Monsanto House of the Future
|Monsanto House of the Future|
|Soft opening date||June 11, 1957|
|Opening date||June 12, 1957|
|Closing date||December 1967|
|Replaced by||Alpine Gardens|
|Attraction type||Walkthrough attraction|
|Designer||Marvin Goody & Richard Hamilton|
|Theme||Futuristic House set in 1986|
|Site area||1,280 sq ft (119 m2)|
|Participants per group||60,000 per week|
|“The Monsanto House of the Future Video Film”, The Disneyland infaMOUSEproject|
It was sponsored by Monsanto Company. The design and engineering of the house was done jointly by Monsanto, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Walt Disney Imagineering. The MIT faculty members were architects Richard Hamilton and Marvin Goody, and building engineer Albert G. H. Dietz. The fiberglass components of the house were manufactured by Winner Manufacturing Company in Trenton, New Jersey, and were assembled into the house on-site.
The attraction offered a tour of a home of the future, set in the year 1986, and featured household appliances such as microwave ovens, which eventually became commonplace. The house saw over 435,000 visitors within the first six weeks of opening, and ultimately saw over 20 million visitors before being closed.
The house closed in 1967. The building was so sturdy that when demolition crews failed to demolish the house using wrecking balls, torches, chainsaws and jackhammers, the building was ultimately demolished by using choker chains to crush it into smaller parts. The reinforced polyester structure was so strong that the half-inch steel bolts used to mount it to its foundation broke before the structure itself did.:6
The reinforced concrete foundation was never removed, and remains in its original location, now the Pixie Hollow, where it has been painted green and is used as a planter.
The House of the Future has had a significant impact on later design at Disney and Epcot. In February 2008, Disney announced it would conceptually bring back the attraction with a more modern and accessible interior. The $15 million Innoventions Dream Home is a collaboration of the Walt Disney Company, Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard, software maker LifeWare, and homebuilder Taylor Morrison.
In 2010, MIT Museum Architecture Curator Gary Van Zante gave a presentation on campus where he showed archived drawings and photographs of the plastic house. The talk, titled Back to the Future: A 1950s House of the Future, was part of the Cambridge Science Festival.
- Phillips, Stephen (2004). "Plastics: Monsanto Home of the Future". In Colomina, Beatriz. Cold War hothouses inventing postwar culture, from cockpit to Playboy. New York, N.Y.: Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 102–. ISBN 9781568983028.
- Gross, Daniel A. (2015). "Plastic Town". Distillations Magazine 1 (3): 26–33. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Mannheim, Steve (2004). Walt Disney and the quest for community. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-7546-1974-1.
- "Inside Monsanto's House of the Future, 1957". Mental_Floss. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- "Living in the Monsanto House of the Future". Disney Avenue. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Weinstein, Dave. "Plastic Fantastic Living Disneyland's spectacular 'Monsanto House of the Future' combined science, showmanship and dreams". Eichler Network. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Homage to the House of the Future". Yesterland. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Flaccus, Gillian (13 February 2008). "Disney Revives 'House of the Future'". Sun Sentinel. Archived from the original on 17 February 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Marcott, Amy (30 April 2010). "Houses: Make Mine Small, Modular, and Made of Plastic". MIT Alumni Association.
- Monsanto House of the Future at Yesterland
- Jetsetmodern references to: House of the Future, Xanadu etc.
- Homes of the Future of the Past The pages listed on this list of links are partly not available anymore
- House of the Future, 1957 (on YouTube)