Monroe County, Missouri

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Monroe County, Missouri
Monroe County Missouri Courthouse.JPG
The Monroe County Courthouse in Paris
Map of Missouri highlighting Monroe County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 6, 1831
Named for James Monroe
Seat Paris
Largest city Monroe City
Area
 • Total 670 sq mi (1,735 km2)
 • Land 648 sq mi (1,678 km2)
 • Water 23 sq mi (60 km2), 3.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 8,583
 • Density 14/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Monroe County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,840.[1] Its county seat is Paris.[2]

History[edit]

The county was organized January 6, 1831[3] and named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States.[4]

Monroe County was one of several along the Missouri River settled by migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. The county was considered at the heart of what was called Little Dixie.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 648 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (3.4%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 9,505
1850 10,541 10.9%
1860 14,785 40.3%
1870 17,149 16.0%
1880 19,071 11.2%
1890 20,790 9.0%
1900 19,716 −5.2%
1910 18,304 −7.2%
1920 16,414 −10.3%
1930 13,466 −18.0%
1940 13,195 −2.0%
1950 11,314 −14.3%
1960 10,688 −5.5%
1970 9,542 −10.7%
1980 9,716 1.8%
1990 9,104 −6.3%
2000 9,311 2.3%
2010 8,840 −5.1%
Est. 2015 8,583 [7] −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 8,840 people, 3,656 households, and 2,566 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,565 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.66% White, 3.83% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Approximately 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.7% were of German, 23.2% American, 14.2% English and 11.8% Irish ancestry.

There were 3,656 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,871, and the median income for a family was $36,895. Males had a median income of $26,534 versus $20,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,695. About 8.30% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party completely controls politics at the local level in Monroe County. Democrats hold all of the elected positions in the county.

Monroe County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Judy Harmon Democratic
Circuit Clerk Heather D. Wheeler Democratic
County Clerk Sandra Francis Democratic
Collector Anita Dunkle Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Michael Minor Democratic
Commissioner
(District 1)
Mike Whelan Democratic
Commissioner
(District 2)
Glenn E. Turner Democratic
Coroner James K. Reinhard Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Talley Kendrick Democratic
Public Administrator Marguerite Jones Democratic
Recorder Merry Sue Meals Democratic
Sheriff J. David Hoffman Democratic
Surveyor Zach Cooper Democratic
Treasurer Rita Wilkerson Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 48.55% 1,948 48.68% 1,953 2.77% 111
2008 56.97% 2,459 41.94% 1,810 1.09% 47
2004 60.00% 2,576 38.90% 1,670 1.10% 47
2000 44.08% 1,801 54.19% 2,214 1.73% 71
1996 27.51% 1,053 70.72% 2,707 1.78% 68

Monroe County is divided into two representative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both represented by Republicans.

Missouri House of Representatives — District 5 — Monroe County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lindell F. Shumake 367 68.98 +27.93
Democratic C. Leroy Deichman 165 31.02 -27.93
Missouri House of Representatives — District 5 — Monroe County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lindell F. Shumake 429 41.05
Democratic Tom Shively 616 58.95
  • District 40 – Jim Hansen (R-Frankford). Consists of the communities of Florida, Holliday, Madison, Paris, Santa Fe, and Stoutsville.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 40 — Monroe County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jim Hansen 1,208 72.99 +36.82
Democratic Lowell Jackson 447 27.01 -36.82
Missouri House of Representatives — District 40 — Monroe County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jim Hansen 1,080 36.17
Democratic Paul Quinn 1,906 63.83

Monroe County is a part of Missouri’s 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Jeanie Riddle (R-Fulton).

Missouri Senate — District 10 — Monroe County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeanie Riddle 1,599 71.55
Democratic Ed Schieffer 620 28.45

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Monroe County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 1,917 47.89
Democratic Claire McCaskill 1,888 47.16
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 198 4.95

Monroe County is included in Missouri's 6th congressional district and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Monroe County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 1,592 73.33 +10.41
Democratic Bill Hedge 529 24.37 -10.38
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 50 2.30 +0.02
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Monroe County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 2,410 62.92
Democratic Kyle Yarber 1,331 34.75
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 89 2.32

Political Culture[edit]

Monroe County was one of only two jurisdictions in Missouri to be carried by Democrat George McGovern in the 1972 presidential election against incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon. The other was the City of St. Louis. Monroe County was first carried by a Republican in 1976 by John Danforth in the U.S. Senate race. In 1984, Ronald Reagan became the first Republican candidate for president to win the county. Since 2000, the county has voted Republican in federal and state elections.

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 63.20% 2,564 34.46% 1,398 2.34% 95
2008 58.72% 2,533 39.48% 1,703 1.80% 78
2004 61.11% 2,632 38.24% 1,647 0.66% 28
2000 53.13% 2,175 45.43% 1,860 1.44% 59
1996 34.80% 1,333 50.59% 1,938 14.62% 560

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 590, than any candidate from either party in Monroe County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Monroe County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 221 (27.59%)
Mike Huckabee 300 (37.45%)
Mitt Romney 231 (28.84%)
Ron Paul 32 (4.00%)
Monroe County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 590 (52.73%)
Barack Obama 444 (39.68%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 68 (6.08%)
Uncommitted 9 (0.80%)

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Smiley, W. L. (1876). An illustrated historical atlas of Monroe County, Missouri, 1876. Philadelphia: Edwards Brothers. p. 8. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 212. 
  5. ^ The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Mark Twain Birthplace State Historical Site". Missouri State Parks. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Arkansas Governor Xenophon Overton Pindall". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  15. ^ "North Dakota Governor Eli C. D. Shortridge". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°30′N 92°00′W / 39.50°N 92.00°W / 39.50; -92.00