Monroeville, Alabama

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Monroeville, Alabama
The Old Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville
The Old Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville
Nickname(s): The Literary Capital of Alabama
Motto: "Moving the Past Forward"
Location in Monroe County and the state of Alabama
Location in Monroe County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 31°31′5″N 87°19′39″W / 31.51806°N 87.32750°W / 31.51806; -87.32750
Country United States
State Alabama
County Monroe
 • Total 13.4 sq mi (34.7 km2)
 • Land 13.4 sq mi (34.6 km2)
 • Water 0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation 413 ft (126 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,519
 • Density 488/sq mi (188.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 36460–36462
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-50192
GNIS feature ID 0152359

Monroeville is a city in Monroe County, Alabama, United States, the county seat of Monroe County.[1] At the 2010 census its population was 6,519.[2]

It is known as the hometown of two prominent writers of the post-World War II period, Truman Capote and Harper Lee, who were childhood friends in the 1930s. Lee's 1960 novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, earned her the Pulitzer Prize. The lasting fame of To Kill a Mockingbird became a tourist draw for the town. In 1997, the Alabama Legislature designated Monroeville and Monroe County the "Literary Capital of Alabama."


Monroeville is located at 31°31′5″N 87°19′39″W / 31.51806°N 87.32750°W / 31.51806; -87.32750 (31.518075, -87.327543).[3]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.4 square miles (34.7 km2), of which 13.4 square miles (34.6 km2) is land and 0.0077 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.05%, is water.[2]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 422
1910 616 46.0%
1920 1,017 65.1%
1930 1,355 33.2%
1940 1,724 27.2%
1950 2,772 60.8%
1960 3,632 31.0%
1970 4,846 33.4%
1980 5,674 17.1%
1990 6,993 23.2%
2000 6,862 −1.9%
2010 6,519 −5.0%
Est. 2013 6,289 −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 6,862 people, 2,687 households, and 1,870 families residing in the city. The population density was 525.8 people per square mile (203.0/km²). There were 3,016 housing units at an average density of 231.1 per square mile (89.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.09% White, 44.84% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,687 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 82.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,229, and the median income for a family was $36,476. Males had a median income of $35,600 versus $20,184 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,070. About 20.4% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.


Monroeville is home to Alabama Southern Community College, a state-supported, fully accredited, comprehensive two-year college serving southwest Alabama with its main campuses in Monroeville and Thomasville.

Literary fame[edit]

Author Harper Lee was born and raised in Monroeville. In her book To Kill a Mockingbird, the fictional town of Maycomb is modeled on her hometown. The novel received the 1961 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Truman Capote, a childhood neighbor and friend of Harper Lee, grew up in Monroeville. Capote acknowledged being the inspiration for the book's character, Dill. Mark Childress, novelist, and Cynthia Tucker, syndicated columnist and winner of the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary, were also born in Monroeville.

As of 2006, an estimated 30,000 tourists visited Monroeville annually because of its association with To Kill a Mockingbird. Each May the Monroe County Heritage Museum stages an amateur play based on the book on the grounds of the courthouse. The interior of the courthouse was used as a reference for the film version of the book, and it is the venue for the later acts of the amateur production. The all-volunteer cast has been invited to perform in Washington, D.C., Kingston upon Hull, and Jerusalem.[7] In 1997 the Alabama Legislature designated Monroeville and Monroe County the "Literary Capital of Alabama."

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Monroeville city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Cathy Newman "To Catch a Mockingbird", National Geographic, January 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°31′05″N 87°19′39″W / 31.518075°N 87.327543°W / 31.518075; -87.327543