Mont-de-Marsan

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Mont-de-Marsan
Confluence of the Douze and Midou rivers
Confluence of the Douze and Midou rivers
Coat of arms of Mont-de-Marsan
Coat of arms
Location of Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan is located in France
Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
Coordinates: 43°53′N 0°30′W / 43.89°N 0.50°W / 43.89; -0.50Coordinates: 43°53′N 0°30′W / 43.89°N 0.50°W / 43.89; -0.50
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLandes
ArrondissementMont-de-Marsan
CantonMont-de-Marsan-1 and 2
IntercommunalityMont-de-Marsan Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Charles Dayot
Area
1
36.88 km2 (14.24 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
29,683
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40192 /40000
Elevation23–97 m (75–318 ft)
(avg. 63 m or 207 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mont-de-Marsan (French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃ də maʁsɑ̃]; Gascon: Lo Mont de Marçan[2]) is a commune and capital of the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 4,000—    
1800 2,866−4.65%
1806 5,256+10.64%
1821 3,065−3.53%
1831 3,774+2.10%
1836 4,082+1.58%
1841 4,465+1.81%
1846 4,684+0.96%
1851 4,655−0.12%
1856 5,210+2.28%
1861 5,574+1.36%
1866 8,455+8.69%
1872 8,138−0.63%
1876 9,310+3.42%
1881 10,878+3.16%
1886 11,760+1.57%
1891 12,031+0.46%
1896 11,274−1.29%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 11,604+0.58%
1906 11,923+0.54%
1911 12,091+0.28%
1921 10,836−1.09%
1926 12,134+2.29%
1931 11,854−0.47%
1936 13,009+1.88%
1946 14,055+0.78%
1954 17,120+2.50%
1962 20,191+2.08%
1968 24,444+3.24%
1975 26,166+0.98%
1982 27,326+0.62%
1990 28,328+0.45%
1999 29,489+0.45%
2007 30,212+0.30%
2012 31,018+0.53%
2017 29,554−0.96%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Military installations[edit]

The French Air and Space Force operates the Constantin Rozanoff Mont-de-Marsan Air Base about 2 kilometres north of the town. The base includes CEAM (the French air force military experimentation and trials organisation), an air defense radar command reporting centre and an air defence control training site. Mont-de-Marsan Air Base was formerly home to France's first operational squadron of nuclear bombers, the Dassault Mirage IVA.

Sights[edit]

  • The Donjon Lacataye is the keep of a 14th-century castle
  • Despiau-Wlérick Museum (1930s sculpture by two local artists)
  • Dubalen Museum
  • Marechal Foch's equestrian statue

Culture[edit]

Stade Montois Club Omnisports is the city's main sports club, known for its rugby team Stade Montois and its football team Stade Montois (football).

Two historic punk rock music festivals were held in Mont-de-Marsan's bullring in 1976 and 1977.

Festival Arte Flamenco international festival created in 1989 in Mont-de-Marsan by the council of the Landes department.

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Mont-de-Marsan is twinned with:

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mont-de-Marsan (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
26.3
(79.3)
29.2
(84.6)
32.1
(89.8)
35.3
(95.5)
40.4
(104.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.5
(108.5)
36.7
(98.1)
33.6
(92.5)
26.4
(79.5)
23.9
(75.0)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61.0)
18.1
(64.6)
21.8
(71.2)
25.1
(77.2)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
24.9
(76.8)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
19.2
(66.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
1.8
(35.2)
3.9
(39.0)
6.2
(43.2)
10.1
(50.2)
13.3
(55.9)
15.2
(59.4)
15.0
(59.0)
11.7
(53.1)
9.0
(48.2)
4.8
(40.6)
2.3
(36.1)
7.9
(46.2)
Record low °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−16.8
(1.8)
−11.5
(11.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.8
(35.2)
2.0
(35.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.2
(20.8)
−10.4
(13.3)
−14.5
(5.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.5
(3.09)
69.4
(2.73)
70.0
(2.76)
87.8
(3.46)
82.0
(3.23)
63.3
(2.49)
54.4
(2.14)
64.6
(2.54)
70.1
(2.76)
91.6
(3.61)
98.2
(3.87)
87.0
(3.43)
916.9
(36.10)
Average precipitation days 11.2 9.8 10.3 12.4 11.8 8.7 7.1 7.9 8.2 10.7 11.5 10.8 120.4
Average snowy days 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.9 4.3
Average relative humidity (%) 88 84 77 76 75 75 73 76 78 85 88 89 80.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 91.7 109.3 168.5 172.7 196.0 209.9 228.7 217.5 193.4 145.6 93.9 81.2 1,908.4
Source 1: Météo France[5][6]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Toponimia Occitana (in Occitan)
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Mont-de-Marsan, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Mont-de-Marsan" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Mont-de-Marsan (40) - altitude 59m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved 28 December 2015.

External links[edit]