Monroe Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey

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For the municipality of the same name in Middlesex County, see Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey.

Monroe Township, New Jersey
Township of Monroe
Downer Methodist Episcopal Church
Monroe Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Monroe Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Monroe Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Monroe Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey
Monroe Township is located in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Monroe Township
Monroe Township
Location in Gloucester County
Monroe Township is located in New Jersey
Monroe Township
Monroe Township
Location in New Jersey
Monroe Township is located in the United States
Monroe Township
Monroe Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°39′37″N 74°58′09″W / 39.660224°N 74.969195°W / 39.660224; -74.969195Coordinates: 39°39′37″N 74°58′09″W / 39.660224°N 74.969195°W / 39.660224; -74.969195[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Gloucester
IncorporatedMarch 3, 1859
Named forPresident James Monroe
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act (mayor–council)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorRichard DiLucia (D, term ends December 31, 2022)[3][4]
 • AdministratorJill McCrea[5]
 • Municipal clerkAileen Chiselko[6]
Area
 • Total46.93 sq mi (121.54 km2)
 • Land46.42 sq mi (120.23 km2)
 • Water0.51 sq mi (1.31 km2)  1.08%
Area rank36th of 565 in state
2nd of 24 in county[1]
Elevation121 ft (37 m)
Population
 • Total36,129
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
36,865
 • Rank63rd of 566 in state
2nd of 24 in county[13]
 • Density778.8/sq mi (300.7/km2)
 • Density rank408th of 566 in state
16th of 24 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)609 and 856[15]
FIPS code3401547250[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0882137[1][18]
Websitewww.monroetownshipnj.org

Monroe Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 36,129,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 7,162 (+24.7%) from the 28,967 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,264 (+8.5%) from the 26,703 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Monroe Township was originally formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 3, 1859, from portions of Washington Township, while the area was still part of Camden County. Monroe Township was shifted to Gloucester County on February 28, 1871, along with the majority of Washington Township. In 1950, portions of the township were transferred to Winslow Township in Camden County.[20] The township was named for President James Monroe.[21]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 46.93 square miles (121.54 km2), including 46.42 square miles (120.23 km2) of land and 0.51 square miles (1.31 km2) of water (1.08%).[1][2]

Victory Lakes (with a 2010 Census population of 2,111[22]) and Williamstown (15,567 residents as of 2010[23]) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places located within Monroe Township.[24]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Berryland, Broad Lane, Cecil, Cross Keys, Downer, New Brooklyn and Radix.[25]

The township borders the municipalities of Clayton, Franklin Township, Glassboro and Washington Township in Gloucester County; Buena Vista Township and Folsom in Atlantic County; and Winslow Township in Camden County.[26][27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,417
18701,66317.4%
18801,85811.7%
18901,9454.7%
19002,40223.5%
19103,01525.5%
19203,2929.2%
19304,06423.5%
19404,3106.1%
19505,53128.3%
19609,39669.9%
197014,07149.8%
198021,63953.8%
199026,70323.4%
200028,9678.5%
201036,12924.7%
2019 (est.)36,865[12][28][29]2.0%
Population sources: 1860-1870[30]
1880-2000[31] 1860-1920[32]
1860-1870[33] 1870[34] 1880-1890[35]
1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37]
1930-1990[38] 2000[39][40] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 36,129 people, 12,815 households, and 9,445 families in the township. The population density was 778.8 inhabitants per square mile (300.7/km2). There were 13,387 housing units at an average density of 288.6 per square mile (111.4/km2). The racial makeup was 79.41% (28,689) White, 14.01% (5,060) Black or African American, 0.20% (73) Native American, 2.42% (875) Asian, 0.01% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.54% (557) from other races, and 2.41% (870) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.97% (1,795) of the population.[9]

Of the 12,815 households, 34.7% had children under the age of 18; 56.2% were married couples living together; 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.3% were non-families. Of all households, 21.5% were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.28.[9]

25.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.0 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $66,761 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,083) and the median family income was $83,929 (+/- $4,293). Males had a median income of $61,505 (+/- $3,058) versus $41,946 (+/- $1,826) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,270 (+/- $1,121). About 6.1% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.[41]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 28,967 people, 10,521 households, and 7,848 families residing in the township. The population density was 622.3 people per square mile (240.3/km2). There were 11,069 housing units at an average density of 237.8 per square mile (91.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 84.83% White, 11.15% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.71% of the population.[39][40]

