Monroe County, Iowa

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Monroe County
The courthouse in Albia is on the NRHP
The courthouse in Albia is on the NRHP
Map of Iowa highlighting Monroe County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°01′42″N 92°52′12″W / 41.028333333333°N 92.87°W / 41.028333333333; -92.87
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1843
SeatAlbia
Largest cityAlbia
Area
 • Total434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 • Land434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,577
 • Density17/sq mi (6.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitemonroecounty.iowa.gov

Monroe County is a county located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Iowa. In the early 20th century, it was a center of bituminous coal mining and in 1910 had a population of more than 25,000. As mining declined, people moved elsewhere for work. In the 2020 census, the population was 7,577.[1] The county seat is Albia.[2] The county, originally called Kishkekosh County after a famous chief of the Meskwaki,[3] was renamed for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 434 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,884
18608,612198.6%
187012,72447.7%
188013,7197.8%
189013,666−0.4%
190017,98531.6%
191025,42941.4%
192023,467−7.7%
193015,010−36.0%
194014,553−3.0%
195011,814−18.8%
196010,463−11.4%
19709,357−10.6%
19809,209−1.6%
19908,114−11.9%
20008,016−1.2%
20107,970−0.6%
20207,577−4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
Population of Monroe County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 7,577 in the county, with a population density of 17.5217/sq mi (6.7652/km2). 96.86% of the population reported being of one race. 93.81% were non-Hispanic White, 0.25% were Black, 1.54% were Hispanic, 0.17% were Native American, 0.21% were Asian, 0.03% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.99% were some other race or more than one race. There were 3,636 housing units, of which 3,116 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 7,970 in the county, with a population density of 18.389/sq mi (7.100/km2). There were 3,884 housing units, of which 3,213 were occupied.[11]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Monroe County

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 8,016 people, 3,228 households, and 2,211 families in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 3,588 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.40% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 3,228 households, 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.00% of households were one person, and 15.30% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median household income was $34,877 and the median family income was $41,611. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $21,401 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,155. About 5.60% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Chief Kishkekosh of the Meskwaki, after whom the county was originally named

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

  • Buxton, the largest town with a majority-black population in the early 20th century

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Monroe County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Albia City 3,721
2 Eddyville (mostly in Mahaska and Wapello Counties) City 970
3 Moravia (mostly in Appanoose County) City 637
4 Lovilia City 472
5 Melrose City 110

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Monroe County, Iowa[13][14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,975 72.77% 1,078 26.37% 35 0.86%
2016 2,638 68.25% 1,056 27.32% 171 4.42%
2012 2,026 52.90% 1,731 45.20% 73 1.91%
2008 2,000 51.63% 1,798 46.41% 76 1.96%
2004 2,067 52.16% 1,855 46.81% 41 1.03%
2000 1,858 50.95% 1,699 46.59% 90 2.47%
1996 1,272 36.21% 1,884 53.63% 357 10.16%
1992 1,323 34.98% 1,829 48.36% 630 16.66%
1988 1,313 35.81% 2,338 63.76% 16 0.44%
1984 1,927 44.91% 2,342 54.58% 22 0.51%
1980 2,003 48.65% 1,866 45.32% 248 6.02%
1976 1,581 39.56% 2,360 59.06% 55 1.38%
1972 2,357 56.73% 1,736 41.78% 62 1.49%
1968 2,143 45.55% 2,240 47.61% 322 6.84%
1964 1,588 33.15% 3,186 66.50% 17 0.35%
1960 2,922 54.20% 2,459 45.61% 10 0.19%
1956 2,984 53.17% 2,616 46.61% 12 0.21%
1952 3,219 53.28% 2,785 46.09% 38 0.63%
1948 2,371 40.01% 3,445 58.13% 110 1.86%
1944 2,625 44.27% 3,258 54.95% 46 0.78%
1940 3,270 44.57% 3,994 54.44% 72 0.98%
1936 3,001 40.22% 4,205 56.36% 255 3.42%
1932 2,458 38.25% 3,716 57.83% 252 3.92%
1928 4,060 58.16% 2,819 40.38% 102 1.46%
1924 4,098 50.92% 1,388 17.25% 2,562 31.83%
1920 4,500 61.21% 2,081 28.31% 771 10.49%
1916 2,144 45.15% 2,095 44.11% 510 10.74%
1912 1,385 26.22% 1,485 28.11% 2,412 45.66%
1908 2,686 51.58% 1,979 38.01% 542 10.41%
1904 3,249 62.17% 1,182 22.62% 795 15.21%
1900 2,233 51.62% 1,705 39.41% 388 8.97%
1896 1,836 45.69% 2,086 51.92% 96 2.39%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Stanek, Edward and Jacqueline (1976). Iowa's Magnificent County Courthouses. Des Moines: Wallace-Homestead. p. 142. ISBN 0-87069-189-9.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 212.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau – American FactFinder. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  14. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,121 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 104 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 86 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°01′42″N 92°52′12″W / 41.02833°N 92.87000°W / 41.02833; -92.87000