMat) emergencies, very few towns have special units to respond to these types of emergencies. Fort Monmouth responded to most HazMat cases prior to the closing of the base. Naval Weapons Station Earle is also available for HazMat incidents. Hazardous Materials incidents are currently managed by Monmouth County Hazmat as the lead agency with a joint cooperative team comprised of Neptune Township OEM, Southard (Howell) Fire Company and Middletown Fire Department Special Services.

The oldest fire department in the county in continuous operation is the Hope Fire Company in Allentown, organized in 1856.[citation needed] The newest fire department, Holmdel Fire Co. No. 2 was established in 2006.[citation needed]

Monmouth County utilizes a mutual aid system, in which surrounding municipalities are available to send their resources to incidents where extra help or expertise is needed.[107]

Coroners and medical examiners[edit]

Jordan Woolley served as coroner circa 1880.[108] John W. Flock Sr. was the coroner in 1902.[109] The office of medical examiner was merged with Middlesex County, New Jersey in 2016.[110] Dr. Diane Karluk is the medical examiner serving Mercer County, Middlesex County and Monmouth County.[111][112]

Climate and weather[edit]

Freehold Borough, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.6
 
 
39
22
 
 
2.9
 
 
43
24
 
 
4.1
 
 
51
30
 
 
4.2
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.1
 
 
72
50
 
 
4.4
 
 
81
60
 
 
5
 
 
86
65
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
64
 
 
4.5
 
 
77
55
 
 
3.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.8
 
 
55
36
 
 
4
 
 
44
27
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[113]

Much of Monmouth County has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), while some inland areas have a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa). In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Freehold Borough have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 2011. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.98 inches (76 mm) in February to 5.08 inches (129 mm) in July.[113]

Average monthly temperatures in Asbury Park range from 32.5 °F in January to 75.0 °F in July, while in Allentown, NJ they range from 32.1 °F in January to 75.5 °F in July. [1]

On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused catastrophic damage to coastal areas of Monmouth County. As Sandy's surge arrived in Monmouth County, flood levels of 13.31 feet (4.06 m) above normal were measured at Sandy Hook shortly before the destruction of the tidal station, breaking all previous local records. The surge caused waves as high as 32.5 feet (9.9 m), measured where the Sandy Hook Bay meets the New York Bay.[114]

Monmouth County SPCA[edit]

The Monmouth County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is an animal welfare organization in Eatontown providing animal sheltering and cruelty investigation services to Monmouth County, New Jersey. It was founded in 1945 to care for the community's homeless, neglected and abused animals. It is a private, not-for-profit s. 501(c)3 organization. In 1999, the organization made the decision to become a no-kill shelter. The organization remains open-admission for communities it serves, taking owner surrenders by appointment and also offers animals for adoption.[115][116] Its Humane Law Enforcement Division investigates more than 900 animal cruelty complaints every year, and accepts anonymous calls. The SPCA also provides dog obedience training, a spay/neutering clinic and pet bereavement counselling.[117][118]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

Garden State Parkway northbound entering Monmouth County

As of May 2010, the county had a total of 3,354.67 miles (5,398.82 km) of roadways, of which 2,762.31 miles (4,445.51 km) are maintained by the local municipality, 360.42 miles (580.04 km) by Monmouth County and 204.89 miles (329.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 27.05 miles (43.53 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[119]

The state routes include Route 18, Route 33, Route 33 Business, Route 34, Route 35, Route 36, Route 66, Route 70, Route 71, Route 79, and Route 138. U.S. Route 9 passes through and practically bisects Monmouth, stretching through the county for more than 20 miles (32 km) from Lakewood in Ocean County in the south to Old Bridge Township in Middlesex County to the north.[120]

Limited access roads include Interstate 195, the only interstate to pass through the county, which extends for 8.4 miles (13.5 km) from Jackson in Ocean County on the west to Wall in Monmouth County on the east.[121] The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) just misses the county border by 0.2 miles (0.32 km) near Upper Freehold Township. The Garden State Parkway extends 26.5 miles (42.6 km) from Brick Township in Ocean County in the south to Old Bridge Township in Middlesex County to the north.[122] The Parkway's Monmouth Service Area is located at milepost 100, between exits 98 and 100.[123]

Public transportation[edit]

Red Bank Train Station
Little Silver Train Station

Numerous NJ Transit buses crisscross and deliver hundreds of passengers each day to northern New Jersey and New York's Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan as well as the 317 bus line going into Philadelphia. Many hundreds more each day travel on NJ Transit Rail Operations' North Jersey Coast Line, which serves Penn Station in New York City, and passes through Middlesex County, entering Monmouth County at Matawan, with 14 stations covering the length of the county, connecting the New York region to Atlantic Ocean shore communities.[124]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b New Jersey County Map Archived March 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  2. ^ QuickFacts - Monmouth County, New Jersey; New Jersey; United States Archived April 29, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ a b DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 22, 2013.
  4. ^ NJ Labor Market Views Archived September 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing Archived July 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
  6. ^ The Origin of New Jersey Place Names: M, GetNJ.com. Accessed December 15, 2007.
  7. ^ Lippincott III, Bertram. "The Rhode Island Settlers of Monmouth County, New Jersey", Newport History, Vol. 71 : Issue 247 , Article 3. Accessed March 18, 2022. "However, in 1664, about eighty first and second generation Rhode Island settlers were responsible for the establishment and growth of Monmouth County in the Province of East Jersey. The reasons for the settlement of Monmouth County by Rhode Islanders are tied to the mobility of its early settlers and their persistent desire to seek land, opportunity, and freedom of worship."
  8. ^ How Monmouth County Got Its Name Archived 2008-08-13 at the Wayback Machine, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed August 14, 2008.
  9. ^ Pepe, p. 19.
  10. ^ Salter, Edwin (1890). History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties. p. 5. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016.
  11. ^ Freehold Township Archived March 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  12. ^ a b Hodges, Graham Russell. Slavery and Freedom in the Rural North: African Americans in Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1665–1865, p. 32. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1997. ISBN 9780945612513. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  13. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968 Archived June 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 177. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  14. ^ Capuzzo, Jill P. "British Beware: Monmouth Redux" Archived April 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, May 18, 2003. Accessed April 9, 2012. "The largest land artillery battle of the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Monmouth marked a significant turning point in the colonies' fight against the British crown."
  15. ^ New Jersey: A History of the Garden State edited by Maxine N. Lurie, Richard F. Veit page 131
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder - Results". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020.
  18. ^ American School Reform: Progressive, Equity, and Excellence Movements, 1883-1993 by Maurice R. Berube. Pg.3
  19. ^ New Jersey: A History of the Garden State edited by Maxine N. Lurie, Richard F. Veit page 204-205
  20. ^ "NYC Regional Geology: Atlantic Coastal Plain". USGS. 2003. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
  21. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties Archived May 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 12, 2015.
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