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Monopsychism is the belief that all humans share the same eternal consciousness, soul, mind and intellect. It is also a recurring feature in many mystical traditions.


Thomas Aquinas disagreed with this belief and devoted most of his writing to Averroism and criticized monopsychism. One of his works, a commentary on Aristotle's On the soul, is titled De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas.[1] In this commentary, Aquinas demonstrates how Averroes misinterpreted Aristotle's argument, claiming that the correct interpretation was that an individual's intellect cannot be independent of his or her physical body.

(...) intellect, can be separated, not indeed from body, as the Commentator (Averroes) perversely interprets, but from other parts of the soul (...)

— Aquinas

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Thomas Aquinas: De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas". Archived from the original on 9 December 2010.