Photo of Salisbury from Moving Picture World, May 1919
|Born||Orange Salisbury Cash
May 8, 1876
Angola, New York, US
|Died||August 7, 1935
San Bernardino, California, US
Monroe Salisbury (May 8, 1876 – August 7, 1935) was an American actor. He appeared on the stage for several years and then became an early film star.
Salisbury was a matinee idol. He began his acting career on the stage in 1898, appearing in numerous romantic leads. He also appeared in five Broadway productions. He was in 42 silent movies between 1914 and 1922, working frequently with director Cecil B. DeMille. Salisbury, who appeared in several western films, also appeared in two talkies, in 1929 and 1930.
After his career was at an end, Salisbury died at a mental hospital from a fractured skull sustained during a fall.
He was born Orange Salisbury Cash in Angola, New York, the son of David Cash (c. 1840–?) and Ellen Louise Salisbury (1842–1929). Orr's two elder sisters were Adelaide Mary Cash (1864–1956), who married John Casper Bosche (1861–1929), and Anna Louise Cash (1868–1951), who married Edward Clarke.
His mother had a younger brother named Orange James Salisbury (1844–1907). She also had an elder brother named Monroe Salisbury (1835–1905), a government contractor and well-known turfman who bred racehorses.
Orr took the name Monroe Salisbury as his stage name. He appeared behind the footlights with such notables as Richard Mansfield, Eleonora Duse, John Drew, Nance O'Neil, Minnie Maddern Fiske, and Kathryn Kidder.
While he was performing in Providence, Rhode Island, in June 1900, Salisbury and his mother were staying in a hotel on Weybosset Street when the U.S. Federal Census was taken. His debut on Broadway was in the play Marta of the Lowlands (1903).
Salisbury's film debut was in the uncredited role as Sir Henry, Earl of Kerhill, in DeMille's The Squaw Man (1914). He also worked for DeMille in such movies as Brewster's Millions, The Master Mind, The Virginian, and Rose of the Rancho, which were all released in 1914. He also appeared alongside Douglas Fairbanks in The Lamb and Double Trouble (both [1915).
Salisbury scored his greatest success when he starred as Alessandro in Ramona (1916) opposite Adda Gleason in the title role. He then signed with Universal Studios, where he was among the top movie stars for several years.
In the late 1910s he bought a 40-acre (160,000 m2) citrus ranch near Hemet, and, between pictures, it was his habit to drive out and drop in unexpectedly on the Native American overseer and his family who lived on the place and worked in the groves.
In 1920 Salisbury and his mother were still living at the Mountain View Inn on Hollywood Boulevard. He formed his own production company, that same year, and produced and starred in The Barbarian (1920). His final starring role was in the drama Great Alone (1922), in which he played a half-Native American college student and football player, a character presumably half his age. He then retired from the screen.
With the advent of sound in the late 1920s, Salisbury returned to the screen in two talkies. He appeared in a Christie comedy short, Her Husband's Woman (1929). He then played John Lamar in Universal's 10 chapter serial The Jade Box (1930).
The Jade Box serial was Salisbury's final movie appearances. In 1930, he was living at the Warner Kelton Hotel at 6326 Lexington Avenue, just west of Vine Street, in Hollywood.
On July 2, 1935, Salisbury entered Patton State Hospital, a mental facility near San Bernardino, as a patient. He may have been admitted under his real name, Orr Cash. His occupation was given as hotel clerk. A month later, he suffered a bad fall at the institution and was fatally injured.
Monroe Salisbury died at age 59 from a fractured skull sustained in his fall at the institution. He was at a local mortuary for a day before his true identity was discovered. Only four mourners were present at his funeral on August 9, 1935, at the mortuary in San Bernardino. His body was returned to Los Angeles, for cremation and his ashes interred with his mother in the family plot at Rosedale Cemetery.
- The Squaw Man (1914)
- Brewster's Millions (1914)
- The Master Mind (1914)
- The Virginian (1914)
- Ready Money (1914)
- Rose of the Rancho (1914)
- The Goose Girl (1915)
- After Five (1915)
- A Gentleman of Leisure (1915)
- The Lamb (1915)
- Double Trouble (1915)
- Ramona (1916)
- The Silent Lie (1917)
- The Cook of Canyon Camp (1917)
- The Savage (1917)
- Hugon, The Mighty (1918)
- That Devil, Bateese (1918)
- The Man in the Moonlight (1919)
- The Sundown Trail (1919)
- The Barbarian (1920)
- The Jade Box (1930)
- 1880 Erie Co., NY, U.S. Federal Census, Evans, July 14, Enumeration Dist. 91, Sheet 18, Page 347 B, Line 33, David Cash; Line 34, Ellen Cash; Line 37, Orange Cash, White, Male, 4, Son, Single, NY, NY, NY.
