Mono Department

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Mono
Department
Grand-Popo-17 août 1999.jpg
Map highlighting the Mono Department
Map highlighting the Mono Department
Coordinates: 6°38′N 1°43′E / 6.633°N 1.717°E / 6.633; 1.717Coordinates: 6°38′N 1°43′E / 6.633°N 1.717°E / 6.633; 1.717
Country  Benin
Capital Lokossa
Area[1]
 • Total 1,605 km2 (620 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 495,307
 • Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Mono is one of the twelve departments of Benin. The capital of Mono is Lokossa. Some territories of Mono were moved to the newly formed Kouffo Department during 1999. Mono is subdivided into six communes, each centered at one of the principal towns, namely, Athiémè, Bopa, Comè, Grand-Popo, Houéyogbé and Lokossa. It has an area of 1,396 sq. km.

Per 2013 census, the total population of the department was 497,243 with 241,554 males and 255,689 females. The proportion of women was 51.40 per cent. The total rural population was 50.30 percent, while the urban population was 49.70 per cent. The total labour force in the department was 142,220 out of which 48.60 per cent were women. The proportion of households with no level of education was 48.70

Geography[edit]

A market in Grand Popo

Mono Department is located in coastal area that have interconnected lakes and lagoons and elongated coastlines with wide marsh. Freshwater and seawater fishing is the major profession in the region. Petroleum was discovered in the 60s in offshore areas, while titanium, low quality iron ore, ilmenite and chromite are the major minerals.[2] The southern regions receive two spells from March to July and September to November while the northern regions of the country receive one season of rainfall from May to September. The country receives an average annual rainfall of around 1,200 mm (47 in), but the region in the department receives relatively lesser rainfall.[3] The department has mostly low-lying sandy coastal plains towards Atlantic Ocean, marshes, lagoons and lakes. The highest elevation in the department around the coastal plains is 20 m (66 ft) compared to the average 200 m (660 ft) above average mean sea level of the country.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Religious census[5]
Religion Percent(%)
Muslim
  
1.5%
Methodist
  
2.4%
Vodoun
  
33.1%
Catholic
  
20.6%
Celestial
  
6.2%
Other Christian
  
14.7%
Other Traditional
  
1.2%
Other
  
4.5%
Other protestant
  
4.1%

Per 2013 census, the total population of the department was 497,243 with 241,554 males and 255,689 females. The proportion of women was 51.40 per cent. The total rural population was 50.30 percent, while the urban population was 49.70 per cent. The proportion of women in child bearing age of 15 to 49 years was 23.70 per cent. The total foreign population in the department was 8,975 which formed 1.80 per cent of the total population in the department. The propotion of assets of foreigners aged 10+ years was 40.70 per cent, while for the people aged 15-64 years, it was 39.70 per cent. The proportion of women in foreign population constituted 57.00 per cent. The number of households in the department was 105,986 and the average household size was 4.7. The intercensal growth rate of population was 2.90 per cent.[6]

The average age of women during first marriage in the department was 21.6 and the average age at maternity was 28.6. The synthetic index of fertility of women was 4.8. The average number of kernels in a house was 1.2 and the average number of persons in a room was 1.8. The total labour force in the department was 142,220 out of which 48.60 per cent were women. The proportion of households with no level of education was 48.70 and the proportion of households with children attending school was 80.30. The crude birth rate was 34.7, general rate of fertility was 146.10 and the gross reproduction rate was 2.30.[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Communes of Mono

Some territories of Mono were moved to the newly formed Kouffo Department during 1999. Mono is subdivided into six communes, each centered at one of the principal towns, namely, Athiémè, Bopa, Comè, Grand-Popo, Houéyogbé and Lokossa. It has an area of 1,396 sq. km.[7] Benin, formerly known as Dahomey, was a French colony till 1894. It gained independence during 1960 and was admitted to the United Nations. From 1960 to 1972, there was political instability with frequent change of leadership.[8] Benin originally had six administrative divisions, but was further bifurcated to make it 12. Each de-concentrated administrative services, called directions départementales(DD) of the sectoral ministries, take care of two administrative regions. A law passed during 1999 empowered the territorial administration to local governments.[9] Municipalities and communal councils have elected representatives who manage the administration of the regions. The latest elections of the municipal and communal councils were held during June 2015.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Benin". Geohive. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  2. ^ McColl, R. W. (2014). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. p. 92-93. ISBN 9780816072293. 
  3. ^ Haggett, Peter, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 17. Marshall Cavendish. p. 2325. ISBN 9780761473060. 
  4. ^ Benin Mineral & Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide. Int'l Business Publications. 2007. pp. 21–22. ISBN 9781433019012. 
  5. ^ a b "Socio economic data of Benin, 2013". Institut National de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (INSAE) du Benin. 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Benin, 2013". Institut National de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (INSAE) du Benin. 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  7. ^ Houngnikpo, Mathurin C.; Decalo, Samuel (2013). Historical Dictionary of Benin. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 257. ISBN 9780810871717. 
  8. ^ "Benin country profile". BBC. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  9. ^ Republic of Benin, Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 8. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Local elections in Benin, 2015". African Elections Database. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 

External links[edit]