Monroe County, West Virginia
|Monroe County, West Virginia|
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 14, 1799|
|Named for||James Monroe|
|• Total||474 sq mi (1,228 km2)|
|• Land||473 sq mi (1,225 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%|
|• Density||29/sq mi (11/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC−5/−4|
Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,502. Its county seat is Union. Monroe County was created from Greenbrier County in 1799 and named for James Monroe who eventually became the fifth President of the United States.
Monroe County was the home of Andrew Summers Rowan of Spanish–American War fame, who is immortalized in Elbert Hubbard's classic A Message to Garcia. The county was also the site of the 1928 discovery of the 34.48 carat (6.896 g) Jones Diamond by Grover C. Jones and his son, William "Punch" Jones.
Monroe County celebrates its own holiday, Farmers' Day, and is known for its close community.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Government and infrastructure
- 6 Natural Landmarks
- 7 Historic Landmarks
- 8 Education
- 9 Farmers' Day
- 10 Communities
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 References
Monroe County was formed on January 14, 1799 from portions of Greenbrier County. It was named after James Monroe, a Virginia statesman and senator, and the future fifth President of the United States.
- U.S. Highway 219
- West Virginia Route 3
- West Virginia Route 12
- West Virginia Route 122
- West Virginia Route 311
- Greenbrier County (north)
- Alleghany County, Virginia (northeast)
- Craig County, Virginia (east)
- Giles County, Virginia (south)
- Summers County (west)
Tributaries of the New River
Tributaries of the Greenbrier River
- Second Creek
- Sinks Grove
National Natural Landmark
National protected areas
- George Washington National Forest
- Jefferson National Forest * Recently, a natural gas pipeline,MVP,project entered in the Jefferson National Forest. 
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,583 people, 5,447 households, and 3,883 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 7,267 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.67% White, 5.98% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 0.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,447 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county, the population was spread out with 20.10% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 79.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,575, and the median income for a family was $35,299. Males had a median income of $25,643 versus $22,104 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,435. About 12.60% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,502 people, 5,655 households, and 3,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 28.6 inhabitants per square mile (11.0/km2). There were 7,601 housing units at an average density of 16.1 per square mile (6.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.7% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.5% were Irish, 16.7% were English, 16.3% were German, 10.4% were American, and 5.7% were Scotch-Irish.
Of the 5,655 households, 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, and 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 45.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,574 and the median income for a family was $45,106. Males had a median income of $35,709 versus $23,782 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,927. About 10.3% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
Monroe County was strongly pro-Confederate during the Virginia Secession Convention. It voted Democratic consistently up until voting for William McKinley in 1900, but since then has leaned Republican except during Democratic landslides, and like all of West Virginia has become overwhelmingly Republican in the twenty-first century due to declining unionization and differences with the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues.
Government and infrastructure
One of Monroe County's geological features is Haynes Cave, a former saltpeter mine. Strange bones were discovered by the miners at the end of the 18th Century, and mailed to Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson's study of the animal, the Megalonyx jeffersonii was arguably the birth of American paleontology. It is now the official West Virginia state fossil.
However, other saltpeter caves are in private ownership and limited for tourism due to ecological risks. One such is the Greenville Saltpeter Cave, designated a national natural landmark in 1973, and very important during the War of 1812.
Monroe County Schools operates public schools.
- James Monroe High School
- Mountain View Elementary/Middle School
- Peterstown Middle School
- Peterstown Elementary School
Farmers' Day is held every year on the first Saturday in June in Union. Founder Louie H. Peters, held in honor of the countless farming families in the surrounding area, the event is stretched out over the entire weekend, including the Friday evening dance held in the local grocery store's parking lot, the Pancake Breakfast and Farmers' Day Parade on Saturday, and the numerous shows, games, and activities that take place well into Sunday evening.
Fresh food produced by the citizens of Monroe County, is sold along the sidewalks, games for children can be found in the various parking lots, and live music by one of the local bands is played throughout the weekend. Popular events include the annual horse show, car show, and fire works.
- Crimson Springs
- Gap Mills
- Laurel Branch
- Raines Corner
- Red Sulphur Springs
- Rock Camp
- Salt Sulphur Springs
- Sinks Grove
- Sweet Springs
- Moncove Lake State Park
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Monroe County, West Virginia
- Bluestone Lake Wildlife Management Area
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- Hinkle, Harlan H.; Grayback Mountaineers: The Confederate Face of Western Virginia, p. 194 ISBN 0595268404
- Schwartzman, Gabe; ‘How Central Appalachia Went Right’; Daily Yonder, January 13, 2015
- Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
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- "Martha's Prison Thanksgiving." The Cincinnati Post. November 24, 2004. Retrieved on January 5, 2010. "Mullins said the prison dormitories are in Summers County."
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- Steelhammer, Rick (2008), "W.Va.'s 'Official' Sloth Fossil on Display near Cheat Lake", Charleston Gazette, Thursday, Sept 19, 2008.
- Hajenga, Jeff (Winter 2005). "The Twilight Zone" (PDF). West Virginia Wildlife: 8–10.
- "Great Saltpetre Cave History". www.rkci.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28.