Monson Developmental Center

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Monson Developmental Center
MonsonMA DevCenter 3.jpg
Monson Developmental Center is located in Massachusetts
Monson Developmental Center
Monson Developmental Center is located in the US
Monson Developmental Center
Location Monson, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°8′43″N 72°20′4″W / 42.14528°N 72.33444°W / 42.14528; -72.33444Coordinates: 42°8′43″N 72°20′4″W / 42.14528°N 72.33444°W / 42.14528; -72.33444
Built 1854
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Classical Revival, Bungalow/Craftsman
MPS Massachusetts State Hospitals And State Schools MPS
NRHP Reference #


Added to NRHP January 21, 1994

The Monson Developmental Center is a historic site at 200 State Avenue in Monson, Massachusetts. The property, whose core has been in state control since 1854, has housed a variety of facilities for providing services to the indigent or sick since then.

In 1854 the Commonwealth of Massachusetts acquired 175 acres (71 ha) of land in Monson, on which it erected an almshouse to provide facilities for poor immigrants fleeing the Irish Potato Famine. In 1855 it was renamed the State Farm School, and later the State Primary School, and it housed children who were wards of the state. It served in this role until 1887. In 1898 the state's Hospital for Epileptics opened on the grounds, using the old facilities and building several more buildings. Over the first half of the 20th century the facility was expanded, growing to 72 buildings on 662 acres (268 ha) of land.[2]

The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994.[1] Since then, its population has continued to decline, and the state in 2008 announced plans to close the facility. In 2012 the state relocated the last 31 residents, and began to consider the future of the property.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "MACRIS inventory record for Monson Developmental Center". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  3. ^ "Monson Developmental Center's use nearing the end". The Republican. June 9, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  4. ^ "Future of Monson Developmental Center could hinge on marketing study about possible uses for former state facility". The Republic. January 30, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-12.