There were 10,521 households, out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.18.[39][40]

In the township the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.[39][40]

The median income for a household in the township was $50,037, and the median income for a family was $56,810. Males had a median income of $41,062 versus $29,849 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,488. About 4.0% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.[39][40]

Sports[edit]

Scotland Run Golf Club is a public golf course and country club located in Williamstown. Opened in 1999, the 18-hole course was built on an old sand quarry. The course was named one of the Top 50 Public Courses in the country by the readers of Golf World in their annual Readers' Choice Awards in 2009 and 2010.[42]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Monroe Township is governed within the Faulkner Act system of municipal government, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under Mayor-Council (Plan F), enacted by direct petition as of January 1, 1971.[43] The township is one of 71 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government.[44] The governing body of Monroe Township is comprised of the Mayor and the Township Council. The Mayor is directly elected to a four-year term of office. The Township Council is comprised of seven members, with three at-large seats and four seats selected from wards, all of whom serve four-year terms of office. Officials are chosen in partisan voting as part of the November general election in even-numbered years on a staggered basis, with the Mayor and the three council at-large seats up for vote together and two years later the four ward council seats.[7][45]

As of 2020, the Mayor of Monroe Township is Democrat Richard DiLucia, whose term of office ends December 31, 2021.[3] Members of the Township Council are Marvin G. Dilks Jr. (D, 2020; Ward 1), Katherine Falcone (D, 2022; At Large), Ronald T. Garbowski (D, 2020; Ward 3), Joseph Marino (D, 2020; Ward 4), Cody D. Miller (D, 2020; Ward 2 - elected to serve an unexpired term), Patrick O'Reilly (D, 2022; At Large) and Gregory A. Wolfe (D, 2022; At Large).[3][46][47][48][49][50]

In January 2019, Cody Miller was selected to fill the Ward 2 seat expiring in December 2020 that was vacated by Richard DiLucia when he took office as mayor.[51] In the November 2019 general election, Miller was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.[48]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Monroe Township is located in the 1st Congressional District[52] and is part of New Jersey's 4th state legislative district.[10][53][54]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[55][56] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[57] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[58][59]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 4th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Fred H. Madden (D, Washington Township, Gloucester County) and in the General Assembly by Paul Moriarty (D, Washington Township, Gloucester County) and Gabriela Mosquera (D, Gloucester Township).[60][61]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2020, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; 2021),[62] Deputy Freeholder Director Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2022),[63] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2020),[64] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2022),[65] Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2020),[66] Jim Lavender (D, Woolwich Township; 2021),[67] and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2020).[68][69]

Constitutional officers elected countywide are: County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 5-year term ends 2022),[70][71][72] Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 3-year term ends 2021)[73][74][75] and Surrogate Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 5-year term ends 2022).[76][77][78][72][79][75]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 22,377 registered voters in Monroe Township, of which 9,905 (44.3%) were registered as Democrats, 3,408 (15.2%) were registered as Republicans and 9,051 (40.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties.[80]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.4% of the vote (8,986 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 41.6% (6,513 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (145 votes), among the 15,767 ballots cast by the township's 23,556 registered voters (123 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.9%.[81][82] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.4% of the vote (9,296 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 40.5% (6,555 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (216 votes), among the 16,193 ballots cast by the township's 22,994 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.4%.[83] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 54.9% of the vote (7,994 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 43.6% (6,351 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (133 votes), among the 14,566 ballots cast by the township's 20,814 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.0.[84]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.4% of the vote (5,182 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 35.9% (2,977 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (143 votes), among the 8,462 ballots cast by the township's 23,319 registered voters (160 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.3%.[85][86] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 47.0% of the vote (4,304 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.0% (4,034 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.2% (659 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (64 votes), among the 9,165 ballots cast by the township's 22,698 registered voters, yielding a 40.4% turnout.[87]

Education[edit]