- 1900 Providence Co., RI, U.S. Federal Census, Providence, Ward 4, 205 Weybosset St., June 5, Enumeration Dist. 37, Sheet 2 A, Page 297 A, Line 22, O.S. Cash, Boarder, White, Male, May, 1876, 24, Single, NY, NY, NY, Actor, 0, Y, Y, Y; Line 23, E.L. Cash.
- World War I Draft Registration Card, Serial No. 2410, Order No. 901, Name: Orange Salisbury Cash, Address: 5956 Hollywood Bl., Hwd., Los Angeles Co., Age in Years: 42, Date of Birth: May 8, 1876, Race: White, Citizenship: Native Born, Present Occupation: Actor, Employer's Name: Universal Film Co., Employer Location: Universal City, Los Angeles Co., Cal., Nearest Relative: Mrs. Ellen Louise Cash 5956 Hollywood Bl., Hwd., Los Angeles Co., Signed: Orange Salisbury Cash (signature below: Monroe Salisbury), Registrar's Report: Description of Registrant: Height: Tall, Build: Medium, Color of Eyes: Hazel, Color of Hair: Dark Brown, Any physical problems: No, Registrar Note: "Professionally known only as "Monroe Salisbury." This name used as his 15 years." Dated Sept. 15, 1918, Local Draft Board: 14, Los Angeles, Cal.
- Los Angeles Times, Oct. 24, 1919, "Droll Stories --- No Proof There," p. II 4.
- 1920 Los Angeles Co., CA, U.S. Federal Census, Los Angeles, Precinct 403, Mountain View Inn, 5956 Hollywood Blvd., January 9, Enumeration Dist. 169, Sheet 6 B, Page 215 B, Line 57, Monroe Salisbury, Boarder, Male, White, 42, Single, Y, Y, NY, NY, NY, Y, Actor, Motion Pictures; Line 58, Ellen Louise Cash.
- California Passenger and Crew Lists, List of United States Citizens (For the Immigration Authorities), No. 108, S.S. Taiyo Maru, Sailing from: Kobe, Japan, June 5, 1928, Arriving at Port of San Francisco, Calif., June 22, 1928, Name in Full: Monroe Salisbury, Age: 52, Sex: Male, Married or Single: S, Date and Place of Birth: New York [sic], N.Y. May 8, 1876, Address in U.S.: Hemet, Calif.
- 1930 Los Angeles Co., CA, U.S. Federal Census, Los Angeles, Assembly Dist. 55, Warner Kelton Hotel, 6326 Lexington Ave., April 14, Enumeration Dist. 47, Sheet 23 B, Page 157 B, Line 84, Monroe Salisbury, Head, Rented, $60, Male, White, 49 [sic], Single, N, Y, NY, NY, NY, Y, Actor, Theatrical, Wages, Y, (Vet.?) N.
- California Passenger and Crew Lists, List of United States Citizens (For the Immigration Authorities), No. 1562, S.S. Ruth Alexander, Sailing from: Ensenada, Mexico, Feb. 28, 1932, Arriving at Port of San Pedro, Calif., Feb. 28, 1932, Name in Full: Monroe Salisbury, Age: 55, Sex: Male, Married or Single: M, Date and Place of Birth: Buffalo [sic], N.Y. May 8, 1877 [sic], Address in U.S.: 6326 Lexington Hollywood.
- Los Angeles Times, Aug. 9, 1935, "End Tragic --- Ex-Film Idol Dies In Fall --- Body of Monroe Salisbury, Long Unidentified, Held in San Bernardino," p. 1.
- New York Times, Aug. 9, 1935, from San Bernardino, Calif., Aug. 8, "Monroe Salisbury --- Former Star of Films, 59, Was Injured Fatally in Fall," p. 17.
- Los Angeles Times, Aug. 10, 1935, "Four Attend Last Rites For Salisbury, Ex-Actor," p. A 1.
- Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery, Los Angeles, California, Sexton Records, Orr S. Cash.
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