View of the main entrance of Williamstown High School

The Monroe Township Public Schools is a comprehensive district serving the educational needs of resident students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Services are also provided for preschool handicapped students as well as other students with special needs. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of six schools, had an enrollment of 5,995 students and 448.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.4:1.[88] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[89]) are Holly Glen Elementary School[90] (649 students; in grades PreK-4), Oak Knoll Elementary School[91] (605; K-4), Radix Elementary School[92] (797; PreK-4), Whitehall Elementary School[93] (436; K-4), Williamstown Middle School[94] (1,928; 5-8) and Williamstown High School[95] (1,517; 9-12).[96]

Students from across the county are eligible to apply to attend Gloucester County Institute of Technology, a four-year high school in Deptford Township that provides technical and vocational education. As a public school, students do not pay tuition to attend the school.[97]

St. Mary School is a K-8 elementary school that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[98][99]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 322 westbound along the Black Horse Pike in Monroe Township

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 180.28 miles (290.13 km) of roadways, of which 131.72 miles (211.98 km) were maintained by the municipality, 32.30 miles (51.98 km) by Gloucester County and 16.26 miles (26.17 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[100]

The Black Horse Pike is a four-lane, arterial highway which traverses the entire township northwest-to-southeast and provides direct access to downtown Philadelphia (30 minutes) and Atlantic City (35 minutes). The northwestern portion within the township is part of New Jersey Route 42, while the southeastern segment forms the eastern portion of U.S. Route 322 within the township. The remainder of U.S. Route 322 in Monroe Township is a two-lane arterial highway which traverses the Township west of the Black Horse Pike. It provides access to the New Jersey Turnpike, north and south (30 minutes), with access to the Commodore Barry Bridge and Delaware Memorial Bridge to Interstate 95 (40 minutes). Major county roads within the township include County Route 536, County Route 538 and County Route 555.

Running just outside the township is the Atlantic City Expressway, a four-lane, limited access highway which parallels the Black Horse Pike and provides direct access to downtown Atlantic City (30 minutes) and access to the Garden State Parkway, north and south.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit bus service is available between Cape May and Philadelphia on the 315 route and between Sicklerville and Philadelphia on the 400 route, with local service on the 463 route between Woodbury and the Avondale Park and Ride in Sicklerville.[101][102]

Cross Keys Airport is located in the Cross Keys section.[103]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Monroe Township include:

Points of interest[edit]

Hall Street School

Hall Street School was built in 1887 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 27, 2006.

References[edit]

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  67. ^ Jim Lavender, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  68. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
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  90. ^ Holly Glen Elementary School, Monroe Township Public Schools. Accessed July 23, 2019.
  91. ^ Oak Knoll Elementary School, Monroe Township Public Schools. Accessed July 23, 2019.
  92. ^ Radix Elementary School, Monroe Township Public Schools. Accessed July 23, 2019.
  93. ^ Whitehall Elementary School, Monroe Township Public Schools. Accessed July 23, 2019.
  94. ^ Williamstown Middle School, Monroe Township Public Schools. Accessed July 23, 2019.
  95. ^ Williamstown High School, Monroe Township Public Schools. Accessed July 23, 2019.
  96. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Monroe Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  97. ^ Admissions, Gloucester County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 7, 2019. "There is no charge to attend. GCIT is a public school.... GCIT is the vocational-technical school for Gloucester County residents. You must live in Gloucester County to apply and attend."
  98. ^ About, St. Mary School. Accessed October 20, 2016.
  99. ^ Catholic Schools Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed October 20, 2016.
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  102. ^ Gloucester County's Transit Guide, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed November 7, 2019.
  103. ^ "Pilot survives small plane crash", WPVI, July 16, 2008. Accessed July 28, 2008. "Chopper 6 was over Cross Keys Airport in Monroe Township, Gloucester County."
  104. ^ Roberts, Kimberly C. "Leon Huff takes vocal group Ju-Taun under his wing", The Philadelphia Tribune, December 5, 2011. Accessed July 8, 2015. "His recent connection with vocal group Ju-Taun, of Williamstown, N.J., has reignited that passion."
  105. ^ Dave Calloway, Monmouth Hawks men's basketball. Accessed July 3, 2019. "Calloway was one of Szoke's prize recruits as a sharpshooting guard from St. Joseph's High School.... The Williamstown, N.J., native made an immediate impact in West Long Branch."
  106. ^ Brittany Ratcliffe - Forward, Boston Breakers. Accessed February 27, 2018. "Hometown: Williamstown, N.J.... Played at Paul VI High School"

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